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Question regd. SAP Testing

Hello everybody,

I would like to know more about the following testing activities carried out by an SAP SD Functional consultant (or any SAP Consultant) / SAP Tester. Please let me know what the following activities mean and how they are performed... any tools required for these activities?. Kindly clarify.

1) What is bug tracking/issue management systems in SAP and how is it done. Any tools required and if so, what are they?..can bug tracking be done in sap in spreadsheets etc. without using tools?.

2) What is scripting with respect to sap testing and how is it done. where are the scripts written and executed?.

3) How is performance testing done in sap?. Is loadrunner mandatorily used or can performance testing be done without loadrunner?... can performance testing be done manually?..

4) How are test scripts written in sap?... Where are they written and executed?..

5) how is test data created?... please explain in detail.

6) What are the automated testing tools used in sap testing?

7) How is volume testing done in sap?... any tool required?..

8) I have come across few things on the internet like Test Workbench, ECATT and CATT... what are these tools used for in sap testing...and is it mandatory to use these tools in sap testing for those particular tests or what is the alternative?.



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3 Answers

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    Former Member
    Sep 10, 2008 at 01:48 PM

    Hello ,

    Answer to almost all your questions is eCATT ( extended computer aided test tool) its an automated functional testing tool used in SAP to automate the manual test activities.

    Test scripts are written using ABAP. Its a record and play back tool.

    Test data is created from the automated scripts created from this tool.

    Apart from eCATT , QTP is another third party test tool used to automate the Web - based application which happens to be currently the limitation of the eCATT tool.

    Regarding using these tools , inorder to reduce the manual testing.

    Let me know if you need any further details.

    Thanks and Best regards,


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    Former Member
    Sep 18, 2008 at 02:42 AM

    Thanks Ajay for your response and help.



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    Former Member
    Sep 18, 2008 at 03:48 AM


    You can check the following links and you will get lot of your queries solved.

    Following are the high level roles of testing consultants -

    Prepare Test Scripts

    Validate Existing Test Scripts

    Understand the process for which a test script is created

    Create test data basing on the test script specifications

    Document the test results

    Highlight the failure of the test scripts to the concerned module leads (FI, MM, SD,.........)

    If any interfaces are connected to SAP, check with the interface owners if the data sent from SAP is received in the correct format.

    Secure sign off the test script results from the client

    Understanding the business scenarios

    Organization Structure to incorporate the tune of the script.

    Preparation of test scripts

    Execute and record results to see if it is fine before going to approval.

    Make changes to your test script if required.

    One example:

    What is Test Script (Scenario Testing)

    Header Data

    Step in Process

    Transaction Code / Program (FB60)

    Menu Path


    Field Data and actions to complete

    Expected Results

    Actual Results


    Closing Period

    F.19 Clearing GR/IR Account

    F.13 Adjustments GR/IR Account

    Using of these above two accounts will help us in clearing the balances and adjustments to those respective clearing accounts so that the GR/IR account will be zero balance and the balances will appear in respective reconciliation accounts accordingly the balances will be carried forwarded to next fiscal year.

    GR/IR Clears the following Documents

    GL Document

    Customer Documents

    Vendor Documents

    Assignment Field is important in any document (ZUONR), Amount (DMBTR)

    Foreign Currency Valuation

    Lowest Value Method, If we are in loss then only we will account for it.

    GL Accounts which are important in Testing

    Enjoy Transaction - FB50

    Normal Transaction - FB01

    Document Parking - FV50

    Post with Clearing - F-04

    Incoming Payment - F-06

    Outgoing Payment - F-07

    Document Related

    Reset Cleared Items - FBRA

    Parking Document Posting - FBVO

    Reversal Documents - F-14

    Company Code Clearing A/C

    (Trial Balance purposes) reversal - (FBUB)

    Clearing Account

    Partial clearing Invoice - 100 - Open Item

    Paid - 70 - Open Item

    Balance - 30

    In Partial Clearing you can see 100 and 70 are cleared line items and 30 as balance and if it is in Residual you can only 30 as balance as it creates new line item and you canu2019t see the other cleared line items.

    As no company will use residual clearing as it affects on ageing reports.

    Open Items in Foreign Currency in all Modules GL/AP/AR - F.05

    Master Data

    Company Code


    Only Balances in local currencies

    Reconciliation Account Type

    Year End Scripts

    Re Grouping Receivables / Payables - (F101)

    Bad Debts Provisions u2013 Scripts

    We assume that the customer has not paid at the end of the year you doubt whether this receivable will ever be paid. So you make a transfer posting for the receivables to an account for individual value adjustments using special GL Indicator E and Transaction Code F-21

    Carry forward Balances

    Sub Ledgers and General Ledger balances to be forwarded to next Fiscal Year

    Accounts Payables

    Vendor Down Payments




    Outgoing Payments

    Automatic Clearing

    Manual Clearing

    Advance (Down Payment)

    Post with Clearing

    Post without Clearing

    Reset Clearing

    Carry forward


    Foreign Currency Valuations

    Accounts Receivables

    Customer Down Payments




    Incoming Payments

    Manual Clearing

    Advance (Down Payment)

    Post with Clearing

    Post without Clearing

    Reset Clearing

    Carry forward


    Foreign Currency Valuations

    Other than that, it is important to know the following:

    Unit Testing

    When you test every single document is called unit testing.

    String Testing

    One transaction full activity is called string testing . For example Vendor invoice, goods received and vendor payment.

    Integration Testing

    It is purely with other modules and we have to check whether the FI testing is working with other related modules or not.

    Regression Testing

    Testing for whole database. Bring all the data into another server and do the testing is called regression.


    When we test any particular document with the user and if it is ok immediately we have to take the signature on the document, which is signed off and can be forwarded to the immediate boss. There are some steps to be followed when we go for user acceptance testing.

    Transaction u2013 Script Writing u2013 Expected Results u2013 Compare with Actual Results

    TPR (Transaction Problem Reporting)

    While doing the user acceptance testing if we get any problems then there are some methodologies to be followed according to the companyu2019s policy and normally as a tester we always need to write on Test Script itself.

    Hope this helps you.



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