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what is material determination?,out put determination,partner determination? give the definitions for the above

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  • author's profile photo Former Member
    Former Member
    Posted on Jan 28, 2008 at 06:47 PM

    Reddy, I see you still have not heeded other's prior requests to find out these basic concepts on your own yet.

    There is plenty of available information on this processes. Look this up, play around with it in configuration and master data, then come back and ask a relevant question.

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  • author's profile photo Former Member
    Former Member
    Posted on Jan 29, 2008 at 06:10 AM

    Material Determination :

    Menupath:

    SAP Easy access ® Logistics ® Sales and distribution ® Master data ® Products

    ® Material Determination ® Create

    IMG ® Sales and Distribution ® Basic Functions ® Material Determination ® Define substitution reasons

    Determining Material:

    Material determination provides you with a tool for automatically exchanging materials in the sales document.

    The condition technique provides you with greater flexibility in material determination. When you process a document, the system automatically searches for valid master records that you created previously in material determination.

    You can assign a substitution reason to every master record in material determination that defines how the material should be determined. You define the substitution rules in Customizing. Examples in the standard system include:

    Substitution reason 0002: Customized material

    Substitution reason 0003: EAN number

    You do not need a material master record for the material number that you are replacing.

    During order entry, the material ordered by the customer is replaced by the substitute defined in the master record. The system now continues processing with the substitute (for example, in the availability check, pricing, delivery, billing).

    Note: The item overview for Sales A contains information about the material that was originally entered as well as the reason for substitution.

    Select Product Manually:

    In some sectors of industry, the same products are sold in different packaging materials (for example, packaging for standard and promotion articles). Material master records exist in the system for managing these stocks. When you enter an order, you can use different material numbers for the same product.

    We have extended the functions in manual and automatic product selection so that material determination can support this business practice:

    . Reason for substitution 0005: Manual production selection (list of default values)

    . Reason for substitution 0004 / 0006: Automatic product selection (depending on availability

    in order and delivery)

    In manual production selection, (reason for substitution 0005), the system does not automatically replace the product. Instead, it displays a list of all of the substitution materials and other information in the master record. You can then select the required material from this list.

    To simplify selection, the system displays the material quantities that can be confirmed on the customer's requested delivery date. If a material cannot be confirmed fully for the requested delivery date, the system displays the date on which the material can be completely delivered.

    Master Data:

    Maintain the master records for material determination in the master data menu for Sales and Distribution under Products.

    You can use the condition technique to define the master data for material determination at any level. For example, you can create data records using the material number or a combination of the material and customer numbers.

    When you process master records, you can:

    . Restrict the validity period of a record

    . Maintain separate entries for each key combination

    . Determine reasons for substitution

    . Save one or more substitutes per master record

    If there is more than one material defined in the master record for material determination / product selection, the sequence in which they appear defines the priority that they have.

    Automatic Product Selection:

    In automatic product selection (reasons for substitution 0004 and 0006), the system replaces the entered material automatically if it is not available.

    If automatic product selection is being used, the system may display (based on customizing) the entered and substituted material as main and sub-items in the sales order.

    When you enter an order, the system tries to fill the quantity of the order with the first material in the material determination master record. If there is not enough of this material, it fills the remaining quantity with the next material.

    You can choose whether or not you want to re-run material determination when the delivery is created. If material determination is re-run, the result of the substitution may change due to the new availability situation.

    You can use the product attributes in the material and customer master records to exclude a particular material from product selection. This means, for example, that all the materials that have been rejected in the customer master will not be included by the system when it determines a substitution material.

    The Partial confirmation of product selection allows you to deal with shortfall cases (in which only the available quantity is confirmed, and it is less than the order quantity) by passing the shortfall quantity on to materials planning. In this case, an additional sub-item is generated with a specifically defined material.

    Automatic Product Selection - Master Data:

    The sequence of the substitution materials in the master data influences the result of the automatic product selection in the order.

    If you want the material that is first entered in the order to be included in the substitution, then you must enter it in the substitutions list.

    . Case A: The original material is in the first place in the list, and its available stock is included in the substitution. The system then refers to the available stock for the next material in the master record.

    . Case B: First, the system uses up the available stock for the materials that appear in the master record before the material that has been entered. Only when these stocks have been used up, does it include that material in the substitution.

    Material determination - Condition Technique:

    The condition technique provides more flexibility in modeling material determination and product selection.

    You can assign a material determination procedure to each sales document type. The procedure contains all of the Customizing information that the system needs for material determination. The procedure includes one or more defined condition types

    One access sequence (search strategy) is assigned to each condition type.

    Each access sequence consists of one or more accesses.

    Each access contains exactly one condition table. This represents the search key that the system uses to search for a valid master record.

    You can activate an analysis of the material determination in the sales document. The system then displays detailed information on how the materials were determined.

    Output Determination :

    http://help.sap.com/printdocu/core/Print46c/en/data/pdf/SDBFOC/SDBFOC.pdf

    Partner Determination:

    The partner determination procedure you can determine whether partner functions can or should occur in a partner object (Customer Master, Sales Document, Item Category etc.) For each object, in which partner function can be created, you can define partner procedures. This also means that

    • For Customer Master

    • For Sales Documents

    • For Sales Documents and Billing Documents: for items

    We can define our partner determination procedure for each of these levels as shown below. In Blue are given the ones wherein the Partner Procedures are assigned to the Partner Objects

    • Customer Master Account Group

    • Sales Document Header Sales Document Type

    • Sales document Item Item Category in sales

    • Delivery Delivery Type

    • Billing Header Billing Type

    • Billing Item Billing Type

    • Sales Activity Sales Activity type

    By assigning a procedure you determine for which account groups (for the customer master), which sales document types (for sales documents) and for which item categories this procedure would be valid.

    In the partner determination procedure you can determine for each partner function

    • whether the partner function is an obligatory partner function

    • whether the partner function can be changed in the document

    Partner determination procedure:

    SPRO

    Sales and Distribution

    Basic Functions

    Partner determination

    Setup partner determination

    Select setup partner determination for customer master

    Step 1:

    Defining the Partner Functions: - Here we must not define any partner function.

    Go to partner functions.

    While defining the partner functions if we check the field “Unique” that partner faction has to be unique in the customer master i.e. we cannot have multiple partners of that function in a customer master.

    Step 2:

    Assigning the partner functions to the Account group: -

    Go to account group’s function assignment.

    Go to new entries and assign the required partner functions to the required account group and save it.

    Step 3:

    Defining the partner determination procedure: -

    Go to partner determination procedures

    Go to new entries and define and save it

    NOTE: - Procedure contains all the required partner functions.

    Step 4:

    Placing the required partner functions in the procedure: - select the defined procedure and go to partner functions in procedure.

    Go to new entries and place the partner functions

    If we check the field “Not Modifiable” for a partner function it cannot change in the customer master.

    If we check the field “Mandatory Function” it becomes a mandatory in the customer master and save it.

    Step 5:

    Assigning the procedure to the Account Group: - Go to partner determination procedure assignment. Assign the procedure to the account group and save it.

    Refer below link on sdn for further info

    ?

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