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regarding sd/mm flow

hi guys...

i want to know functional flow of sd.mm

keep on searching in blogs regarding sd/mm flow....

but i cant find exact blogs....

any one please help me....

because i want to learn sd/mm flow through blogs which has some screen shots etc.....

which is very helpful to me.....

seeking forward yrs reply...

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  • avatar image
    Former Member
    Apr 17, 2008 at 02:38 AM

    Hi,

    SD FLOW

    SD Flow Cycle:

    INQUIRY ( VA11)

    QUOTATION (VA21)

    PURCHASE ORDER (ME21)

    ORDER CONFIRMATION (VA01)

    PICKING LIST – (VL36)

    PACKING LIST - (VL02, VL01)

    SHIPPING – (VT01)

    INVOICE – (VF21, VF01)

    AR

    Enquiry - Customer enquires about the Products services that were sold by a company - VA11

    Quotation - Company Gives a Quotation for the products and Services to a Customer

    Sales Order - Customer gives a Purchase order to the company agaionst which a Sales order will be raised to Customer in SAP.

    VBAK: Sales Document(Header Data) (VBELN)

    VBAP: Sales Document(Item Data) (VBELN,POSNR,MATNR,ARKTX,CHARG)

    Enquiry, Quotation, Sales Order are differentiated based on Doc.

    Type(VBTYP field) in VBAK,VBAP Tables( for Enquiry VBTYP = A,

    for Quotation 'B' & for Order it is 'C'.)

    Delivery(Picking, Packing, Post Goods Issue and Shipment)->

    Company sends the material after picking it from Godown and Packing it in a Handling Unit(box) and Issues the goods

    LIKP: Delivery Table (Header Data)(VBELN,LFART,KUNNR,WADAT,INCO1)

    LIPS: Delivery Table (Item Data)(VBELN,POSNR,WERKS,LGORT,MATNR,VGBEL)

    (LIPS-VGBEL = VBAK-VBELN, LIPS-VGPOS = VBAP-POSNR)

    Billing - Also company bills to the customer for those deliveries

    And in FI against this billing Accounting doc is created.

    VBRK: Billing Table(Header Data)(VBELN,FKART,BELNR)

    VBRP: Billing Table(Item Data)(VBELN,POSNR,FKIMG,NETWR,VGBEL,VGPOS)

    (VBRP-AUBEL = VBAK-VBELN, VBRP-VGBEL = LIKP-VBELN)

    Apart from these tables there are lot of other tables which starts with

    ‘V’, but we use the following tables frequently.

    MM Cycle:

    Purchase Requisition-> STaff in an orgn places Pur requisition for want of some goods/products - ME51

    Request for Quotation(RFQ)-> The Purchase dept in the orgn calls/requests for the quotation for the products against which PR was raised. - ME41

    Vendor Evaluation->After receving the RFQ's, after comparison a Vendor is finalised based on the terms and conditions.

    Purchase Order(PO)-> Pur order was issued to that vendor asking him to supply the goods/products -ME21N

    Goods Receipt Note(GRN)->Vendor supplies the material/Products to the orgn-

    MB01

    Goods Issue (GI) -> People receives their respective itesm for which they have placed the Requisitions

    Invoice Verification-> ALong with the Material Vendor submits a Invoice for which the Company Pays the amount - .MIRO

    Data to FI -> data will be posted to FI as per the vendor invoices

    you better go through all these links u will get all the info what ever u need

    for sd

    http://www.sapgenie.com/abap/tables_sd.htm

    Please check this SD online documents.

    http://help.sap.com/printdocu/core/Print46c/en/data/pdf/CAARCSD/CAARCSD.pdf

    http://help.sap.com/printdocu/core/Print46c/en/data/pdf/MYSAP/SR_SD.pdf

    http://help.sap.com/printdocu/core/Print46c/en/data/pdf/BCBMTWFMSD/BCBMTWFMSD.pdf

    http://help.sap.com/printdocu/core/Print46c/en/data/pdf/LOLISPLN/LOLISPLN.pdf

    Also please check this SD links as well.

    http://help.sap.com/saphelp_47x200/helpdata/en/92/df293581dc1f79e10000009b38f889/frameset.htm

    http://help.sap.com/saphelp_erp2005/helpdata/en/dd/55f33e545a11d1a7020000e829fd11/frameset.htm

    http://www.sap-basis-abap.com/sapsd.htm

    http://www.sap-img.com/sap-sd.htm

    http://www.sapgenie.com/abap/tables_sd.htm

    http://searchsap.techtarget.com/featuredTopic/0,290042,sid21_gci961718,00.html

    http://www.sapbrain.com/TUTORIALS/FUNCTIONAL/SD_tutorial.html

    All help ebooks are in PDF format here

    http://www.easymarketplace.de/online-pdfs.php

    MM Process flow:

    The typical procurement cycle for a service or material consists of the following phases:

    1. Determination of Requirements

    Materials requirements are identified either in the user departments or via materials planning and control. (This can cover both MRP proper and the demand-based approach to inventory control. The regular checking of stock levels of materials defined by master records, use of the order-point method, and forecasting on the basis of past usage are important aspects of the latter.) You can enter purchase requisitions yourself, or they can be generated automatically by the materials planning and control system.

    2. Source Determination

    The Purchasing component helps you identify potential sources of supply based on past orders and existing longer-term purchase agreements. This speeds the process of creating requests for quotation (RFQs), which can be sent to vendors electronically via SAP EDI, if desired.

    3. Vendor Selection and Comparison of Quotations

    The system is capable of simulating pricing scenarios, allowing you to compare a number of different quotations. Rejection letters can be sent automatically.

    4. Purchase Order Processing

    The Purchasing system adopts information from the requisition and the quotation to help you create a purchase order. As with purchase requisitions, you can generate Pos yourself or have the system generate them automatically. Vendor scheduling agreements and contracts (in the SAP System, types of longer-term purchase agreement) are also supported.

    5. Purchase Order Follow-Up

    The system checks the reminder periods you have specified and - if necessary - automatically prints reminders or expediters at the predefined intervals. It also provides you with an up-to-date status of all purchase requisitions, quotations, and purchase orders.

    6. Goods Receiving and Inventory Management

    Goods Receiving personnel can confirm the receipt of goods simply by entering the Po number. By specifying permissible tolerances, buyers can limit over- and underdeliveries of ordered goods.

    7. Invoice Verification

    The system supports the checking and matching of invoices. The accounts payable clerk is notified of quantity and price variances because the system has access to PO and goods receipt data. This speeds the process of auditing and clearing invoices for payment.

    Common Tables used by SAP MM:

    Below are few important Common Tables used in Materials Management Modules:

    EINA Purchasing Info Record- General Data

    EINE Purchasing Info Record- Purchasing Organization Data

    MAKT Material Descriptions

    MARA General Material Data

    MARC Plant Data for Material

    MARD Storage Location Data for Material

    MAST Material to BOM Link

    MBEW Material Valuation

    MKPF Header- Material Document

    MSEG Document Segment- Material

    MVER Material Consumption

    MVKE Sales Data for materials

    RKPF Document Header- Reservation

    T023 Mat. groups

    T024 Purchasing Groups

    T156 Movement Type

    T157H Help Texts for Movement Types

    MOFF Lists what views have not been created

    A501 Plant/Material

    EBAN Purchase Requisition

    EBKN Purchase Requisition Account Assignment

    EKAB Release Documentation

    EKBE History per Purchasing Document

    EKET Scheduling Agreement Schedule Lines

    EKKN Account Assignment in Purchasing Document

    EKKO Purchasing Document Header

    EKPO Purchasing Document Item

    IKPF Header- Physical Inventory Document

    ISEG Physical Inventory Document Items

    LFA1 Vendor Master (General section)

    LFB1 Vendor Master (Company Code)

    NRIV Number range intervals

    RESB Reservation/dependent requirements

    T161T Texts for Purchasing Document Types

    Transaction Codes:

    RFQ to Vendor - ME41

    Raising Quotation - ME47

    Comparison of Price - ME49

    Creation of PO - ME21N

    Goods Receipt - MIGO

    Invoice (Bill PAssing) - MIRO

    Goods Issue - MB1A

    Physical Inventory - MI01( Create doc)

    MI04 (Enter Count)

    MI07 (Post)

    Also please check this links.

    http://www.sapgenie.com/sapfunc/mm.htm

    http://www.sap-basis-abap.com/sapmm.htm

    for mm

    http://www.sapgenie.com/abap/tables_mm.htm

    http://www.sap-img.com/sap-download/sap-tables.zip

    http://www.allsaplinks.com/material_management.html

    http://www.training-classes.com/course_hierarchy/courses/2614_SAP_R_3_MM_Invoice_Verification_-_Rel_4_x.php

    http://www.sapfriends.com/sapstuff.html

    http://help.sap.com/printdocu/core/Print46c/en/data/pdf/PSMAT/PSMAT.pdf

    http://help.sap.com/printdocu/core/Print46c/en/data/pdf/CAARCMM/CAARCMM.pdf

    http://help.sap.com/printdocu/core/Print46c/en/data/pdf/MYSAP/SR_MM.pdf

    http://help.sap.com/printdocu/core/Print46c/en/data/pdf/LOMDMM/LOMDMM.pdf

    http://help.sap.com/printdocu/core/Print46c/en/data/pdf/BCBMTWFMMM/BCBMTWFMMM.pdf

    http://help.sap.com/printdocu/core/Print46c/en/data/pdf/MMIVMVAL/MMIVMVAL.pdf

    http://help.sap.com/printdocu/core/Print46c/en/data/pdf/MMWMLVS/MMWMLVS.pdf

    http://help.sap.com/printdocu/core/Print46c/en/data/pdf/MMISVE/MMISVE.pdf

    Link Between SAP SD, MM & FI

    The link between SD and MM :-

    1. When you create sales order in SD, all the details of the items are copied from Material master of MM.

    2. MRP and availibility check related data is also taken from MM although you control this data in SD also.

    3. While you create inbound/outbound delivery with reference to a sales order,the shipping point determination takes place with the help of the loading group, plant data, shipping conditions etc. This also refers to Material Master.

    4. The material which you are entering in a sales order must be extended to the sales area of your sales order/customer otherwise you cannot transact with this material.

    There are many such links between SD and MM.

    Now the link between SD and FI :-

    1. Whenever you create a delivery with reference to a sales order, goods movement takes place in the bacgground. eg. In case of standard sales order, you create an outbound goods delivery to the customer.

    Here movement 601 takes place. This movement is configured in MM. Also, this movement hits some G/L account in FI. Every such movement of good s hits some G/L account.

    2. The accounts posting in FI is done with reference to the billing documents (invoice, debit note, credit note etc) created in SD. Thus this is a link between SD and FI

    3. Tax determination: In case of a tax determination also, there is a direct link between SD and MM

    SD Integration points with other modules

    SD module is highly integrated with the other modules in SAP.

    Sales Order –

    Integration Points Module

    •Availability Check - MM

    •Credit Check - FI

    •Costing - CO/ MM

    •Tax Determination - FI

    •Transfer of Requirements - PP/ MM

    Delivery & Goods Issue –

    Integration Points Module

    •Availability Check - MM

    •Credit Check - FI

    •Reduces stock - MM

    •Reduces Inventory $ - FI/ CO

    •Requirement Eliminated - PP/ MM

    Billing -

    Integration Points Module

    •Debit A/R - FI/ CO

    •Credit Revenue - FI/ CO

    •Updates G/ L - FI/ CO

    (Tax, discounts, surcharges, etc.)

    •Milestone Billing - PS

    Return Delivery & Credit Memo -

    Integration Points Module

    •Increases Inventory - MM

    •Updates G/ L - FI

    •Credit Memo - FI

    •Adjustment to A/R - FI

    •Reduces Revenue - FI

    SD Transaction Code Flow:

    Inquiry / Document type IN

    Tcode for creation VA11,VA12,VA13. tables VBAK,VBAP

    Quotation / QT

    Tcode for creation VA21,VA22,VA23. tables VBAK,VBAP

    Sales Order OR

    Tcode for creation VA01,VA02,VA03. tables VBAK,VBAP

    Delivery LF

    Tcode for creation VL01,VL02,VL03. tables LIKP,LIPS

    Billing F2

    Tcode for creation VF01,VF02,VF03. tables VBRK,VBRP

    Configuration:

    Normal Sales Order Cycle:-

    Step 1: Sales Document Type

    IMG > Sales and Distribution > Sales > Sales Documents >

    Sales Document Header:

    1. Sales Document Type:The sales document types represent the different business transactions, such as Inquiry, Quotation, Sales Order, etc. To create new sales order type, always copy as with reference to similar sales order. If possible use standard sales order.

    2. Define Number Ranges For Sales Documents: Maintain number range with discussion with core team.

    3. Assign Sales Area To Sales Document Types:

    A. Combine sales organizations / Combine distribution channels / Combine divisions: Ensure to maintain these, else Sales Order creation will give error.

    B. Assign sales order types permitted for sales areas: Assign only required Sales Order Types to required Sales Area. This will minimize selection of Sales Order Type as per sales area.

    Sales Document Item:

    1. Define Item Categories: If possible use Standard Item Category. Incase if required to create new, copy as from standard & maintain New.

    2. Assign Item Categories: If possible, use standard. Formula for deriving item category: Sales Document Type + Item Category Group + Usage + Higher Level Item Category = Item Category

    Schedule Line:

    1. Define Schedule Line Categories: If possible use Standard Schedule Lines. Incase if required to create new, copy as from standard & maintain New.

    2. Assign Schedule Line Categories: If possible, use standard. Formula for deriving Schedule Line: Item Category + MRP Type / No MRP Type.

    Step 2:

    IMG > Logistic Execution > Shipping > Deliveries >

    1. Define Delivery Types: If possible use Standard Delivery Type. Incase if required to create new, copy as from standard & maintain New.

    2. Define Item Categories for Deliveries: If possible use Standard Item Categories for Delivery Type. Incase if required to create new, copy as from standard & maintain New.

    3. Define Number Ranges for Deliveries: Ensure to maintain number range.

    Step 3:

    IMG > Sales and Distribution > Billing >

    1. Define Billing Types: If possible use Standard Billing Type. Incase if required to create new, copy as from standard & maintain New.

    2. Define Number Range For Billing Documents: Ensure to maintain number range.

    3. Maintain Copying Control For Billing Documents: Maintain relevant copy controls such as Sales Order to Billing, Deliver to Billing, etc.

    Note: Ensure that Copy Control settings are done

    Sales Order to Sales Order (QT --> OR): VTAA

    Sales Order to Delivery (OR --> LF): VTLA

    Sales Order to Billing (OR --> F1): VTFA

    Delivery to Billing(LF --> F2): VTFL

    Billing to Sales Order (F2 --> RE): VTAF

    The configuration differs from scenario to scenario & requirement of the client.

    Reward points if useful

    raam

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  • avatar image
    Former Member
    Apr 17, 2008 at 02:39 AM

    Hi,

    SAP Sales and Distribution Processing Document Flow

    Document Flow in Sales

    The sales documents you create are individual documents but they can also form part of a chain of inter-related documents. For example, you may record a customer’s telephone inquiry in the system. The customer next requests a quotation, which you then create by referring to the inquiry. The customer later places an order on the basis of the quotation and you create a sales order with reference to the quotation. You ship the goods and bill the customer. After delivery of the goods, the customer claims credit for some damaged goods and you create a free-of-charge delivery with reference to the sales order. The entire chain of documents – the inquiry, the quotation, the sales order, the delivery, the invoice, and the subsequent delivery free of charge – creates a document flow or history. The flow of data from one document into another reduces manual activity and makes problem resolution easier. Inquiry and quotation management in the Sales Information System help you to plan and control your sales.

    SD flow

    Enquirey VA11

    Qutataion VA21

    sales order processing VA01

    delivery VF01

    billing VL01

    MM flow:

    purchase requstion ME51

    request for quatation ME41

    quatation from differnt vendors ME47

    price comparision ME49

    purchase order send to vendors ME22

    goods reciepts MIGO

    logistic invoice verification MIRO

    1. Determination of Requirements

    Materials requirements are identified either in the user departments or via materials planning and control. (This can cover both MRP proper and the demand-based approach to inventory control. The regular checking of stock levels of materials defined by master records, use of the order-point method, and forecasting on the basis of past usage are important aspects of the latter.) You can enter purchase requisitions yourself, or they can be generated automatically by the materials planning and control system.

    2. Source Determination

    The Purchasing component helps you identify potential sources of supply based on past orders and existing longer-term purchase agreements. This speeds the process of creating requests for quotation (RFQs), which can be sent to vendors electronically via SAP EDI, if desired.

    3. Vendor Selection and Comparison of Quotations

    The system is capable of simulating pricing scenarios, allowing you to compare a number of different quotations. Rejection letters can be sent automatically.

    4. Purchase Order Processing

    The Purchasing system adopts information from the requisition and the quotation to help you create a purchase order. As with purchase requisitions, you can generate Pos yourself or have the system generate them automatically. Vendor scheduling agreements and contracts (in the SAP System, types of longer-term purchase agreement) are also supported.

    5. Purchase Order Follow-Up

    The system checks the reminder periods you have specified and - if necessary - automatically prints reminders or expediters at the predefined intervals. It also provides you with an up-to-date status of all purchase requisitions, quotations, and purchase orders.

    6. Goods Receiving and Inventory Management

    Goods Receiving personnel can confirm the receipt of goods simply by entering the Po number. By specifying permissible tolerances, buyers can limit over- and under deliveries of ordered goods.

    7. Invoice Verification

    The system supports the checking and matching of invoices. The accounts payable clerk is notified of quantity and price variances because the system has access to PO and goods receipt data. This speeds the process of auditing and clearing invoices for payment.

    Or check these links...

    http://www.sap-basis-abap.com/mm/sap-mm-tables-link.htm

    http://www.sapgenie.com/abap/tables_sd.htm

    http://www.sapgenie.com/sapfunc/mm.htm

    Reward points if useful....

    Regards

    AK

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