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user exit

hello everybody

pls tell me the procedure for create the user exit and change the in field exit.

thanks.

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3 Answers

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    Former Member
    Feb 29, 2008 at 08:06 AM

    Hi,

    User exits (Function module exits) are exits developed by SAP. The exit is implementerd as a call to a function module. The code for the function module is written by the developer. You are not writing the code directly in the function module, but in the include that is implemented in the function module.

    The naming standard of function modules for functionmodule exits is:

    EXIT_<program name><3 digit suffix>

    The call to a functionmodule exit is implemented as:

    CALL CUSTOMER.-FUNCTION <3 digit suffix>

    To find a Exit.

    Goto Transaction -- Find The Package

    SMOD >f4 >Use the Package here to Find the Exits In the Package.

    Else if you Want to search by Application Area wise ,

    There is one more tab to find the Exits in the Respective Application Area.

    Implementing the Exit-- CMOD Create Projects Assgn your Component .

    Now Run ur Transaction to Check if it Triggers.

    Thats it..

    Suppose you need to find out all the user exits related to a tcode.

    1. Execute the Tcode.

    2. Open the SAP program.

    3. Get the Development Class.

    4. Execute Tcode SE84.

    5. Open the Node 'Envir. -> Exit Techniques -> 'Customer Exits -> Enhancements'

    6. Enter the Development class and execute.

    Check out this thread..

    1. Type the transaction : system->status-> <PROG. NAME>

    2 open SE37 , type EXIT<PROG NAME> and press F4 to get the list of function exits available.

    3. Open CMOD utilities->SAP enhancements

    EDIT->All selections

    4.type the function module name obtained in step 2, in fields 'component name' in 'additional selections' block. and execute.

    5. The displayed list contains the enhancements names for the transaction You were looking for.

    6. Create a project in CMOD and the code in default include->activate.

    http://www.erpgenie.com/sap/abap/code/abap26.htm

    which gives the list of exits for a tcode

    http://help.sap.com/saphelp_nw04/helpdata/en/bf/ec079f5db911d295ae0000e82de14a/frameset.htm

    For information on Exits, check these links

    http://www.sap-img.com/abap/a-short-tutorial-on-user-exits.htm

    http://www.sapgenie.com/abap/code/abap26.htm

    http://www.sap-img.com/abap/what-is-user-exits.htm

    http://wiki.ittoolbox.com/index.php/HOWTO:Implement_a_screen_exit_to_a_standard_SAP_transaction

    http://www.easymarketplace.de/userexit.php

    http://www.sap-img.com/abap/a-short-tutorial-on-user-exits.htm

    http://www.sappoint.com/abap/userexit.pdfUser-Exit

    http://www.planetsap.com/userexit_main_page.htm

    User-Exits

    http://www.sap-img.com/abap/a-short-tutorial-on-user-exits.htm

    http://www.sap-img.com/ab038.htm

    http://www.planetsap.com/userexit_main_page.htm

    http://www.sap-basis-abap.com/sapab013.htm

    http://sap.ittoolbox.com/documents/popular-q-and-a/user-exits-for-the-transaction-code-migo-3283

    These links will help you to learn more on user exits.

    http://www.sap-img.com/abap/a-short-tutorial-on-user-exits.htm

    http://help.sap.com/saphelp_nw04/helpdata/en/c8/1975cc43b111d1896f0000e8322d00/frameset.htm

    http://www.planetsap.com/userexit_main_page.htm

    http://www.allsaplinks.com/user_exit.html

    www.sap-img.com/abap/what-is-user-exits.htm

    Also please check these threads for more details about user exits.

    screen-exit

    user-exit-and-customer-exit

    user-exit

    1. Document on UserExits in FI/CO

    http://www.ficoexpertonline.com/downloads/User%20ExitsWPedit.doc

    2. Finding User Exits...

    http://sap.ionelburlacu.ro/abap/sap2/Other_Useful_Tips.html#Finding_User_Exits

    3. List of all User Exits...

    http://www.planetsap.com/userexit_main_page.htm

    with regards,

    sowjanyagosala.

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    Former Member
    Feb 29, 2008 at 08:20 AM

    HI

    for a particular transaction -


    for example xk01-----find out the program name.....(right side corner there is a option if u click u wil get information like program name,client etc...).

    goto ->se38 transaction


    give the program name-- >now click on attributes ->find the package name.

    in smod transaction click f4 help and -


    then u will get a pop up in that click INFORAMTION SYTEM-- >give the package name there -and u will get all the exits for that particular transaction.

    in cmod----u should create a project (ex:zxyz) in that give the exit name and u will get a function module ..in that there will be a include double click on taht ...there u can write u r code.....save and activate.

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  • avatar image
    Former Member
    Feb 29, 2008 at 08:44 AM

    hi,

    User exits :

    1. Introduction

    2. How to find user exits

    3. Using Project management of SAP Enhancements

    1. Introduction:

    User exits (Function module exits) are exits developed by SAP. The exit is implementerd as a call to a functionmodule. The code for the function module is writeen by the developer. You are not writing the code directly in the function module, but in the include that is implemented in the function module.

    The naming standard of function modules for functionmodule exits is:

    EXIT_<program name><3 digit suffix>

    The call to a functionmodule exit is implemented as:

    CALL CUSTOMER.-FUNCTION <3 digit suffix>

    Example:

    The program for transaction VA01 Create salesorder is SAPMV45A

    If you search for CALL CUSTOMER-FUNCTION i program

    SAPMV45A you will find ( Among other user exits):

    CALL CUSTOMER-FUNCTION '003'

    exporting

    xvbak = vbak

    xvbuk = vbuk

    xkomk = tkomk

    importing

    lvf_subrc = lvf_subrc

    tables

    xvbfa = xvbfa

    xvbap = xvbap

    xvbup = xvbup.

    The exit calls function module EXIT_SAPMV45A_003

    2. How to find user exits?

    Display the program where you are searching for and exit and search for CALL CUSTOMER-EXIT

    If you know the Exit name, go to transaction CMOD.

    Choose menu Utillities->SAP Enhancements. Enter the exit name and press enter.

    You will now come to a screen that shows the function module exits for the exit.

    3. Using Project management of SAP Enhancements, we want to create a project to enahance trasnaction VA01 .

    - Go to transaction CMOD

    - Create a project called ZVA01

    - Choose the Enhancement assign radio button and press the Change button

    In the first column enter V45A0002 Predefine sold-to party in sales document.

    Note that an enhancement can only be used in 1 project. If the enhancement is already in use, and error message will be displayed

    Press Save

    Press Components. You can now see that enhancement uses user exit EXIT_SAPMV45A_002. Double click on the exit.

    Now the function module is displayed. Double click on include ZXVVAU04 in the function module

    Insert the following code into the include: E_KUNNR = '2155'.

    Activate the include program. Go back to CMOD and activate the project.

    Goto transaction VA01 and craete a salesorder.

    Note that Sold-to-party now automatically is "2155"

    What is User Exits and Customer Exits?

    Difference between user exits & customer exits:

    User exit - A user exit is a three character code that instructs the system to access a program during system processing.

    SXX: S is for standard exits that are delivered by SAP. XX represents the 2-digit exit number.

    UXX: U is for user exits that are defined by the user. XX represents the 2-digit exit number

    Customer exit - The R/3 enhancement concept allows you to add your own functionality to SAP’s standard business applications without having to modify the original applications. SAP creates customer exits for specific programs, screens, and menus within standard R/3 applications. These exits do not contain any functionality. Instead, the customer exits act as hooks. You can hang your own add-on functionality onto these hooks. *-- Mani

    The following document is about exits in SAP :-

    The R/3 enhancement concept allows you to add your own functionality to SAP’s standard business applications without having to modify the original applications.

    SAP creates user exits for specific programs, screens, and menus within standard R/3 applications. These exits do not contain any functionality. Instead, the customer exits act as hooks. You can hang your own add-on functionality onto these hooks.

    Types of Exits

    There are several different types of user exits. Each of these exits acts as hooks where you can attach or "hang" your own add-ons.

    Menu Exits

    Menu exits add items to the pulldown menus in standard SAP applications. You can use these menu items to call up your own screens or to trigger entire add-on applications.

    SAP creates menu exits by defining special menu items in the Menu Painter. These special entries have function codes that begin with "+" (a plus sign). You specify the menu item’s text when activating the item in an add-on project.

    Screen Exits

    Screen exits add fields to screens in R/3 applications. SAP creates screen exits by placing special subscreen areas on a standard R/3 screen and calling a customer subscreen from the standard screen’s flow logic.

    Function Module Exits

    Function module exits add functions to R/3 applications. Function module exits play a role in both menu and screen exits.

    When you add a new menu item to a standard pull down menu, you use a function module exit to define the actions that should take place once your menu is activated.

    Function module exits also control the data flow between standard programs and screen exit fields. SAP application developers create function module exits by writing calls to customer functions into the source code of standard R/3 programs.

    These calls have the following syntax:

    CALL CUSTOMER-FUNCTION ‘001’.

    Field Exits

    Field exits allow you to create your own programming logic for any data element in the Dictionary. You can use this logic to carry out checks, conversions, or business-related processing for any screen field. Example: The data element BBBNR identifies a company’s international location number. You might want to set up your R/3 System so that all international location numbers are larger than 100.

    The field exit concept lets you create a special function module that contains this logic.

    You assign the special function module to the data element BBBNR. You then assign the module to any programs and screens in which users can add new international location numbers. When you activate your field exit, the system automatically triggers your special routine whenever a user enters a company location number.

    In 4.6c, you can use "RSMODPRF" program to create field exits.

    An example of a user exits :-

    MODULE user_exit_0001 INPUT

    CASE okcode.

    WHEN 'BACK OR EXIT'.

    CASE sy-dynnr.

    WHEN '100'.

    SET SCREEN 0.

    LEAVE SCREEN.

    WHEN '200'.

  • Note that you can write any code that satisfy your needs. ****

  • But in this case, this was wrote as a sample code for reference sake. ****

  • And you can test it. ****

    SET SCREEN 100.

    LEAVE SCREEN.

    ENDCASE.

    ENDCASE.

    • Finding the user-exits of a SAP transaction code

    *

    • Enter the transaction code in which you are looking for the user-exit

    • and it will list you the list of user-exits in the transaction code.

    • Also a drill down is possible which will help you to branch to SMOD.

    *

    *

    report zuserexit no standard page heading.

    tables : tstc, tadir, modsapt, modact, trdir, tfdir, enlfdir.

    tables : tstct.

    data : jtab like tadir occurs 0 with header line.

    data : field1(30).

    data : v_devclass like tadir-devclass.

    parameters : p_tcode like tstc-tcode obligatory.

    select single * from tstc where tcode eq p_tcode.

    if sy-subrc eq 0.

    select single * from tadir where pgmid = 'R3TR'

    and object = 'PROG'

    and obj_name = tstc-pgmna.

    move : tadir-devclass to v_devclass.

    if sy-subrc ne 0.

    select single * from trdir where name = tstc-pgmna.

    if trdir-subc eq 'F'.

    select single * from tfdir where pname = tstc-pgmna.

    select single * from enlfdir where funcname =

    tfdir-funcname.

    select single * from tadir where pgmid = 'R3TR'

    and object = 'FUGR'

    and obj_name eq enlfdir-area.

    move : tadir-devclass to v_devclass.

    endif.

    endif.

    select * from tadir into table jtab

    where pgmid = 'R3TR'

    and object = 'SMOD'

    and devclass = v_devclass.

    select single * from tstct where sprsl eq sy-langu and

    tcode eq p_tcode.

    format color col_positive intensified off.

    write:/(19) 'Transaction Code - ',

    20(20) p_tcode,

    45(50) tstct-ttext.

    skip.

    if not jtab[] is initial.

    write:/(95) sy-uline.

    format color col_heading intensified on.

    write:/1 sy-vline,

    2 'Exit Name',

    21 sy-vline ,

    22 'Description',

    95 sy-vline.

    write:/(95) sy-uline.

    loop at jtab.

    select single * from modsapt

    where sprsl = sy-langu and

    name = jtab-obj_name.

    format color col_normal intensified off.

    write:/1 sy-vline,

    2 jtab-obj_name hotspot on,

    21 sy-vline ,

    22 modsapt-modtext,

    95 sy-vline.

    endloop.

    write:/(95) sy-uline.

    describe table jtab.

    skip.

    format color col_total intensified on.

    write:/ 'No of Exits:' , sy-tfill.

    else.

    format color col_negative intensified on.

    write:/(95) 'No User Exit exists'.

    endif.

    else.

    format color col_negative intensified on.

    write:/(95) 'Transaction Code Does Not Exist'.

    endif.

    at line-selection.

    get cursor field field1.

    check field1(4) eq 'JTAB'.

    set parameter id 'MON' field sy-lisel+1(10).

    call transaction 'SMOD' and skip first screen.

    *---End of Program

    EXPERT RESPONSE

    There are three kind of user exits. You can search for them by looking for:

    - The string "userexit"

    - Customer-function (in case of CMOD/SMOD)

    - exithandler (in case of a BAdI, see SE18/SE19)

    USEREXIT

    Userxits allow us to add our own functionality to SAP standard program

    without modifying it . These are implemented in the form of subroutines and hence are also known as FORM EXITs. The userexits are generally collected in includes and attached to the standard program by the SAP.

    All Userexits start with the word USEREXIT_...

    FORM USEREXIT_..

    z..

    ENDFORM.

    The problem lies in finding the correct userexit and how to find it if one exists for the purpose. Once the correct userexit is found the necessary

    customer code is inserted in the customer include starting with the z..

    in the form routine.

    e.g. USEREXIT_SAVE_DOCUMENT_PREPARE

    Certain application like SD still provide this form of enhancement using userexit but this practice is no longer being followed for newer extensions

    instead they are using EXITs which come bundeled in enhancement packages . Neverthiless existing USEREXITS will be supported by SAP an all the newer versions of SAP.

    HOW TO FIND USEREXITS

    Userexits can be found in number of ways:

    1) To find userexits in SD module , goto object navigator(SE80) and select

    development class from the list and enter VMOD in it. All of the userexits in SD are contained in the development class VMOD. Press

    enter and you will find all the includes which contain userexits in SD for

    different functions like PRICING, ORDER PROCESSING etc. Select the userexit according to the requirement and read the comment inserted in it

    and start coding .

    Some examples of userexits in SD(SALES & DISTRIBUTION ) are:

    1)ADDING OF NEW FIELDS IN PRICING

    In Pricing in SD the fields on the basis of which pricing is done are derived from the FIELD CATALOG which is a structure KOMG .This structure is used to transfer transaction data to the pricing procedure in SD and is also known as communication structure.This structure KOMG consists of two tables KOMK for Header related fields and KOMP for item related fields.

    The fields which are not in either of the two tables KOMK and KOMP

    cannot be used in pricing .Sometimes a need arises when the pricing

    is to be based on some other criteria which is not present in the form of fields in either of the two tables.

    This problem can be solved by using USEREXITS which are provided for pricing in SD.

    Pricing takes place both when the SALES ORDER ( Transaction VA01) is created as well as when INVOICING ( Transaction VF01) is done.Hence SAP provides 2 userexits ,one for sales order processing which is

    USEREXIT_PRICING_PREPARE_TKOMP or

    USEREXIT_PRICING_PREPARE_TKOMK

    Depending upon which table (KOMK or KOMP) the new fields were inserted we use either of the above two userexits.These userexits are found in include MV45AFZZ of the standard SAP sales order creation program SAPMV45A.

    In the case of userexit which will be called when invoicing is done ,these

    are provided in the include RY60AFZZ which is in the standard SAP

    program SAPMV45A. The name of the userexits are same. i.e

    USEREXIT_PRICING_PREPARE_TKOMP or

    USEREXIT_PRICING_PREPARE_TKOMK

    These userexits are used for passing the data from the communication structure to the pricing procedure, for this we have to fill the newely

    created field in the communication structure KOMG for this we fill the code in the above userexit using the MOVE statement after the data that

    has to be passed is taken from the database table by using the SELECT statement. The actual structure which is visible in these userexits and which is to be filled for that particular field is TKOMP or TKOMK.

    Before the coding for these userexits is done ,it is necessary to create a new field in either of the two tables KOMK or KOMP .For this purpose

    includes are provided in each of them .

    To create the field in header data(KOMK) the include provided is KOMKAZ

    and to create the field in item data(KOMP) the include provided is KOMPAZ.

    One possible example for the need of creating new fields can be e.g. Frieght to be based upon transportation zone ,for this no field is available in field catalog and hence it can be created in KOMK and then above userexits can be used to fill the transportation data to it.

    2)The other method of finding userexit is to find the word USEREXIT in the

    associated program of the transaction for which we want to determine userexit using SE38.

    3)The other method of finding userexits is to find the include in case of SD/MM applications where the userexits are located ,this can be found in the SAP reference IMG generally in the subfolder under SYSTEM MODIFICATION.

    Some other examples of userexits in SD are:

    USEREXIT_NUMBER_RANGE

    This userexit is used to assign a different internal document number to the

    sales order(VA01) when it is created depending on some criteria like a different SALES ORGANIZAION(VKORG) .

    USEREXIT_SAVE_DOCUMENT_PREPARE

    This userexit is used to insert the ABAP code which will be called when

    the document (sales order VA01) is just about to be saved.This userexit is used generally for custom checks on different fields , to display some information before the order will be saved or for making changes to certain fields before the sales order will be saved.

    Exits & Enhancements

    There are mainly six types of EXITs in sap which have been collected in the form of enhancement packages and attached to standard code in SAP.

    These are different from USEREXIT in the way that they are implemented

    in the form of FUNCTIONs while in USEREXITS we use form routines for their implementation. These are also sometimes known as function exits .

    These start from the word EXIT_ followed by the program name and then followed by a three digit number.

    e.g. EXIT_SAPMV45A_002

    This exit is found in SD in enhancement V45A0002.

    TYPES OF EXITS

    1)MENU EXITS

    2)FUNCTION EXITS

    3)TABLE EXITS

    4)SCREEN EXITS

    5)KEYWORD EXITS

    6)FIELD EXITS

    We use SAP transactions CMOD and SMOD to manage exits. Before implementing an exit , it is required to create the project by using CMOD

    selecting the enhancement e.g. V45A0002 and selecting the component

    (one which fulfills our need) i.e the exit which will be implemented in SMOD and after coding has been done the project has to be activated.

    An exit can be coded only once.

    FUNCTION EXITS

    These are used to add functionality through ABAP code . These start from the word EXIT_programname_NNN ending in a 3 digit number. No access code is required to implement any tupe of exit including function exits.

    The function exits are called from the standard SAP program in the form

    of ABAP statement

    CALL CUSTOMER-FUNCTION 'NNN'

    This is in contrast to USEREXITs where PERFORM statement is used to call

    the required userexit.

    To implement the FUNCTION EXITs first of all the project is created and a suitable enhancement package is selected and from its compnents the function exit to be implemented is selected and on double clicking it the exit code will appear in ABAP EDITOR(se38) where a Z include will be found and the customer code should be entered in this include.

    e.g.

    ADDING A DEFAULT SOLD-TO-PARTY in Sales Order Creation

    To show a default sold-to-party in this field when the user creates a sales order (VA01) we can use a function exit .This function exit is located

    in enhancement no V45A0002 . Before we can choose the exit we have to

    create a project in CMOD after that enter V45A0002 in the enhancement field and click on the components . In the components you will see the

    exit EXIT_SAPMV45A_002 . This exit is used for our purpose.

    Double clicking on this exit will takes us to function builder (SE37) . This

    function exit has one exporting parameters and two importing parameters, we are interested in exporting parameter which is E_KUNNR

    of type KNA1-KUNNR i.e if we move the desired customer name to this

    structure(E_KUNNR) it will be shown in the field as the default value when we create the sales order.

    This function also contains a customer include ZXVVA04 . This include

    will be used to write our custom code .

    Double clicking on this include and it will prompt us that this include does not exists do you want to create this object ,select yes and the include will be created .In this include we can write our own code that will fill the field E_KUNNR.

    e.g. E_KUNNR = 301.

    Activate the include and Activate the project. Now when ever the SALES ORDER will be created , sold-to-party field will come up with a predefined

    customer .

    FIELD EXITS

    The field exits are managed,created,activated through program RSMODPRF. The field exit is associated with a data element existing in ABAP dictionary and hence to the screen field using that data element.

    The format of field exit is :

    FIELD_EXIT_dataelement_A-Z or 0-9

    If a particular screen and program name is not specified than the field exit will effect all the screens containing that data element.

    The function module associated with field exit shows two parameters

    INPUT and OUTPUT. Input parameter contains the data passed to the field exit when the field exit was invoked by the R/3 , We can write our own code to change the output parameter depending upon our requirements.

    Before the field exit can have any effect the system profile parameter

    ABAP/FIELDEXIT in all the application servers should be set to YES

    ABAP/FIELDEXIT = YES.

    regards,

    sreelakshmi

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