Skip to Content
author's profile photo Former Member
Former Member

READ_TEXT

HAI FRIENDS.

CAN ANY ONE EXPLAIN WHAT IS PURPOSE OF READ_TEXT FUNCTION MODULE

REGARDS,

KISHORE

Add a comment
10|10000 characters needed characters exceeded

Assigned Tags

Related questions

4 Answers

  • author's profile photo Former Member
    Former Member
    Posted on Nov 23, 2007 at 06:47 AM

    <b>ABAP READ_TEXT functions to read the SAP Long Text</b>

    All the long text can be retrieve using this method.

    You have to used the READ_TEXT functions to read the SAP long text. e.g. Sales Order, Purchase Order Item text etc.

    To check your long text header, go into the long text. Click Goto -> Header

    Example of READ_TEXT functions reading tables PBIM - Independent requirements for material.

    REPORT ZTEXT .

    TABLES: PBIM.

    • stxh, stxl, stxb - trans tables for text

    • ttxit - text on text-ids

    • ttxot - Short texts on text objects

    • Transaction MD63

    SELECT-OPTIONS: S_MATNR FOR PBIM-MATNR,

    S_WERKS FOR PBIM-WERKS.

    DATA: BEGIN OF HTEXT.

    INCLUDE STRUCTURE THEAD.

    DATA: END OF HTEXT.

    DATA: BEGIN OF LTEXT OCCURS 50.

    INCLUDE STRUCTURE TLINE.

    DATA: END OF LTEXT.

    DATA: BEGIN OF DTEXT OCCURS 50.

    DATA: MATNR LIKE PBIM-MATNR.

    INCLUDE STRUCTURE TLINE.

    DATA: END OF DTEXT.

    DATA: TNAME LIKE THEAD-TDNAME.

    SELECT * FROM PBIM WHERE WERKS IN S_WERKS.

    MOVE PBIM-BDZEI TO TNAME.

    CALL FUNCTION 'READ_TEXT'

    EXPORTING

    • CLIENT = SY-MANDT

    ID = 'PB'

    LANGUAGE = 'E'

    NAME = TNAME

    OBJECT = 'PBPT'

    • ARCHIVE_HANDLE = 0

    IMPORTING

    HEADER = HTEXT

    TABLES

    LINES = LTEXT

    EXCEPTIONS

    ID = 1

    LANGUAGE = 2

    NAME = 3

    NOT_FOUND = 4

    OBJECT = 5

    REFERENCE_CHECK = 6

    WRONG_ACCESS_TO_ARCHIVE = 7

    OTHERS = 8.

    LOOP AT LTEXT.

    IF LTEXT-TDLINE NE ''.

    MOVE LTEXT-TDLINE TO DTEXT-TDLINE.

    MOVE PBIM-MATNR TO DTEXT-MATNR.

    APPEND DTEXT.

    ENDIF.

    ENDLOOP.

    ENDSELECT.

    LOOP AT DTEXT.

    WRITE:/ DTEXT-MATNR, DTEXT-TDLINE.

    ENDLOOP.

    What is the purpose of READ_TEXT functuion module and how to get text id value in this scenario(TDID)?

    In business process, there are so many transactions that take place in every day, like purchase orders, sales orders, delivery, gooodsmovement etc... SAP provided a feature to maintain some text descriptions.

    Read_Text Function module is used to retrieve the text for a particular objects.

    To find the Text id these are the following steps. Let us take an example of Billing document Header text.

    1. goto VF03, enter Billing doc Number

    2. from menu select Goto >Header-->header Text..... New window will be displayed

    3. select the Header Text. here you can see all the text.

    4. click on the TEXT (which you want to know the Text id) , then press log ICON (you can find in bottom right of the text window) it looks like a rolled paper.

    5. in the Next window you will find Text Name. Text ID, Language. etc...

    Add a comment
    10|10000 characters needed characters exceeded

  • Posted on Nov 23, 2007 at 06:48 AM

    Hi,

    cehck the below link...

    http://www.sap-basis-abap.com/sapac002.htm

    reward if helpful.

    Regards,

    Nagaraj

    Add a comment
    10|10000 characters needed characters exceeded

  • author's profile photo Former Member
    Former Member
    Posted on Nov 23, 2007 at 06:49 AM

    Hi,

    It is used to fetch the Long Text details or

    Header and Items texts of a application document

    READ_TEXT

    READ_TEXT provides a text for the application program in the specified work areas.

    The function module reads the desired text from the text file, the text memory, or the archive. You must fully specify the text using OBJECT, NAME, ID, and LANGUAGE. An internal work area can hold only one text; therefore, generic specifications are not allowed with these options.

    After successful reading, the system places header information and text lines into the work areas specified with HEADER and LINES.

    If a reference text is used, SAPscript automatically processes the reference chain and provides the text lines found in the text at the end of the chain. If an error occurs, the system leaves the function module and triggers the exception REFERENCE_CHECK.

    Function call:

    CALL FUNCTION 'READ_TEXT'

    EXPORTING CLIENT = SY-MANDT

    OBJECT = ?...

    NAME = ?...

    ID = ?...

    LANGUAGE = ?...

    ARCHIVE_HANDLE = 0

    IMPORTING HEADER =

    TABLES LINES = ?...

    EXCEPTIONS ID =

    LANGUAGE =

    NAME =

    NOT_FOUND =

    OBJECT =

    REFERENCE_CHECK =

    WRONG_ACCESS_TO_ARCHIVE =

    Export parameters:

    CLIENT

    Specify the client under which the text is stored. If you omit this parameter, the system uses the current client as default.

    Reference field: SY-MANDT

    Default value: SY-MANDT

    OBJECT

    Enter the name of the text object to which the text is allocated. Table TTXOB contains the valid objects.

    Reference field: THEAD-TDOBJECT

    NAME

    Enter the name of the text module. The name may be up to 70 characters long. Its internal structure depends on the text object used.

    Reference field: THEAD-TDNAME

    ID

    Enter the text ID of the text module. Table TTXID contains the valid text IDs, depending on the text object.

    Reference field: THEAD-TDID

    LANGUAGE

    Enter the language key of the text module. The system accepts only languages that are defined in table T002.

    Reference field: THEAD-TDSPRAS

    ARCHIVE_HANDLE

    If you want to read the text from the archive, you must enter a handle here. The system uses it to access the archive. You can create the handle using the function module ACHIVE_OPEN_FOR_READ.

    The value '0' indicates that you do not want to read the text from the archive.

    Reference field: SY-TABIX

    Default value: 0

    Import parameters:

    HEADER

    If the system finds the desired text, it returns the text header in this parameter.

    Structure: THEAD

    Table parameters:

    LINES

    The table contains all text lines that belong to the text read.

    Structure: TLINE

    Exceptions:

    ID

    The text ID specified in the parameter ID does not exist in table TTXID. It must be defined there together with the object of the text module.

    LANGUAGE

    The parameter LANGUAGE contains a language key that does not exist in table T002.

    NAME

    The parameter NAME contains the name of a text module that does not correspond to the SAPscript conventions.

    Possible errors:

    The field contains only blanks.

    The field contains the invalid characters ‘*’ or ‘,’.

    OBJECT

    The parameter OBJECT contains the name of a text object that does not exist in table TTXOB.

    NOT_FOUND

    The system did not find the specified text module.

    REFERENCE_CHECK

    The text module to be read has no text lines of its own but refers to the lines of another text module. This reference chain can include several levels. For the current text, the chain is interrupted, that is, one of the text modules referred to in the chain no longer exists.

    WRONG_ACCESS_ TO_ARCHIVE

    The exception WRONG_ACCESS_TO_ARCHIVE is triggered if an archive is accessed using an incorrect or non-existing archive handle or an incorrect mode (that is, read if the archive is open for writing or vice versa).

    Regards,

    Omkar.

    Add a comment
    10|10000 characters needed characters exceeded

  • author's profile photo Former Member
    Former Member
    Posted on Nov 23, 2007 at 06:49 AM

    HI,

    this function module is used to read the text ( usually stored for header texts

    for the documents )

    and usually the header texts will be stored in some text objects, text ids,

    see the transaction se75

    table STXH

    regards,

    Venkatesh

    Add a comment
    10|10000 characters needed characters exceeded

Before answering

You should only submit an answer when you are proposing a solution to the poster's problem. If you want the poster to clarify the question or provide more information, please leave a comment instead, requesting additional details. When answering, please include specifics, such as step-by-step instructions, context for the solution, and links to useful resources. Also, please make sure that you answer complies with our Rules of Engagement.
You must be Logged in to submit an answer.

Up to 10 attachments (including images) can be used with a maximum of 1.0 MB each and 10.5 MB total.