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How to declare global variables in sapui5?

Nov 16, 2016 at 02:39 PM

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I have a controller with multiple functions and I would like to be able to crate global variables that I can use throughout all the functions. I know I can declare variables at the global scope like var x = 'something' or window.x = 'something' and just placing then before the controller declaration. But what I would like to do is be able to declare variables using my view for example in the following way:

sap.ui.define([
		'sap/ui/core/mvc/Controller',
	], function(Controller) {
	"use strict";
	//I want to be able to do something like this
       var x = this.byId('myID);
    var mainController = Controller.extend("pricingTool.controller.Main", {

           onInit : function (oEvent) {
            //set model
	var oModel = new sap.ui.model.json.JSONModel("Model/products.json");
	this.getView().setModel(oModel);
	var v1 = this.byId("gridThing");
	v1.setVisible(false);

        //and then use the variable here
        x.setAttribute("att");
        },
});        
<br>

Unfortunately this doesn't work because I receive an error saying that this.byId is not a function. Anyone knows how to accomplish this

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1 Answer

Josh Zavala Nov 16, 2016 at 04:26 PM
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Eliseo,

I recently ran into a similar issue in my own project where I needed to remember a user entered value on a different view/controller set than the one the actual submission took place on. I solved this by using SAP's provided "AppContext" to hold my value. I declared it in the app's index file like this:

<script>
	sap.ui.getCore().attachInit(function() {
		new sap.m.Shell({
			app: new sap.ui.core.ComponentContainer({
				height : "100%",
				name : "your.namespace"
			})
		}).placeAt("content");
	});
			
	//set the app context object for global program data
	sap.ui.getCore().AppContext = new Object();
	sap.ui.getCore().AppContext.Array = [];
	sap.ui.getCore().AppContext.BOL = "";
</script>

This was put in after the "bootstrap" script.

Just a thought... in reading the different forums, you'll find differing opinions as to whether or not using a global variable in the MVC pattern is good practice or not. Some developers suggested creating another JSON model for the app in which you could store values. Personally, I try to avoid using the "window" global variable and stick to SAP's provided API's as much as possible.

Good luck,

Josh

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For reference, the link to the blog I followed for my above implementation: Runtime Global Data

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Thanks Josh,

this seems like another way to do it. I haven't tried it yet as I decided to go with an easy solution I found on another forum. This is by creating a function to initialize all the variables I need. Here is how I did it if anyone needs to see this too.

var x, y; //declare variables with no initialization

var mainController = Controller.extend("controller.Main", { 

       varInit: function(){ 
           
           //initialize variables with appropriate view elements
           y = "something"; 
           x = this.byId("myID"); //now I can use "this" keyword
            },
        onInit : function (oEvent) {
            //use variables
            console.log(y);
           var p = x.getAttribute("attribute");
           x.setAttribute("att");  
       },
});

This might not be the best way but it's a very quick and easy way to work around this kind of issue. It seems to be working fine for me and I can use them in any function throughout my controller

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