Skip to Content
avatar image
Former Member

Organisational structure --- Mapping

Hello dear Experts ...... This is venkat charan a new commer to SAP SD .

My question is..... how to MAP organisation structure in REAL TIME? What r the steps involved in this ? please help me ?

Add comment
10|10000 characters needed characters exceeded

  • Get RSS Feed

2 Answers

  • avatar image
    Former Member
    Jul 29, 2008 at 05:25 PM

    Hi Venkat Chanran,

    Please find the details below.

    Client:

    Client is an environment where we are working. A client is an organisation term it is an independent unit in the system, each unit consist of own environment and there fore its has own master data or transaction data assigned ,user master records and chart of accounts.

    Master data:

    The data, which is the basis for all the SD processing.

    Type of Master Data:

    1.Organizational data: this is the structure of the company where by each business is represented by a hierarchical element.

    2. Customer master data: the data where all data regarding customer and material are stored.

    3. Documents: the business transaction is stored in the documents.

    4. Global Settings: it is one in which we define country keys and currencies.

    Company code:

    Legal entity and an independent accounting unit at company code level, where we create balance sheet and profit and loss accounts.

    Sales organization:

    An organizational unit that sells and distributes products, negotiates terms of sale, and is responsible for these transactions.

    Distribution channel:

    Channel through which materials or services reach customers. Typical distribution channels include wholesale, retail and direct sales. You can assign a distribution channel to one or more sales organizations.

    Division:

    Product groups can be defined for a wide-ranging spectrum of products. For every division you can make customer-specific agreements on, for example, partial deliveries, pricing and terms of payment. Within a division you can carry out statistical analyses or set up separate marketing.

    Sales area:

    Combination of Sales organisation, Distribution Channel, and division.

    Sales Office.

    Geographical aspects of the organization in business development and sales are defined using the term sales office. A sales office can be considered as a subsidiary.

    Sales offices are assigned to sales areas. If you enter a sales order for a sales office within a certain sales area, the sales office must be assigned to that area.

    Sales Group.

    The staff of a sales office may be subdivided into sales groups. For example, sales groups can be defined for individual divisions.

    Salespersons.

    Individual personnel master records are used to manage data about salespersons. You can assign a sales person to a sales group in the personnel master record.

    Plant:

    A plant is a place where either material are produced or goods and services provided.

    Storage location:

    Where we store the material.

    Shipping point:

    It is a physical location where we load the goods in order to deliver.

    Loading point:

    It is a point where we load and unload the material by means of equipments.

    Business Area.

    A unit in an enterprise, grouping product and market combinations as homogeneously as possible for the purpose of developing unified business policy.

    Financial Accounting (FI).

    A business area is an organizational unit within financial accounting which represents a separate area of operations or responsibilities within an organization.

    The system posts costs and revenue according to the business area.

    The business area can be Assigned to the:

    sales area (if the accounts are to be posted according to sales)

    plant/division (if the accounts are to be posted according to products)

    Financial accounting transactions can be allocated to a specific business area.

    Credit control area.

    Organizational unit in an organization that specifies and checks credit limits for customers. A credit control area can include one or more company codes. It is not possible to assign a company code to more than one credit control areas.

    ENTERPRISE STRUCTURE

    STEP 1: DEFINE COMPANY

    MENU PATH: IMG u2013 ENTERPRICE STRUCTURE

    FINANCIAL ACCOUNTING u2013 DEFINATION u2013 DEFINE COMPANY T.C: SPRO

    Select the line 1000 and go for details and then click copy, enter the company details and save it. (ctrl s)

    step 2: edit copy check delete company code

    select the line 1000 go for details and then say copy , fill the details of company code. Then a address screen appears and fill the details .

    then save it.

    Now go for the next option

    We will fine the below screen and click copy button

    Press enter

    Say yes

    Say yes

    for the remaining screen say yes to all , now the system will copy the table to your company code.

    After copying below screen u will see and the say transport

    In below screen u enter u r company code.

    the above screen u will see is the transport request screen

    Step 2: logistic general

    We will get the below screen enter the details of the plant and also fill the address details of the plants and save it

    then save it

    DEFINE DIVISION:

    HERE GO FOR NEW ENTRIES DIRECTLY BECAUSE NO DETAILS ICON IS THEIR.

    SALES AND DISTRIBUTION

    ENTER ALL THE DETAILS AND SAVE

    2. DISTRIBUTION CHANNEL

    GO FOR MENU PATH . DEFINE DISTRIBUTION CHANNEL

    THEN SAVE IT

    DEFINE SALES OFFICE:

    MATERIAL MANAGEMENT

    THIS IS NOT OUR CONFIGURATION; THIS IS THE PART OF MM CONSULTANT.

    DEFINE STORAGE LOCATION

    LOGISTIC EXECUTION:

    DEFINE SHIPPING POINT

    HERE ALSO THE SAME PROCEDURE ,

    Select the line 1000 go for details and say copy. Enter the details of shipping point and save it.

    The above are the definition part, now we have to link the organizational elements. The linking can be configured with the help of menu path: Img - enterprise structure - assignment

    Note: what we have defined in respective module, the same we have to assign with respect to the module.

    ASSIGNMENTS:

    1. FINANICIAL ACCOUNTING:

    ASSIGN COMPANY CODE TO COMPANY:

    THEN SAVE IT.

    LOGISTIC GENERAL

    1. ASSIGN PLANT TO COMPANY CODE:

    GO FOR THE COMPANY CODE AND HIGHLIGHT IT, NOW CLICK ASSIGN THEN SELECT THE PLANT IN THE POP UP SCEEN AND PRESS OK, WE HAVE TO GET THE BELOW SCREEN

    NOTE : BUSINESS AREA CONCEPT IS VERY IMPORTANT.

    SALES AND DISTRIBUTION ASSIGNMENTS

    1. ASSIGN SALES ORGANISATION TO COMPANY CODE T.Code : OVX2

    2. ASSIGN DISTRIBUTION CHANNEL TO SALES ORGANISATION

    T.CODE: OVXK

    3. ASSIGN DIVISION TO SALES ORGANISATION

    T.CODE: OVXA

    4. SET UP SALES AREA:

    T.CODE : OVXG

    5. ASSIGN SALES OFFICE TO SALES AREA

    6.ASSIGN SALES ORGANISATION u2013 DISTRIBUTION CHANNEL u2013 PLANT

    T.CODE : OVX6

    NO MATERIAL MANAGEMENT ASSIGNMENT OF STORAGE LOCATION

    WHY BECAUSE WE HAVE ALREADY MAINTAINED IN THE PLANT, SO IT IS AN ASSIGNMENT.

    LOGISTIC EXECUTION

    ASSIGN SHIPPING POINT TO PLANT:

    NOW OUR ENTERPRISE STRUCTURE IS READY

    Result :

    Go for Img u2013 enterprise structure u2013 definition u2013 define company u2013 edit copy check delete company code u2013 structure u2013 navigation u2013 double click your created company code. T. code: EC01

    Please Reward If Really Helpful,

    Thanks and Regards,

    Sateesh.Kandula

    Add comment
    10|10000 characters needed characters exceeded

  • avatar image
    Former Member
    Jul 30, 2008 at 05:44 AM

    Enterprise Structure:

    1. Maintaining Sales Organization

    Sales Organization is an organizational unit responsible for the sale of certain products or services.

    IMG -> Enterprise Structure -> Definition -> Sales and Distribution -> Define, copy, delete, check Sales organization

    2. Assigning Sales Organization to Company Code

    This assignment ensures all the sales made through this Sales Organization are accounted for in the assigned Company Code (Company Code is created by FI Consultant).

    IMG -> Enterprise Structure -> Assignment -> Sales and Distribution -> Assign Sales Organziation to Company Code

    3. Maintaining Distribution Channel

    Distribution Channel is the way, in which Products or Services reach Customers.

    IMG -> Enterprise Structure -> Definition -> Sales and Distribution -> Define, copy, delete, check distribution channel

    4. Assigning Distribution Channel to Sales Organization

    This assignment ensures, a Sales Organization can supply Materials to Customers through this Distribution Channel.

    IMG -> Enterprise Structure -> Assignment -> Sales and Distribution > Assign distribution channel to sales organization

    5. Maintaining Division

    Division is a way of grouping materials, products, or services.

    IMG -> Enterprise Structure -> Definition -> Logistics - General -> Define, copy, delete, check division

    6. Assigning Division to Sales Organization

    IMG -> Enterprise Structure -> Assignment -> Sales and Distribution -> Assign division to sales organization

    7. Setting up Sales Area

    All the sales are made from a particular sales Area. For creating a Sales Order Sales Area is compulsory.

    IMG ->Enterprise Structure -> Assignment -> Sales and Distribution -> Set up sales area

    8. Assigning Sales Organization- Distribution Channel- Plant

    Plant is created ny MM Consultant.

    IMG -> Enterprise Structure -> Assignment -> Sales and Distribution -> Assign sales organization - distribution channel - plant

    9. Define Shipping Points

    Shipping Point is the Organizational element, which is responsible for shipping the Materials to the Customers.

    IMG -> Enterprise Structure -> Definition -> Logistics Execution -> Define, copy, delete, check shipping point

    10 Assigning Shipping Point to Plant

    This assignment ensures that goods from different Plant can be dispatched from different Shipping Points.

    IMG -> Enterprise Structure -> Assignment -> Logistics Execution -> Assign shipping point to plant

    Note: Ensure to do the undermentioned configuration also though it is not in Customizing node of Enterprise Structure.

    11. Defining Common Distribution Channels for Master Data

    Use

    The purpose of this activity is to define distribution channels which have common master data..

    Procedure

    Access the activity using one of the following navigation options:

    IMG Menu -> Sales and Distribution -> Master Data -> Define Common Distribution Channels

    Transaction Code: VOR1

    12. Defining Common Divisions for Master DataUse

    The purpose of this activity is to define distribution channels which have common master data..

    Procedure

    Access the activity using one of the following navigation options:

    IMG Menu -> Sales and Distribution -> Master Data -> Define Common Division

    Transaction Code: VOR2

    Regards,

    Rajesh Banka

    Add comment
    10|10000 characters needed characters exceeded