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QA via Source Inspection and QC via Inspection at GR for same batch, possible?

My client is looking for setting up the system in such a way that the Quality Assurance Inspection takes place at the Vendor's/Manufacturer's place and once the Batch is approved, at the time of Goods Receipt, system trigger's another Inspection Lot for Quality Control Inspection. So, technically this means:

For same Vendor or Manufacturer's Batch:

New Inspection Lot via Source Inspection Lot functionality

if approved,

New Inspection Lot via GR based Inspection.

In case, if the Source Inspection Lot is rejected then can we create a new Inspection Lot via Source Inspection functionality?

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  • Best Answer
    Posted on Aug 18, 2016 at 12:34 PM

    You need to make sure of four things:

    1) In the Q-info record select the inspection type to be used for the source inspection

    2) In the Q-info record indicator "Source insp.-no GR" as Arjit mentioned above is NOT set

    3) Create in config and set a QM in procurement key in the QM view of the material master. The procurement key must have the field for "GR for rejection" set to "Source inspection lot has no effect on the goods receipt" (See screen shot from config below)

    4) in the material master activate and setup an 01 origin inspection type. (I suggest using a different inspection type then you use for the source inspection.

    Once these are set you should be able to create source inspection lot. Then, regardless of the UD on the source lot, the incoming 01 inspection lot should be created. You can also still use the GR control/Batch to control if a batch rejected by a source inspection is allowed to be received.


    PS> Arjit - for some scenarios, even when source inspections are done, another inspection is required at receipt. For instance, many pershible products like food and medicines are shipped with temperature sensitve labels on the shipping boxes that must be inspected upon receipt to determine if the box has been exposed to any high temperatures during shipping, i.e. after source inspection.

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    • Interesting query!!

      One question Nandish, how do you plan to go with second (source) inspection lot using the same PO for a different vendor ? I don't know much about MM functionality but Im bit sure about vendor and PO, vendor cannot be changed once a PO is created.

      So I also think you might have to go with manual inspection lot to address this issue.


  • Posted on Aug 17, 2016 at 10:17 AM

    Hi Nandish,

    To my understanding this is the most common scenario where, if source Inspection (Inspection type - 0101) is created first, result recorded, UD posted and then if the UD = A, then it allows GR to be posted for the incoming Manufacturer batch (Inspection type - 01). In case if this source inspection lot is rejected with UD = R, then it can block the GR posting and new inspection lot creation, linked to GR.

    For the Source Inspection control setup, you can check the below two setup:

    a) SPRO -----> Quality Management => QM in Logistics => QM in Procurement => Define Control Keys => Provide Control Key =>

    b) Quality Info Record: (Tx - QI01)

    As you want Source Inspection should happen and then GR inspection to happen, so this check for "Source Insp. - no GR" should be blank for your condition.

    Now if this being the process, I believe system should allow you to re-create a new Source Inspection in QI07. Please can you try and confirm.



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    • I don't understand your statement saying '...further automatic Inspection Lot (of type 01) once it has passed Source Inspection...'. Why you need another source inspection here if the previous source inspection lots is already "Accepted"? Do you don't want to use Inspection lot at GR or not? For an "Accept" situation, I believe SAP do not need to push something new, as the incoming material is compliant enough for a receipt at target plant.

      1st part - To my understand it works following the screenshot b) I shared earlier. If you have selected "Source insp. - No GR" = X, then it will not create any new inspection lot during GR. If this check is blank, then while you do GR, another inspection lot will be created at the doorstep.

      Control for creating a new inspection lot at GR (doorstep) is guided by the screenshot a) with remarks like 'GR Control/Batch = L", means a new inspection lot should be created. Is this not happening right now in your system as per standard?

      For the 2nd part (Source Inspection = Reject), I can't test in my present client as here is no setup to validate either. You can check SAP notes or wait for some more convincing feedback, who is using this functionality now.

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