Skip to Content
author's profile photo Former Member
Former Member

client

hi,

What do you know about a client?

regards,

kb

Add a comment
10|10000 characters needed characters exceeded

Assigned Tags

Related questions

4 Answers

  • author's profile photo Former Member
    Former Member
    Posted on Feb 08, 2008 at 07:51 AM

    hi,

    A client is organizational and legal entity in the SAP system. All the business management data is protected here because other clients can not access them. The main objective of the client is to keep the data isolated. The data in a client can be only visible within that client; it can not be displayed or changed from another client. In a physical SAP system there can be multiple clients. Each of these clients can have different objective or each client represents a unique work environment. In a development environment one client can be used as sandbox client (developers learn how to configuration using SAP environment), one can be used as prototype client (users do the customizing according to the company’s requirements and testing) and another one can be used as the master development and configuration client (where the final configuration is done). A client has its own set of tables and user data. To know whether a table is client dependant or independent you can search for a field MANDT. The client dependant tables always include the client field ‘MANDT’ as a part of the primary key. There can be multiple clients in each of the system of SAP system landscape as we have already seen in chapter 5. It is better to understand the customizing process in the CTS pipeline before designing a good client strategy for the SAP systems. Customizing is a method in the SAP R/3 system that helps the user to configure the functionality from SAP, according to the customer requirements. When the SAP objects are just used by only one client, we define them as client dependant data. There are some objects as ABAP/4 programs, which are used by all the clients in a SAP system. Those objects are called client independent data. The functional changes resulting from customizing can be client specific (client dependant) or general (client independent). You must know the fact that client independent customizing can create problems if the authorizations and the client strategy are not defined properly. For example if you have three clients in a development environment then the role of each client should be defined properly. One of these three clients should be used for client independent customizing and in other clients, users will not have the authority to do any client independent configuration.

    About SAP Clients

    With a standard installation, SAP delivers 000, 001 and 066 clients. Client 000 is considered to be a SAP reference client and it should not be changed or deleted at anytime from the system. After a SAP system is installed, you can create other clients from 000 by using the client copy procedure. For some important configuration you have to logon to client 000. For example, if you want to configure your CTS system then this client must be used. Client 000 also plays a very important role in upgrade process. Every time you do upgrade client dependant changes will be automatically upgraded in this client and later on the changes can be copied to other clients.

    The customer uses client 001 as a SAP sample client. After a new installation both 000 and 001 clients are identical, but after an upgrade 000 will have additional customizing data. Lot of customer sites does not use 001 client at all. Client 066 is there for SAP Early Watch service. This client enables SAP to remotely access the customer system. SAP provides this service to the customer to improve the system performance. After Early Watch group goes through the checking methodology, a system performance summery and recommendations to improve performance report are provided to the customer. SAP recommends to go for an Early Watch session before your project goes live and another one sometime after the go live date. Client 066 should not be changed or deleted from the system. In case this client was deleted from the system, then you have to follow the instructions in OSS note 7312 to download the client data from sapserv3 and import this data to create 066 client.

    Creating a client and setting up the client attributes

    To create a client you have to maintain T000 table. From 3.0 onward, transaction SCC4 can be used to maintain T000 table. Also you can chose Administration-> Client admin -> Client Maintenance from the initial screen to do the same. In client table T000, SAP system displays all the clients available, their names, currency used and when the client was changed last as shown in Figure 9.1. If the system is in display mode then you must change it to the change mode by selecting the display/change icon to create a new client. When you click display/change button, a warning is displayed as “Warning: the table is client-independent”.

    Everything about clients in SAP

    http://www.planetsap.com/basis1.htm

    Hope this is helpful, Do reward.

    Edited by: Runal Singh on Feb 8, 2008 1:22 PM

    Add a comment
    10|10000 characters needed characters exceeded

  • author's profile photo Former Member
    Former Member
    Posted on Feb 08, 2008 at 07:51 AM

    Hi

    in SAP many clients will be there and most of things are specific to client.

    000 is the nase client - which come along woth SAP s/w and it contains all SAP settings. we can define (basis people) other clients and we can set-up the clients as per our requirements.

    client dependent in the sense - if you develop an object (example: Script) in one client, that object is not visible in other clients.

    Independent means visible in all clients

    Client dependent Means if you create that data in one client is limited to that client only and it is not accessable in other clients

    Like SAP SCRIPTS and STD texts data

    where as Client Independent means the data if you create in one client that is available in that as well as in other clients

    Like SMARTFORMS, All dictionary Objects data and Repository objects data like Programs, Fun modules, tables etc..

    There is no specific reason behind why scripts are client dep[endent and smartforms are client independent!!!

    As for SAP -- Scripts are called client dependent because if you create client in say,200 it would be available in that only.If you want to test the script in client 300 then it won't be there,you will have to go to transaction se71 in 300 .Then Utilities-> Copy from client.Give the source as 200 & form name(i.e. script name) & copy.

    Few more reasons why....? Please read below:

    SAPscript technology is based on a mainframe product from the 1980s.SAPscript forms have always been -- under the hood -- relatively passive objects, with minimal embedded logic. These forms were designed to be driven and controlled by ABAP programs, much in the way ABAP programs read in database tables to produce reports;

    if you ever download a SAPscript form (e.g., via utility program RSTXSCRP), and look at the portable text file it produces you'll see what I mean.

    Many text objects (e.g., invoice header texts) are bound directly to documents which are client-dependent, so it makes sense for these text objects to also be client-dependent. From a complexity standpoint, SAPscript forms are close enough to these text objects where I can see how it made sense at the time to make them client-dependent too.

    In commercial, organizational, and technical terms, a self-contained unit in an SAP system with separate master records and its own set of tables.

    There are different meanings.

    Functionality point of View CLIENT is the highest hierarchial Orgn entity in any module

    Clients again are different from each box/system like DEV,Quality and PRD.

    Generally we create more clients in DEV system one for technical and other for sandbox and other for Customization etc.

    This is a Mandatory field in all tables.

    Each client has its own set of Application,master,data. Hence we need to populate data for each clinet separatly.(I think you cant say "implementing the SAP for the client")

    *******************************

    Client Independant: These objects are not specific to any client. And it is universal which can be viewed,changed across the clients.

    Client Dependant: These are the objects can be viewed, changed for the client for which it has been assigned. Other clients do not have access on these objects.

    In SAP, all objects are finally stored as tables. "Mandt" is key field which determines whether the object is client dependant or not.

    Client Independant transport requests will make the transported objects available across the clients. and Client dependent transport request make the objects available only for the client mentioned by field "Mandt"

    look here:

    http://help.sap.com/saphelp_nw04/helpdata/en/b7/8a9a3aaf894871e10000000a114084/frameset.htm

    *****************************************

    Client Independent(cross client) objects can be accessed from any client without transporting. For example, Reports and smartforms are client independent that means if you create a report or smartform in one client, this report and smartform can be viewed in another client without transporting.

    Where as client dependent objects can be viewed or accessed only in the client in which you create them.

    All scripts are client dependent and some tables are client dependent.

    There are two types of objects in SAP, client dependent and client independent. Objects used in several clients are called client independent while objects used in a specific client is called client dependent. To identify if a table is client dependent, one can use tcodes SE11 or SE12. In the table field attributes, if the MANDT field is present that table is client dependent.

    Almost all the programs and database objects are client independent.

    Only the data in Database tables are client dependent.

    Go through the below PDF file, it is having 4 pages which explains why SAP has Client independent and Client dependant..

    http://www.sappoint.com/basis/clntadm.pdf#search=%22ABAP%20%2B%20client%20independent%20and%20client%20dependant%20%22

    **************************

    Create client????

    Goto Tcode su01,

    Client 810

    Give user name sap*

    password:06071992.

    presss continue.

    In the next screen :

    User: Sapuser

    Press creat buttom in the application tool bar ,

    In address tabstrip : give ur name last name and first name ,

    click on logon data: here u give the initial password, suppose password is = nihar

    click on profile give : SAP_ALL

    SAP_NEW

    Press save buttom .

    Now ur client 810 created

    Goto the SAP EASY Access Screen

    Give client : 810

    User: sapuser

    password: nihar

    press enter

    Again system will ask for final password.

    Give here exiting password: nihar

    new password: india.

    check this

    needed very urgently: ABAP real time questions and answers

    **************************

    check the below link u will find lot of info..

    https://forums.sdn.sap.com/click.jspa?searchID=1815764&messageID=1967306

    http://www.sap-img.com/sap-introduction.htm

    http://www.sap-img.com/general/what-is-sap--landscape.htm

    CREATING A NEW CLIENT:

    You can create a new local client by copying exsisting client through SCCL

    Please go through the required client copy documentation if you are on project

    and also refer to required SAP OSS Notes

    Few relate T.Codes are:

    SCC1 Client Copy - Special Selections

    SCC3 Client Copy Log

    SCC4 Client Administration

    SCC5 Delete Client

    SCC7 Post-Client Import Methods

    SCC8 Client Export

    SCC9 Remote Client Copy

    SCCL Local Client Copy

    Please go through the below link which may be useful to you.

    http://www.planetsap.com/basis1.htm

    Reward Points if found helpfull..

    Cheers,

    Chandra Sekhar.

    Add a comment
    10|10000 characters needed characters exceeded

  • author's profile photo Former Member
    Former Member
    Posted on Feb 08, 2008 at 07:53 AM

    Hi

    What do you need about client?

    Regards

    Shiva

    Add a comment
    10|10000 characters needed characters exceeded

  • author's profile photo Former Member
    Former Member
    Posted on Jan 14, 2009 at 10:11 PM

    thanks

    Add a comment
    10|10000 characters needed characters exceeded

Before answering

You should only submit an answer when you are proposing a solution to the poster's problem. If you want the poster to clarify the question or provide more information, please leave a comment instead, requesting additional details. When answering, please include specifics, such as step-by-step instructions, context for the solution, and links to useful resources. Also, please make sure that you answer complies with our Rules of Engagement.
You must be Logged in to submit an answer.

Up to 10 attachments (including images) can be used with a maximum of 1.0 MB each and 10.5 MB total.