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About text elements

Hi All,

I want full information about text elements. where text elements exactly stored and how they are maintained by SAP on different logon languages. Anybody have the solution, Please let me know as soon as possible.

I am very thankful to you in advance.

Thanks & Regards,

Nagarjuna.

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  • author's profile photo Former Member
    Former Member
    Posted on Nov 30, 2007 at 03:42 AM
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  • author's profile photo Former Member
    Former Member
    Posted on Nov 30, 2007 at 03:58 AM

    <u><b>Text Elements </b></u>

    Text elements allow you to store texts without hard-coding them in your program. You can maintain text elements outside the program in which they are used (choose Goto &#8594; Text elements in the Editor). They are particularly important for texts in applications that will be translated into other languages.

    All programs (including include program) have a title. Other text elemen are assigned to the associated main program.

    ABAP has the following kinds of text element:

    Program title

    List heading

    Column heading

    Selection texts (for texts belonging to selection criteria and program parameters)

    Text symbols (constant texts)

    The construction of text elements is defined by the structure TEXTPOOL. It contains the following fields:

    ID:

    A single character, representing the text element type. You can use the following values:

    R - Program title

    T - List heading

    H - Column heading

    S - Selection text

    I - Text symbol

    KEY:

    Key field, which may contain the following values, depending on the type of the text element:

    H - Number of a row with columns

    -headings (001 - 004)

    S - max. 8 character name of a selection

    criterion or program parameter

    I - 3 character number for a text symbol

    The field is empty for program titles and list headings.

    ENTRY:

    Text of the text element (maximum 255 characters)

    LENGTH:

    Length of the text

    Example

    The following table displays some typical values for text elements:

    ID KEY ENTRY LENGTH

    -


    H 001 'Name Age' 10

    I 100 'Tax' 10

    R , B>'Test program' 12

    S CUST 'Customer' 8

    T , B>'Sales' 10

    Notes

    LENGTH determines the total available length for the text. If the text is to be translated into other languages, you should choose a value of LENGTH that is greater than the length required in the original language, to allow for translations that are longer than the original language version.

    You can address text elements in two ways, either using TEXT-xxx or using '...'(xxx). Here, xxx stands for the number, and ... for the text of the text symbol.

    The first form requires that there is already a text for number xxx. If there is not, the output is empty.

    The second form improves the readability of the program. The text in inverted commas should correspond to the text stored under the text symbol. If it does not, the system uses the text stored for the text symbol. Exception: If there is no text saved under number xxx, the text in inverted commas is used.

    Example: Text symbol number 001 has the text 'Please enter your name'. The following commands:

    WRITE: / TEXT-001,

    / 'Please enter your name'(001),

    / 'What is your name?'(001).

    all have the same output: "Please enter your name".

    You can compare the texts used in the program with the texts stored as text symbols by choosing "Goto &#8594; Text elements &#8594; Compare text symbols" in the Editor.

    If you set a LENGTH for the text element that is longer than the text itself, this is interpreted as though the text had trailing spaces up to the specified LENGTH. This means that if you use the notation '...'(xxx), the text between the inverted commas must have trailing zeros up to the length LENGTH. Otherwise, the text stored under the text symbol will not correspond with the text in inverted commas (see note 2).

    Example: Suppose text symbol number 036 has the contents 'Name', and length 10. The following statement: folgende Befehl

    WRITE: / SY-VLINE, TEXT-036, SY-VLINE,

    / SY-VLINE, 'Tax '(036), SY-VLINE,

    / SY-VLINE, 'Tax'(036), SY-VLINE.

    would then output "| Tax |" three times. In particular, in the third, line, the text symbol number 036 is output, and not the the three-character text "Tax". If you compare the text elements (see note 2), the text symbols in the second and third lines are flagged as being different.

    You should not use text symbols in subroutines that have more than one main program, since this leads to redundant text and unnecessary translation.

    Instead, you should store these portions of code in subroutine pools.

    Maintaining" target="_blank">http://help.sap.com/saphelp_47x200/helpdata/en/e3/9609f6eb0711d194d100a0c94260a5/frameset.htm">Maintaining Text Elements: Overview

    Creating" target="_blank">http://help.sap.com/saphelp_47x200/helpdata/en/e3/9609f6eb0711d194d100a0c94260a5/frameset.htm">Creating and Maintaining Text Elements

    Comparing" target="_blank">http://help.sap.com/saphelp_47x200/helpdata/en/e3/9609f6eb0711d194d100a0c94260a5/frameset.htm">Comparing Text Elements

    Copying" target="_blank">http://help.sap.com/saphelp_47x200/helpdata/en/e3/9609f6eb0711d194d100a0c94260a5/frameset.htm">Copying Text Elements

    [url=http://help.sap.com/saphelp_47x200/helpdata/en/e3/9609f6eb0711d194d100a0c94260a5/frameset.htm]Translating Text Elements[/url]

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