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Hi Friends,

What is the difference between BAPI and RFC Function module?



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  • author's profile photo Former Member
    Former Member
    Posted on Dec 04, 2007 at 05:05 AM

    hi sekhar,

    BAPI is nothing but rfc enable function module developed by SAP. RFC enable fm is created by user according to our need, we can change a RFC into normal enable dfunction module also, there is no great difference between them.

    u can use the standard bapi wherevaer u want


    karthik'reward points if useful

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  • author's profile photo Former Member
    Former Member
    Posted on Dec 04, 2007 at 05:15 AM


    BDC is method to conversion data from original system (or text file .) to SAP

    RFC is function Moudule that you create for purpose for example



    Batch Data Communication (BDC) is the process of transferring data from one SAP System to another SAP system or from a non-SAP system to SAP System.

    Features :

    BDC is an automatic procedure.

    This method is used to transfer large amount of data that is available in electronic medium.

    BDC can be used primarily when installing the SAP system and when transferring data from a legacy system (external system).

    BDC uses normal transaction codes to transfer data.

    Types of BDC :

    CLASSICAL BATCH INPUT (Session Method)



    This method is also called as ‘CLASSICAL METHOD’.


    Asynchronous processing.

    Synchronous Processing in database update.

    Transfer data for more than one transaction.

    Batch input processing log will be generated.

    During processing, no transaction is started until the previous transaction has been written to the database.


    This is another method to transfer data from the legacy system.


    Synchronous processing. The system performs a database commit immediately before and after the CALL TRANSACTION USING statement.

    Updating the database can be either synchronous or asynchronous. The program specifies the update type.

    Transfer data for a single transaction.

    Transfers data for a sequence of dialog screens.

    No batch input processing log is generated.

    For BDC:


    Remote Function Call:

    RFCs are requests that an SAP component sends to invoke functions on remote systems, or calls that remote systems initiate to invoke functions on an SAP component.A process that can accept RFCs from SAP components. This allows SAP components to access functions in external systems. In SAP BC terminology, the process is called a Listener. Listeners are one or more threads on SAP Business Connector that wait for incoming requests from SAP components. Listeners are named and register with an SAP gateway to indicate that they are ready to accept requests. Listeners can accept RFC or tRFC requests.

    Transactional RFC (tRFC) and Queued RFC (qRFC). tRFC is used mainly to transfer ALE Intermediate Documents (IDocs).

    Transactional RFC:

    If an error occurs during a synchronous remote function call, the system cannot tell at what point the error occurred (most crucially, whether the function module was actually processed in R/3 before the operation failed). Restarting a failed call is therefore a dangerous thing to do, since you risk duplicating a completed function call.

    To alleviate this problem, you can use transactional RFC, which guarantees that each function call you issue will only be executed once, even if you submit it repeatedly to the R/3 System. The system implements this safeguard by assigning a unique transaction ID (TID) to each transaction that you submit. When you attempt to process the transaction, the system checks whether that TID has already been processed. If it has, the transaction is ignored.

    Queued RFC:

    When you use transactional RFC, you cannot guarantee the order in which the function calls will be processed in the system (it is quite possible that one call might overtake another). For cases where you need to specify a particular processing order, you can use queued RFC, which is an extension of transactional RFC. In qRFC, you place each function call in a logical queue. A function call cannot be executed until all of its predecessors in the queue have been processed. Queued RFC calls are processed asynchronously.

    RFC is an SAP interface protocol. Based on CPI-C, it considerably simplifies the programming of communication processes between systems.

    RFCs enable you to call and execute predefined functions in a remote system - or even in the same system.

    RFCs manage the communication process, parameter transfer and error handling.

    Have a look at this link.

    Please go through the following link. You will get good info on RFC & its types.

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  • author's profile photo Former Member
    Former Member
    Posted on Dec 04, 2007 at 05:37 AM


    There are few diff between rfc and bapi

    bapi it self is an RFC function module

    bapi must be declared in BOR

    bapi must not use call transaction

    bapi must not use dialog screens

    bapi must not use update function modules


    These are few diff between bapi and a rfc

    Basically BAPI can be accesed by other systems other than SAP

    like java .net etc

    this is the main use of bapi


    siva chalasani.

    <b>Reward points if found usefull</b>

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