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automatic account determination

the rules that you use to define if the configuration of automatic posting for posting transaction depends on which of the influencing factors ?

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  • author's profile photo Former Member
    Former Member
    Posted on Sep 10, 2011 at 04:55 PM

    hi

    It works with three influencing factors: -

    u2022 Chart of accounts

    u2022 Material type

    u2022 Valuation grouping code

    Chart of accounts: - It is a group of accounts (GL Accounts), which is assigned to our company code. One company code is assigned to one chart of account but one chart of account can be maintained for n number of company codes.

    Valuation grouping code / valuation modification: - It is a 4-digit code, which is assigned to company code along with valuation area (Plant)

    Material Type :- it define wheather material is raw,semifinish, or finish

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  • Posted on Sep 10, 2011 at 07:08 PM

    Hi,

    Accounts are determined based on following parameters where we define in u201CRulesu201D in OBYC t.code:

    1. Debit/Credit

    2. General Modification

    3. Valuation Modification

    4. Valuation Class

    Every movement of materials is followed by one movement type only and Material have Valuation class, so 1st influencing is from above is valuation class. Next will be Valuation Modification followed by G/L account & then General Modification.

    For integration, one need to know all about movement type, valuation class, chart of account, Valuation area, business key (transaction key), valuation grouping code{ Valuation Modification}, account grouping code { General Modification }& nature of G/L account and Posting keys.

    Regards,

    Biju K

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  • author's profile photo Former Member
    Former Member
    Posted on Sep 10, 2011 at 07:38 PM

    Material valuation is essentially controlled by two factors:

    • •--> System setting (Customizing)

    ••--> Material master record

    Material valuation is adjusted to the requirements of your company using the system settings. For system configuration, the following questions are defined:

    • •--> On which level are materials valuated?

    ••--> Which types of goods movements are relevant for valuation?

    • •--> Which accounts are posted to during a transaction?

    The following sections cover the questions about the valuation level and the settings in the material master record. The movement type determines which types of goods movements are relevant for valuation. The settings for automatic account determination determine which accounts are posted to during a transaction.

    Basically One can summerize

    1.Chart of Account

    2.Valuation Area

    3.Valuation Grouping code

    4.Material type setting

    5.Valuation class

    6. Account category reference

    7.Transaction/ event key

    8.Valuation string

    Refer, Configuration Valuation Account assignment under Materials Managent or go through help.sap.com for better understanding.

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  • author's profile photo Former Member
    Former Member
    Posted on Sep 12, 2011 at 04:03 AM

    Hi,

    The influencing factors that determine how SAP choose the G/L account numbers that are involved in the accounting journal for MM transactions are:

    2. Valuation grouping code

    Valuation groupin code is the grouping of valuation areas and naming under a code. The Valuation grouping code is a key to differentiate account determination by valuation area within a chart of account. Valuation grouping code is also called Valuation modification We need to activate the Valuation grouping code and assign it to plant if g/l accounts needs to be differentiated by plant.

    1. Chart of accounts

    Should assign a chart of account to each company code. Several company codes can use the same chart of accounts. SAP R/3 determines the chart of account affected by MM transaction from the company code or plant entered by user when performs a transaction.

    2.Material type:This will indirectly influence automatic account determination Material type assigned to account category reference. this account category reference is linked to valuation class and get posted to valuation class.

    3. Valuation class

    The valuation class is a key to differentiate account determination by materials. For example, we can post a goods receipt of a raw material to a different inventory account than if the goods receipt were for finished-product. The valuation class must be entered in the accounting data view of material master data for a valuated-material.

    4. Account Grouping (only for transaction: offsetting entries, consignment liabilities, and price differences) also called general modificatier. An account grouping is assigned to each movement type in inventory management which uses the posting transaction "Offsetting entry for inventory posting" in OBYC.

    5.Transaction/event key (internal processing key) - The Transaction/event key is a key to differentiate account determination by business transaction. For example, we must differentiate G/L account posted by goods receipt transaction and posted by invoice receipt transaction.

    The G/L accounts are assigned to various transaction keys using the Tcode OBYC (SPRO--> Materials Management --> Valuation and Account Assignment --> Account Determination without Wizard --> Configure Automatic posting)

    Ihope this will resolve your issue. Thanking you.

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  • Posted on Sep 12, 2011 at 04:49 AM
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