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F4 help in ALV Grid...

Hi,

Can someone tell me how to add an F4 help to an editable field in ALV Grid(editable)...I tried giving the field in the fieldcatalog for F4 help as X and the dropdown button appeared, but the values are not getting displayed. IS there anything else i need to do to get this done.

Thnx.

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4 Answers

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    Former Member
    Aug 20, 2008 at 04:27 AM

    Hi Suzie,

    Please check this link

    editable-field-with-f4-help-in-alv-tree-output-usi

    Best regards,

    raam

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    Former Member
    Aug 20, 2008 at 04:22 AM

    if you are not using the data element for the field 'F4' help won't come. in this situation, use the ONF4 event to build the F4 Help.

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    Former Member
    Aug 20, 2008 at 04:23 AM
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    Former Member
    Aug 20, 2008 at 04:24 AM

    Hi,

    Go through example

    &----


    *& Report ZALV_EDITF4DISPLAY *

    *& *

    &----


    *& Published at SAPTechnical.COM *

    *& *

    &----


    REPORT zalv_editf4display.

    *Type pools for alv

    TYPE-POOLS : slis.

    *structure for t582a tbale

    TYPES : BEGIN OF ty_table,

    infty TYPE infty,

    pnnnn TYPE pnnnn_d,

    zrmkz TYPE dzrmkz,

    zeitb TYPE dzeitb,

    dname TYPE dianm,

    davo TYPE davo,

    davoe TYPE davoe,

    END OF ty_table.

    *Structure for infotype text

    TYPES : BEGIN OF ty_itext,

    infty TYPE infty,

    itext TYPE intxt,

    sprsl TYPE sprsl,

    END OF ty_itext.

    *Structure for output display

    TYPES : BEGIN OF ty_output,

    infty TYPE infty,

    itext TYPE intxt,

    pnnnn TYPE pnnnn_d,

    zrmkz TYPE dzrmkz,

    zeitb TYPE dzeitb,

    dname TYPE dianm,

    davo TYPE davo,

    davoe TYPE davoe,

    END OF ty_output.

    *internal table and work area declarations

    DATA : it_table TYPE STANDARD TABLE OF ty_table INITIAL SIZE 0,

    it_output TYPE STANDARD TABLE OF ty_output INITIAL SIZE 0,

    it_pbo TYPE STANDARD TABLE OF ty_output INITIAL SIZE 0,

    it_ittext TYPE STANDARD TABLE OF ty_itext INITIAL SIZE 0,

    wa_table TYPE ty_table,

    wa_output TYPE ty_output,

    wa_ittext TYPE ty_itext.

    *Data declarations for dropdown lists for f4

    DATA: it_dropdown TYPE lvc_t_drop,

    ty_dropdown TYPE lvc_s_drop,

    *data declaration for refreshing of alv

    stable TYPE lvc_s_stbl.

    *Global variable declaration

    DATA: gstring TYPE c.

    *Data declarations for ALV

    DATA: c_ccont TYPE REF TO cl_gui_custom_container, "Custom container object

    c_alvgd TYPE REF TO cl_gui_alv_grid, "ALV grid object

    it_fcat TYPE lvc_t_fcat, "Field catalogue

    it_layout TYPE lvc_s_layo. "Layout

    *ok code declaration

    DATA:

    ok_code TYPE ui_func.

    *initialization event

    INITIALIZATION.

    *start of selection event

    START-OF-SELECTION.

    *select the infotypes maintained

    SELECT infty

    pnnnn

    zrmkz

    zeitb

    dname

    davo

    davoe

    FROM t582a UP TO 10 ROWS

    INTO CORRESPONDING FIELDS OF TABLE it_table.

    • *Select the infotype texts

    IF it_table[] IS NOT INITIAL.

    SELECT itext

    infty

    sprsl

    FROM t582s

    INTO CORRESPONDING FIELDS OF TABLE it_ittext

    FOR ALL ENTRIES IN it_table

    WHERE infty = it_table-infty

    AND sprsl = 'E'.

    ENDIF.

    *Apppending the data to the internal table of ALV output

    LOOP AT it_table INTO wa_table.

    wa_output-infty = wa_table-infty.

    wa_output-pnnnn = wa_table-pnnnn.

    wa_output-zrmkz = wa_table-zrmkz.

    wa_output-zeitb = wa_table-zeitb.

    wa_output-dname = wa_table-dname.

    wa_output-davo = wa_table-davo.

    wa_output-davoe = wa_table-davoe.

    • For texts

    READ TABLE it_ittext INTO wa_ittext WITH KEY infty = wa_table-infty.

    wa_output-itext = wa_ittext-itext.

    APPEND wa_output TO it_output.

    CLEAR wa_output.

    ENDLOOP.

    • Calling the ALV screen with custom container

    CALL SCREEN 0600.

    *On this statement double click it takes you to the screen painter SE51.

    *Enter the attributes

    *Create a Custom container and name it CCONT and OK code as OK_CODE.

    *Save check and Activate the screen painter.

    *Now a normal screen with number 600 is created which holds the ALV grid.

    • PBO of the actual screen ,

    • Here we can give a title and customized menus

    *create 2 buttons with function code 'SAVE' and 'EXIT'.

    • GIVE A SUITABLE TITLE

    &----


    *& Module STATUS_0600 OUTPUT

    &----


    • text

    ----


    MODULE status_0600 OUTPUT.

    SET PF-STATUS 'DISP'.

    SET TITLEBAR 'ALVF4'.

    ENDMODULE. " STATUS_0600 OUTPUT

    • calling the PBO module ALV_GRID.

    &----


    *& Module PBO OUTPUT

    &----


    • text

    ----


    MODULE pbo OUTPUT.

    *Creating objects of the container

    CREATE OBJECT c_ccont

    EXPORTING

    container_name = 'CCONT'.

    • create object for alv grid

    create object c_alvgd

    exporting

    i_parent = c_ccont.

    • SET field for ALV

    PERFORM alv_build_fieldcat.

    • Set ALV attributes FOR LAYOUT

    PERFORM alv_report_layout.

    CHECK NOT c_alvgd IS INITIAL.

    • Call ALV GRID

    CALL METHOD c_alvgd->set_table_for_first_display

    EXPORTING

    is_layout = it_layout

    i_save = 'A'

    CHANGING

    it_outtab = it_output

    it_fieldcatalog = it_fcat

    EXCEPTIONS

    invalid_parameter_combination = 1

    program_error = 2

    too_many_lines = 3

    OTHERS = 4.

    IF sy-subrc <> 0.

    MESSAGE ID sy-msgid TYPE sy-msgty NUMBER sy-msgno

    WITH sy-msgv1 sy-msgv2 sy-msgv3 sy-msgv4.

    ENDIF.

    ENDMODULE. " PBO OUTPUT

    &----


    *& Form alv_build_fieldcat

    &----


    • text

    ----


    • <--P_IT_FCAT text

    ----


    *subroutine to build fieldcat

    FORM alv_build_fieldcat.

    DATA lv_fldcat TYPE lvc_s_fcat.

    CLEAR lv_fldcat.

    lv_fldcat-row_pos = '1'.

    lv_fldcat-col_pos = '1'.

    lv_fldcat-fieldname = 'INFTY'.

    lv_fldcat-tabname = 'IT_OUTPUT'.

    lv_fldcat-outputlen = 8.

    lv_fldcat-scrtext_m = 'Infotype'.

    lv_fldcat-icon = 'X'.

    APPEND lv_fldcat TO it_fcat.

    CLEAR lv_fldcat.

    lv_fldcat-row_pos = '1'.

    lv_fldcat-col_pos = '2'.

    lv_fldcat-fieldname = 'PNNNN'.

    lv_fldcat-tabname = 'IT_OUTPUT'.

    lv_fldcat-outputlen = 15.

    lv_fldcat-scrtext_m = 'Structure'.

    lv_fldcat-icon = ''.

    APPEND lv_fldcat TO it_fcat.

    CLEAR lv_fldcat.

    lv_fldcat-row_pos = '1'.

    lv_fldcat-col_pos = '3'.

    lv_fldcat-fieldname = 'ITEXT'.

    lv_fldcat-tabname = 'IT_OUTPUT'.

    lv_fldcat-outputlen = 60.

    lv_fldcat-scrtext_m = 'Description'.

    lv_fldcat-icon = ''.

    APPEND lv_fldcat TO it_fcat.

    CLEAR lv_fldcat.

    lv_fldcat-row_pos = '1'.

    lv_fldcat-col_pos = '5'.

    lv_fldcat-fieldname = 'ZRMKZ'.

    lv_fldcat-tabname = 'IT_OUTPUT'.

    lv_fldcat-outputlen = 1.

    lv_fldcat-scrtext_m = 'PERIOD'.

    lv_fldcat-icon = ''.

    APPEND lv_fldcat TO it_fcat.

    CLEAR lv_fldcat.

    lv_fldcat-row_pos = '1'.

    lv_fldcat-col_pos = '6'.

    lv_fldcat-fieldname = 'ZEITB'.

    lv_fldcat-tabname = 'IT_OUTPUT'.

    lv_fldcat-outputlen = 5.

    lv_fldcat-scrtext_m = 'Time constraint'.

    lv_fldcat-edit = 'X'.

    *To avail the existing F4 help these are to

    *be given in the field catalogue

    lv_fldcat-f4availabl = 'X'.

    lv_fldcat-ref_table = 'T582A'.

    lv_fldcat-ref_field = 'ZEITB'.

    APPEND lv_fldcat TO it_fcat.

    CLEAR lv_fldcat.

    lv_fldcat-row_pos = '1'.

    lv_fldcat-col_pos = '7'.

    lv_fldcat-fieldname = 'DNAME'.

    lv_fldcat-tabname = 'IT_OUTPUT'.

    lv_fldcat-outputlen = 15.

    lv_fldcat-scrtext_m = 'Dialogmodule'.

    lv_fldcat-icon = ''.

    APPEND lv_fldcat TO it_fcat.

    CLEAR lv_fldcat.

    lv_fldcat-row_pos = '1'.

    lv_fldcat-col_pos = '8'.

    lv_fldcat-fieldname = 'DAVO'.

    lv_fldcat-tabname = 'IT_OUTPUT'.

    lv_fldcat-outputlen = 15.

    lv_fldcat-scrtext_m = 'Start'.

    lv_fldcat-edit = 'X'.

    APPEND lv_fldcat TO it_fcat.

    CLEAR lv_fldcat.

    lv_fldcat-row_pos = '1'.

    lv_fldcat-col_pos = '9'.

    lv_fldcat-fieldname = 'DAVOE'.

    lv_fldcat-tabname = 'IT_OUTPUT'.

    lv_fldcat-outputlen = 15.

    lv_fldcat-scrtext_m = 'End'.

    lv_fldcat-icon = ''.

    APPEND lv_fldcat TO it_fcat.

    CLEAR lv_fldcat.

    *To create drop down for the field 'DAVO'

    • with our own f4 help

    ty_dropdown-handle = '1'.

    ty_dropdown-value = ' '.

    APPEND ty_dropdown TO it_dropdown.

    ty_dropdown-handle = '1'.

    ty_dropdown-value = '1'.

    APPEND ty_dropdown TO it_dropdown.

    ty_dropdown-handle = '1'.

    ty_dropdown-value = '2'.

    APPEND ty_dropdown TO it_dropdown.

    ty_dropdown-handle = '1'.

    ty_dropdown-value = '3'.

    APPEND ty_dropdown TO it_dropdown.

    CALL METHOD c_alvgd->set_drop_down_table

    EXPORTING

    it_drop_down = it_dropdown.

    LOOP AT it_fcat INTO lv_fldcat.

    CASE lv_fldcat-fieldname.

    • To assign dropdown in the fieldcataogue

    WHEN 'DAVO'.

    lv_fldcat-drdn_hndl = '1'.

    lv_fldcat-outputlen = 15.

    MODIFY it_fcat FROM lv_fldcat.

    ENDCASE.

    ENDLOOP.

    ENDFORM. " alv_build_fieldcat

    &----


    *& Form alv_report_layout

    &----


    • text

    ----


    • <--P_IT_LAYOUT text

    ----


    *Subroutine for setting alv layout

    FORM alv_report_layout.

    it_layout-cwidth_opt = 'X'.

    it_layout-col_opt = 'X'.

    it_layout-zebra = 'X'.

    ENDFORM. " alv_report_layout

    • PAI module of the screen created. In case we use an interactive ALV or

    *for additional functionalities we can create OK codes

    *and based on the user command we can do the coding.

    &----


    *& Module PAI INPUT

    &----


    • text

    ----


    MODULE pai INPUT.

    *To change the existing values and refresh the grid

    *And only values in the dropdown or in the default

    *F4 can be given , else no action takes place for the dropdown

    *and error is thrown for the default F4 help and font changes to red

    *and on still saving, value is not changed

    c_alvgd->check_changed_data( ).

    *Based on the user input

    *When user clicks 'SAVE;

    CASE ok_code.

    WHEN 'SAVE'.

    *A pop up is called to confirm the saving of changed data

    CALL FUNCTION 'POPUP_TO_CONFIRM'

    EXPORTING

    titlebar = 'SAVING DATA'

    text_question = 'Continue?'

    icon_button_1 = 'icon_booking_ok'

    IMPORTING

    answer = gstring

    EXCEPTIONS

    text_not_found = 1

    OTHERS = 2.

    IF sy-subrc NE 0.

    • MESSAGE ID SY-MSGID TYPE SY-MSGTY NUMBER SY-MSGNO

    • WITH SY-MSGV1 SY-MSGV2 SY-MSGV3 SY-MSGV4.

    ENDIF.

    *When the User clicks 'YES'

    IF ( gstring = '1' ).

    MESSAGE 'Saved' TYPE 'S'.

    *Now the changed data is stored in the it_pbo internal table

    it_pbo = it_output.

    *Subroutine to display the ALV with changed data.

    PERFORM redisplay.

    ELSE.

    *When user clicks NO or Cancel

    MESSAGE 'Not Saved' TYPE 'S'.

    ENDIF.

    **When the user clicks the 'EXIT; he is out

    WHEN 'EXIT'.

    LEAVE PROGRAM.

    ENDCASE.

    CLEAR: ok_code.

    ENDMODULE. " PAI INPUT

    &----


    *& Form REDISPLAY

    &----


    • text

    ----


    • --> p1 text

    • <-- p2 text

    ----


    FORM redisplay .

    *Cells of the alv are made non editable after entering OK to save

    CALL METHOD c_alvgd->set_ready_for_input

    EXPORTING

    i_ready_for_input = 0.

    *Row and column of the alv are refreshed after changing values

    stable-row = 'X'.

    stable-col = 'X'.

    *REfreshed ALV display with the changed values

    *This ALV is non editable and contains new values

    CALL METHOD c_alvgd->refresh_table_display

    EXPORTING

    is_stable = stable

    EXCEPTIONS

    finished = 1

    OTHERS = 2.

    IF sy-subrc <> 0.

    • MESSAGE ID SY-MSGID TYPE SY-MSGTY NUMBER SY-MSGNO

    • WITH SY-MSGV1 SY-MSGV2 SY-MSGV3 SY-MSGV4.

    ENDIF.

    ENDFORM. " REDISPLAY

    Regards,

    vijetha.

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