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debit memo & credit memo

could u please explain vendor debit memo and vendor credit memo what is the difference between vendot credit memo and vendor invoice.

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  • author's profile photo Former Member
    Former Member
    Posted on Mar 27, 2009 at 09:06 AM

    Hi

    Debit Note:When a firm returns some goods to its suppliers,it prepares a debit note and sends it along with goods returned.

    Credit Note: Credit note nothing but Credit Memo. It is a document used to adjust or rectify errors made in a sales invoice, which has already been processed and sent to a customer.

    Regards

    Surya

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  • author's profile photo Former Member
    Former Member
    Posted on Mar 27, 2009 at 03:14 PM

    hi

    Defination of Debit note and Credit note .

    Debit Memo - It is a sales document used in complaints processing to request a debit memo for a customer. If the prices calculated for the customer were too low, for example, calculated with the wrong scaled prices, you can create a debit memo request. The debit memo request can be blocked so that it can be checked. When it has been approved, you can remove the block. It is like a standard order. The system uses the debit memo request to create a debit memo.

    Credit Memo - A transaction that reduces Amounts Receivable from a customer is a credit memo. For eg. The customer could return damaged goods. A debit memo is a transaction that reduces Amounts Payable to a vendor because, you send damaged goods back to your vendor.

    Credit memo request is a sales document used in complaints processing to request a credit memo for a customer. If the price calculated for the customer is too high, for example, because the wrong scale prices were used or a discount was forgotten, you can create a credit memo request. The credit memo request is blocked for further processing so that it can be checked. If the request is approved, you can remove the block. The system uses the credit memo request to create a credit memo.

    As mentioned above, creating a credit or debit memo request enables you to create credit or debit memos based on a complaint. For this first create a sales document with the order type for a credit or debit memo request. You can create the debit or credit memo requests in the following ways:

    u2013 Without reference to an order

    u2013 With reference to an existing order

    Here you enter which order the complaint refers to.

    u2013 With reference to an invoice

    Here you enter which invoice the complaint refers to.

    In all cases, you specify the value or quantity that should be in the credit or debit memo

    You can block the credit or debit memo request from being billed in Customizing. Go to Sales -> Sales Documents -> Sales document header -> Define sales document type and select the billing block field in the billing section. This request can later be reviewed along with similar ones, - if necessary, by another department. The request for a credit or debit memo can then be approved or rejected.

    To create Credit / Debit Memo request:

    - Use the same procedure that you use for Creating Sales Orders i.d T Code VA01

    - Give Order Type as CR for Credit Memo and DR for Debit Memo reuest

    While creating the request you have to enter Customer Number, Reason for the request. and Material and its quantity. Once the credit or debit memo request is released you can create credit or debit memo. The credit memo request will be automatically blocked for checking with Billing Block 08 (to check credit memo) & 09 (to check debit memo) for the sales order type u201CCRu201D .

    If it is not so you can customize the block for credit memo requests in Customizing for SD when you define the order type Sales and Distribution -> Sales -> Sales Documents -> Sales Document Header -> Define sales document types. The release of block is allowed to be removed only by the people who are authorized for it. If the amount is within acceptable limit the block is automatically released otherwise all the people assigned to this job receive a work item in their integrated inbox for release.

    If the complaint is not automatically blocked by the settings in Customizing, you can set a delivery or billing block manually.

    - Logistics -> Sales and distribution -> Sales.

    - Choose Order -> Change.

    - Enter the number of the sales document, or use a matchcode to search for it.

    - Choose Enter.

    - If all the items have been blocked, choose Select all.

    - If only some items should be blocked, select the corresponding items.

    - Choose Edit -> Fast change of... -> Delivery block or Billing block.

    - Enter the delivery or billing block for the header or individual items.

    - Choose Copy.

    - The system copies (or deletes) the delivery or billing block in all the selected items.

    - Save your document.

    Purpose of Debit and Credit note and its creation .

    1. A transaction that reduces Amounts Receivable from a customer is a credit memo. For eg. The customer could return damaged goods. A debit memo is a transaction that reduces Amounts Payable to a vendor because, you send damaged goods back to your vendor.

    2. Credit memo request is a sales document used in complaints processing to request a credit memo for a customer. If the price calculated for the customer is too high, for example, because the wrong scale prices were used or a discount was forgotten, you can create a credit memo request. The credit memo request is blocked for further processing so that it can be checked. If the request is approved, you can remove the block. The system uses the credit memo request to create a credit memo.

    You can use credit memos in Sales and Distribution (SD) for assigning credit memo requests to the open invoices and in Financial Accounting (FI) for assigning credit memos and payments to the open invoices and carry out clearing with them. If you use both Financial Accounting (FI) and Sales and Distribution (SD), there is a 1:1 relationship between the credit memo request and the credit memo item posted in Financial Accounting (FI). As soon as you bill the credit memo request together with other sales orders, or distribute the items of one credit memo request to several billing documents, the assignment is no longer valid and the system will not process it.

    For credit memos, credit memo requests, and payments, you have the following assignment options:

    - Assignment to a single invoice

    - Assignment of a partial amount to an invoice

    - Assignment to several invoices

    When you post credit memos, the payment programme processes them automatically. If the credit memo is specifically related to a particular open invoice item, the payment program automatically attempts to offset the credit memo against the open item. If it is not possible to completely offset the credit memo against an invoice, you can post a debit memo to the vendor, who is to reimburse the amount. Then you can apply a multilevel dunning program.

    3. Debit memo request is a sales document used in complaints processing to request a debit memo for a customer. If the prices calculated for the customer were too low, for example, calculated with the wrong scaled prices, you can create a debit memo request. The debit memo request can be blocked so that it can be checked. When it has been approved, you can remove the block. It is like a standard order. The system uses the debit memo request to create a debit memo.

    4. As mentioned above, creating a credit or debit memo request enables you to create credit or debit memos based on a complaint. For this first create a sales document with the order type for a credit or debit memo request. You can create the debit or credit memo requests in the following ways:

    u2013 Without reference to an order

    u2013 With reference to an existing order

    Here you enter which order the complaint refers to.

    u2013 With reference to an invoice

    Here you enter which invoice the complaint refers to.

    In all cases, you specify the value or quantity that should be in the credit or debit memo

    5. You can block the credit or debit memo request from being billed in Customizing. Go to Sales -> Sales Documents -> Sales document header -> Define sales document type and select the billing block field in the billing section. This request can later be reviewed along with similar ones, - if necessary, by another department. The request for a credit or debit memo can then be approved or rejected.

    nag

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