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MM-questions

Dear all,

i need the answer for the following questions kindly help for this.

1.What is the difference between the stock transfer between two plants belonging to same company code and those belonging to different company code?

2.About subcontracting cycle.

3. How does the system calculate taxes?

4. How is a shelf-life item managed in SAP? What is the full cycle?

Regards,

Renuga.A

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6 Answers

  • author's profile photo Former Member
    Former Member
    Posted on Nov 22, 2007 at 10:50 AM

    <b>What is the difference between the stock transfer between two plants belonging to same company code and those belonging to different company code?</b>

    both can be done with same transaction and same movement type

    only diffrence is accounting entries in company to compant transfer intercompany accounts comes in.

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  • author's profile photo Former Member
    Former Member
    Posted on Nov 22, 2007 at 10:53 AM

    <b>About subcontracting cycle.</b>

    There is not much config changes required to implement standard sub contracting PO process, rather u need to follow the correct process when executing it.

    I will try to explain steps in this process.

    1.info-record should be for subcontracting in tcode ME11 and enter the price for that BOM header level item which will be paid to vendor A for assemling the components.

    2. Create a PO for the BOM header level item with vendor A as normal PO with item category as L-sub-contracting, so it will prompt to list of components which you are suppose to send to that vendor A.

    3. Now create a PO for the components as normal PO with vendor B, and put delivery address as vendors A number and select SC vendor tab at item level under "Delivery address"

    4. Now this newly created PO with vendor B for component need to be delivery to first PO Vendor A. As soon as it is delivered at vendors place, you need to do GR for that PO for component as same GR in MIGO tcode. Here Component stock will show under heading " Stock at vendors location" in MMBE tcode. You can follow the next step of IR for PO with vendor B, as his part of job is over.

    5. Now when Vendor A returns the finished BOM header level component, do normal GR at MIGO tcode. Automatically it will post Components with different movement type of 5XX.

    6. Do the IR for po with Vendor A as normal.

    I hope this will help you to finalise your process.

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  • author's profile photo Former Member
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    Posted on Nov 22, 2007 at 11:03 AM
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  • author's profile photo Former Member
    Former Member
    Posted on Nov 22, 2007 at 11:34 AM

    Hi,

    I would like to explain in brief :

    Plant to Plant Stock Transfer within same company code - here the recieveing plant raises a stock transport order, the issuing plant issues material against this order, the material is then in transfer and later at the recieveing station the material is transferred to own stocks. Note that only one accounting Document is generated and that at issuing end.

    Plant to Plant Stock Transfer with different company code : here the recieveing plant raises a stock transport order, the issuing plant issues material against this order, the material is then in transit and later at the recieveing station the material is transferred to own stocks. Note that two accounting Document are generated at issuing end and one at Recieveing end.

    Sub contract :

    You have to assemble a Sub-assembly consisting of various components from a Vendor.

    You maintain a BOM for this Sub-Assembly and simultaneously MM Rec for all the parts.

    You raise a PO for Subcon with Item Cat - L.

    In PO you mention the service charges of the vendor.

    You then transfer the components to your vendor.

    You recieve the Sub-assembled good ( the system automatically issues the sub-parts to consumption during GR)

    Then you do IR.

    Anand.

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  • author's profile photo Former Member
    Former Member
    Posted on Nov 22, 2007 at 12:41 PM

    Hi

    <b>Difference between Stock transfer V Plants belonging to same company code and Plant Belonging to different company code</b>

    A stock transfer from plant to plant generally takes place within a company code.And can take take place between two company codes, if the plants are assigned to different valuation areas, which belong to different company codes.

    A stock transfer from plant to plant affects both accounting and Materials Planning, as follows:

    <b>Accounting</b> is affected if both plants are assigned to different valuation areas. This means that a stock transfer leads not only to a quantity update but also to a value update .

    <b>Stock postion :</b>change of plant stock is taken into account

    Subcontracting Cycle :

    <b>In subcontract order processing, the vendor receives materials (components) with which it produces the end product.</b>

    Craete Subcontracting Inforecord for the sc vendor and material

    1.You order the end product using a subcontract order. The components that the vendor needs to manufacture the end product are specified in the purchase order.

    2.In Inventory Management, the components are posted to the stock of material provided to vendor. The components are then supplied to the vendor.

    3.The vendor performs its service and delivers the ordered material (the end product). The consumption of the components is posted. If, after the goods receipt has been posted, the vendor informs you that a larger or smaller quantity of the components was actually consumed than planned in the purchase order, you must make an adjustment.

    5.The vendor charges for his or her service. The invoice is posted in Invoice Verification.

    <b>Shelf Life item</b>

    The minimum remaining shelf life is maintained in the material master record or in the purchase order. The minimum remaining shelf life is the minimum number of days for which the material must keep for the goods receipt to be accepted by the system.

    The shelf life expiration date check is active for the plant and movement type in Customizing for Inventory Management

    Cycle :

    1.If the expiration date check function is active, you must enter the shelf life expiration date or the production date of the material at the time of the goods receipt.

    2.Upon goods receipt, the system checks whether the remaining shelf life is sufficient to satisfy the remaining shelf life required in the purchase order or in the material master record. If it is not, the system issues a warning message or error message (depending on how the system is configured).

    3.When you post the goods receipt, the shelf life expiration date is recorded in the material document

    Taxes :in SAP taxes are calculted from the taxprocedure which is assigned to country and you have to maintain tax rates thru tax codes.These tax codes you can maintain the PO or invoice to pick the right tax rate.

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  • author's profile photo Former Member
    Former Member
    Posted on Nov 23, 2007 at 09:49 AM

    Hi Renuga,

    Answering your first question which is related to STOs.

    Apart from the differences mentioned in other replies, there's another difference which I learnt during my development.

    If you want to create a cross-company STO, you would choose document type 'NB' which stands for a normal purchase order (and not 'UB' which stands for stock transport order). In addition to this, you will have to create a vendor and assign your supplying plant to the vendor (through menu option 'Add. Purchasing Data' in the Purchasing Data view of the vendor). Then, you will have to use this vendor in ME21N.

    Hope it helps.

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