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Help on ABAP HR

Hi,

i learned ABAP HR can any body help me materials regardign this

any body having specifications regardsing ABAP HR it will be more helpfull to this id <b><REMOVED BY MODERATOR></b>

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Alvaro Tejada Galindo

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    Former Member
    Oct 11, 2007 at 03:44 PM

    Maybe this link can be helpfull

    http://www.sapdevelopment.co.uk/hr/hr_infotypes2.htm

    Have a look at http://www.sap-img.com/human/how-to-create-a-hr-infotype.htm, but have also a look at this thread

    https://www.sdn.sap.com/sdn/collaboration.sdn?contenttype=url&content=https%3A//forums.sdn.sap.com/thread.jspa%3FthreadID%3D9945%26messageID%3D63016

    found this link 😊 probably can be helpful to someone

    http://help.sap.com/saphelp_46b/helpdata/en/f7/2fe034ee251f34e10000009b38f83b/frameset.htm

    http://sap.ittoolbox.com/groups/technical-functional/sap-hr/how-to-create-z-infotype-in-organizational-management-745603

    How to create a HR infotype?

    1) Go to Transaction PM01.

    2) Enter the custom Infotype number which you want to create (Should be a 4 digit number, start with 9).

    3) Select the ‘Employee Infotype’ radio button.

    4) Select the ‘PS Structure Infotype’.

    5) Click on CreateÂ… A separate table maintenance window appearsÂ…

    6) Create a PS structure with all the fields you want on the Infotype

    7) Save and Activate the PS structure

    8) Go back to the initial screen of PM01.

    9) Click on ‘All’ push button. It takes a few moments.

    10) Click on ‘Technical Characteristics’. Infotype list screen appears

    11) Click on ‘Change’(pencil) button

    12) Select your Infotype and click on ‘Detail’ (magnifying glass) button

    13) Give ‘T591A’ as subtype table

    14) Give ‘T591S’ as subtype txt tab

    15) Give your subtype field as subtype field

    16) Save and come back to PM01 initial screen

    17) Click on ‘Infotype Characteristics’ … Infotype list screen appears

    18) Click on ‘Change’ (pencil) button

    19) Click on ‘New Entries’

    20) Enter your Infotype number and short text

    21) Here we have to set different Infotype Characteristics as per the requirement. (Better open another session with some standard InfotypeÂ’s infotype characteristics screen and use as the reference to fill yours)

    22) Save your entries.

    23) Now the Infotype is created and ready to use.

    24) If you want to change the layout of the Infotype as per your requirementÂ…

    25) In the PM01 initial screen…Select ‘Screen’ radio button and give 2000 as the screen name, then click on edit.

    26) In the next screen.. Select ‘Layout Editor’ and click ‘Change’.

    27) Screen default layout appearsÂ…here you can design/modify the screen..change the attributes of the fields..etc.

    28) Save and activate. (Don’t forget to ‘Activate at every level)

    InfoSets in the HR Application

    You can use SAP Query in HR to report on HR data. Queries are maintained as described in Creating Queries. The special features of queries created for HR are described in Maintaining Queries in the Human Resources Application. The maintenance procedure for HR InfoSets differs from the described procedure inasmuch as HR data fields are grouped together in infotypes.

    InfoSet management in SAP Query is also used for InfoSet Query. For further information, see Functions for Managing InfoSets.

    If you want to create InfoSets for HR, you can use logical databases PNP, PAP, and PCH (see HR Logical Databases). The database you must use to create your InfoSet depends on the component in which the data you want to report on is stored.

    The reports you can execute using InfoSets based on logical databases PNP or PCH are similar, but differ in that they can select different objects. The following table describes the connection between the logical database, and the infotypes you can include in an InfoSet. It also provides you with one or two examples of reports that you can execute using the appropriate InfoSets.

    Logical database PNP PCH PAP

    Selection of Persons Objects from Personnel Planning Applicants

    Infotypes that can be included in the InfoSet Infotypes for

    • Personnel Administration (0000-0999)

    • Time Management (2000-2999)

    • Payroll infotypes

    • Infotypes for Personnel Planning objects that can be related to persons If the object type is specified:

    • Infotypes for the object type

    • Infotypes for objects that can be related to the specified object type

    If the object type is not specified:

    • All infotypes • Infotypes for Recruitment (4000-4999)

    • Some infotypes for Personnel Administration (such as 0001 and 0002)

    • Customer infotypes

    Reporting examples • Selection of all persons who participated in a specific business event, output of prices for reserved business events

    • Selection of all persons assigned to a specific personnel area, output of qualifications held by these persons • Selection of all business events held in London in March, output of all persons who participated in these business events

    • Selection of all positions assigned to a specific organizational unit, output of all persons assigned to the positions • Selection of all applicants hired last year to work on special projects, output of addresses for the applicants selected

    Creating InfoSets

    The maintenance procedure for HR InfoSets differs from the procedure described so far in this section inasmuch as HR data fields are grouped together in infotypes. To set up an InfoSet for the HR application, proceed as follows:

    1. On the initial screen for maintaining InfoSets, enter a name for the InfoSet and choose Create.

    2. On the next screen, enter a name for the InfoSet and select one of the HR logical databases in accordance with your reporting requirements.

    Customer infotypes can be created on all HR logical databases. In each individual case, therefore, you must decide which database to select so that you can report on customer infotypes.

    This screen enables you to enter an authorization group. All of the queries that are subsequently created using this InfoSet can only be executed by persons who have this authorization group.

    3. Choose .

    This takes you to the Infotype Selection for InfoSet .

    The logical HR database uses the table APPLICANT. You must declare it in the TABLES statement.

    At the GET APPLICANT event, the APPLICANT structure contains the data for an applicant number chosen on the basis of selection screen entries.

    The APPLICANT-APLNO field contains the applicant number which is selected for processing.

    Only the APPLICANT-APLNO field should be read from the work area of the APPLICANT table. The other fields are intended for internal use only.

    2.7 Authorization Checks in Reporting (PA-APP)

    Generally, authorization checks in reporting do not differ from those in the transactions. Since data access in reporting is always of the read type, the system checks for a read authorization; the authorization group must be R or *.

    In some situations, you may want to use a simplified authorization check when running reports. The object RPABAP is required for the check as well as the object RPORGIN; if these authorizations are available, a simpler and faster check is performed.

    If the report cannot read certain applicant data due to lack of authorization, data for these persons is not processed at the GET APPLICANT time point. A note appears at the end of the list stating the number of applicants who were skipped due to lack of authorization.

    2.8 Views

    Introduction

    When evaluating data, we distinguish between the logical and the physical view.

    The physical view corresponds to the form in which the infotype data is stored in the HR tables. This data is stored in infotype records with a validity period.

    In the logical view, the validity periods of individual fields are determined for several infotype records. For example, for an evaluation, the time period during which an employee worked at a particular job may be important, irrespective of whether a company code, personnel area or cost center change occurred during this time.

    Data from several infotypes can also be provided for a specific partial period. When calculating partial payroll periods, it is especially important that data on basic pay, work schedule and cost distribution are provided for the relevant partial period.

    These two types of logical views are implemented in the projection and join.

    &#61607; Join

    &#61607; Projection

    &#61607; Join and Projection

    &#61607; Time-Dependent Control Tables

    &#61607; Generalization of the View

    Join

    A join processes records from two or more infotypes. The data from these infotypes is provided for a specific partial period.

    &#61607; We would like to know in which time period an employee worked at which job and at which address he or she resided during this time.

    The following address data is available:

    January – June Hamburg

    June – December Munich

    The following work center data is available:

    January – April Programmer

    May – December Course instructor

    If the address and work center data are provided for specific partial periods, the following cases result:

    January – April Hamburg / programmer

    May – June Hamburg / course instructor

    July – December Munich / Course instructor

    The ABAP syntax of this join is as follows:

    PROVIDE * FROM Pomp

    • FROM Pnnnn

    BETWEEN PN-BEGDA AND PN-ENDDA.

    The partial periods for infotypes Pomp and Pnnnn as well as for all other infotypes of the join are defined in the fields BEGDA and ENDDA.

    The data of each infotype in the join must be available during the entire validity period of the infotype. The time periods of infotype records may not overlap; therefore, the join may not contain infotypes with time constraint "three".

    The time periods of records overlap if an infotype is read without any subtype restrictions. For example, the Address infotype has the subtypes Permanent residence, Temporary residence and Home address.

    Time periods will ultimately overlap if all addresses are read. Therefore, you must always select a subtype for a join, and this subtype may not have the time constraint "three".

    The program code for the above join for work center and address data is as follows:

    REPORT RPABAP03.

    TABLES: PERNR.

    INFOTYPES: 0001, 0006.

    GET PERNR.

    PROVIDE * FROM P0001

    • FROM P0006 BETWEEN PN-BEGDA AND PN-ENDDA

    WHERE P0006-SUBTY eq '1'.

    WRITE: / PERNR-PERNR, P0001-STELL,

    P0006-STRAS, P0006-BEGDA, P0006-ENDDA.

    ENDPROVIDE.

    Sometimes no data is available for a particular infotype in the selected partial period. Infotype validity periods may not overlap but gaps are permitted.

    For example, gaps can occur when personal data is joined with address data:

    Personal data

    January 1960 - May 1998 Miller

    May 1998 - December 1998 Smith

    Address data:

    January 1998 - December 1998 Hamburg

    A join for personal and address data is presented as follows:

    January 1960 - December 1997 Miller

    January 1998 - April 1998 Miller / Hamburg

    May 1998 - December 1998 Smith / Hamburg

    Only personal data is available in the first partial period. Since the record does not provide the required information, the join's function of providing data from all associated infotypes has not been fulfilled.

    The variables Pnnnn_VALID recognize that only incomplete data is available for a particular partial period.

    This variable is formed when the report is run for each Pnnnn infotype included in a join.

    If data exists in the partial period for the Pnnnn infotype, the variable Pnnnn_VALID is filled with X.

    These variables are evaluated as follows:

    REPORT RPDEMO03.

    TABLES: PERNR.

    INFOTYPES: 0002,

    0006.

    GET PERNR.

    PROVIDE * FROM P0002

    • FROM P0006 BETWEEN PN-BEGDA AND PN-ENDDA

    WHERE P0006-SUBTY = '1'.

    IF P0006_VALID EQ 'X'.

    WRITE: / PERNR-PERNR,

    P0002-BEGDA DD/MM/YYYY,

    P0002-ENDDA DD/MM/YYYY,

    P0002-NACHN,

    P0006-ORT01.

    ENDIF.

    ENDPROVIDE.

    A list is generated only if address data is available. The first partial period, for which only personal data is available, is suppressed.

    Projection

    All data of an infotype is stored on the database with its period of validity.

    When you change one or more fields of an infotype record, the system creates a new record with a new validity period. The date on which you changed the record is the start date of this new record.

    Therefore, the data fields that are not affected by the changes contain the same data over several infotype records and validity periods.

    From a logical perspective, these fields are valid in all infotype records until they are changed.

    When seen from this logical perspective, each field of an infotype has its own validity period.

    This is illustrated in the following case:

    An employee has worked as a programmer for three years in three different personnel areas.

    The following organizational assignment data is available:

    January 1992 - December 1992: Programmer /personnel area 1

    January 1993 - December 1993: Programmer /personnel area 2

    January 1994 - December 1994: Programmer /personnel area 3

    If you only require the time period during which an employee performs a specific job and not his or her personnel area for an evaluation, the following applies:

    January 1996 - December 1998: Programmer

    The physical view has three infotype records, the logical view one.

    To create meaningful evaluations and avoid redundancies, create logical views for infotype records.

    Select the infotype fields that are important for the evaluation and disregard the others.

    In the above example, the data in the other fields is invalid for the evaluation since it is unknown which personnel area the employee belonged to from 1996 - 1998.

    This view of the validity period of a group of infotype fields is known as projection.

    The program code for the projection is:

    PROVIDE FROM Pnnnn

    BETWEEN PN-BEGDA AND PN-ENDDA .

    The infotype data for a projection must be available throughout the entire validity period. If the time periods of certain infotype records overlap, the data cannot be clearly assigned to one period.

    Therefore, you should not use projections for infotype records with time constraint ‘three’. The report for the above projection is:

    REPORT RPABAP04.

    TABLES: PERNR.

    INFOTYPES: 0001.

    GET PERNR.

    PROVIDE STELL FROM P0001 BETWEEN PN-BEGDA AND PN-ENDDA.

    WRITE: / PERNR-PERNR, P0001-STELL, P0001-BEGDA,

    P0001-ENDDA.

    ENDPROVIDE .

    The logical validity for the activity period is included in the infotype BEGDA and ENDDA fields.

    Join and Projection

    You can combine the two logical views of infotype data, the join and the projection.

    We read the data from several infotypes and create new partial periods. We select the infotype fields that are important for the evaluation and combine these partial periods again.

    The following example illustrates this.

    An employee works as a programmer in the current year and marries in May. Her name does not change.

    Organizational assignment:

    January - December Programmer

    Personal data:

    January - April Donna Debug - single

    May - December Donna Debug - married

    When the data from both infotypes is read concurrently, the result is:

    January - April Donna Debug - single /

    programmer

    May - December Donna Debug - married /

    programmer

    Since we can disregard her marital status in the evaluation, we project on her first and last names:

    January - December Donna Debug / programmer

    The following report exemplifies the above case:

    REPORT RPDEMO04.

    TABLES: PERNR.

    INFOTYPES: 0001,

    0002.

    GET PERNR.

    PROVIDE STELL FROM P0001

    NACHN VORNA FROM P0002

    BETWEEN PN-BEGDA AND PN-ENDDA

    IF P0001_VALID = 'X'.

    WRITE: / P0002-NACHN, P0002-VORNA,

    P0001-BEGDA DD/MM/YYYY,

    P0001-ENDDA DD/MM/YYYY,

    P0001-STELL.

    ENDIF.

    ENDPROVIDE.

    This report combines the associated validity periods and provides the data of relevant infotype fields for a specific period.

    &#61607; Fields which are not accessed have their initial value in the projection.

    Provision of data for a specific partial period is especially important for partial period factoring in payroll.

    If an employee's basic pay or the cost distribution changes during the payroll period, you must calculate the salary proportionately for the resulting partial periods.

    However, if the payroll administrator of the organizational unit changes, this has no effect on payroll.

    By linking a join and a projection, you can read the master data for a specific partial period.

    Time-Dependent Control Tables

    Infotype data is generally coded as a key (for example, infotype P0006, address type 1 = permanent residence) to allow fast data entry and space-saving storage. When you process infotypes, the texts or attributes of the keys are read from the relevant control tables.

    In many control tables, storage of data is time-dependent and therefore assigned a validity period.

    In HR, this applies to the following areas:

    • Work schedules

    • Pay scale structures

    • Wage types

    • Wage type valuation

    • Bank data

    • Positions

    • Payee codes

    When you read the data for an infotype key from time-dependent control tables, you must determine which record is valid in the specified validity period.

    If you use a transaction to process an infotype, the system reads the table record which is valid on the start date.

    Generalization of the View

    You can use the logical view to edit and output data according to user specifications.

    The special feature of HR views is the time dependency of the data. Personnel data is almost always related to specific validity periods. A HR view provides data for specific time intervals.

    In general terms, a HR view is a logical perspective of interval-dependent internal tables.

    See also:

    Processing All Infotype Records (PA-PAD)

    Processing All Infotype Records (PA-APP)

    Processing a Specific Infotype Record (PA-PAD)

    Processing a Specific Infotype Record (PA-APP)

    3 Import/Export Files in HR

    The following sections describe the purpose of files PCL1 and PCL2 and explains how to access them.

    Files PCL1, PCL2, PCL3 and PCL4

    Storing Data in PCLn Files

    PCLn Buffer

    Cluster Directory Manager

    3.1 Files PCL1, PCL2, PCL3 and PCL4

    Which information is stored in the files?

    File PCL1 is the basis for the HR work area data. It contains information from the time data recording, for example, incentive wage time tickets or infotype supplement texts.

    File PCL2 contains derived information, for example, payroll results. It also contains all generated payroll schemas.

    File PCL3 contains applicant data.

    File PCL4 contains the change documents for HR master data and recruitment.

    The structure of PCLn files corresponds to that of the INDX file which you may be familiar with from other applications. The structure of all PCLn files (n = 1, 2, 3, and 4) is identical.

    Structure of Files

    Like in almost all SAP files, the key element with the highest priority is the client; data within a client is grouped according to basic relations (field PCLn-RELID).

    The type of basic relation is known as a cluster and characterizes the stored data according to the type, for example, cluster RX contains the payroll result for country X (from table T500L) and cluster TE contains the trip costs data.

    Depending on the cluster, the structure of PCLn-SRTFD is defined in a field string xx-KEY, which is defined in an include RPCnxxy0.

    Naming conventions

    n = 1, 2, 3, or 4 (for PCL1, PCL2, PCL3, or PCL4)

    xx = for the cluster

    y = 0 for international clusters

    y = country grouping according to T500L for national clusters

    The personnel number is usually the first component of xx-KEY.

    Importing and Exporting Data

    The import/export files PCLn are managed with the ABAP/4® commands IMPORT and EXPORT . These commands store objects such as fields, field strings, or internal tables on the database, or read these from the database. Data is read from and written to the database using a unique key( xx-Key).

    Please note that the RMAC macros RP-IMP-Cn-xx and RP-EXP-Cn-xx are provided for importing and exporting data. Only these macros should be used.

    See also Macro Modules

    3.2 Storing Data in PCLn Files

    Data from the different HR application areas is stored in data clusters in PCLn files (n = 1, 2, 3, or 4).

    This collection of data objects can consist of:

    • Fields used within reports

    • Field strings

    • Internal tables

    The structure of the PCLn files provides a framework for the individual application areas.

    Each application area must have a two-character cluster name (relation ID). It must also have a key structure; 40 bytes of the SRTFD field are available for this structure.

    When a record is exported to the PCLn file, the cluster ID is written to the RELID field and the key value to the SRTFD field.

    Naming convention for includes when defining clusters:

    RPCnxxy0 n = 1, 2, 3 or 4 (for PCL1, PCL2, PCL3, PCL4)

    xx = cluster ID

    y = country indicator

    Description of Cluster Data using Cluster RX as an Example

    The data definition is stored in the include RPC2RX00 in accordance with the above naming conventions.

    Structure of cluster key:

    Data: BEGIN OF RX-KEY.

    INCLUDE STRUCTURE PC200.

    DATA: END OF RX-KEY.

    The DDIC structure PC200 contains the fields PERNR (personnel number) and SEQNO (sequential number).

    The data definition of the cluster also contains other internal tables.

    For a list of available data clusters, refer to the domain description in the Data Dictionary.

    xx Key

    The xx key name is dependent on the cluster.

    The RX KEY is used for all Rx and Xx clusters. In all other cases, the name of the xx key corresponds to that of the cluster.

    Cluster xx Key

    RA RX-KEY

    B1 B1-KEY

    G3 G3-KEY

    XA RX-KEY

    3.3 PCLn Buffer

    To keep the number of database accesses to a minimum, import and export data is stored in the main memory buffer. Buffer management routines ensure that exported data can be stored in the PCLn files.

    The following two examples illustrate which problems can occur without a buffer.

    Retroactive accounting of payroll results

    Starting payroll in the test mode

    Retroactive Accounting of Payroll Results

    In February 1998, a retroactive accounting run is executed for January.

    FOR PERIOD 199801 IN PERIOD 199802

    The payroll results for January are recalculated and then written directly to the database.

    Result:

    The database now contains the results of the following payroll periods.

    FOR-PERIOD 199801 IN-PERIOD 199802

    FOR-PERIOD 199801 IN-PERIOD 199801

    Payroll is then run for February.

    FOR-PERIOD 199802 IN-PERIOD 199802

    If problems should arise during the payroll run for this period, the February record is not stored on the database.

    Result:

    The current January record on the database is:

    FOR-PERIOD 199801 IN-PERIOD 199802

    This problem does not arise if you use the buffer since all data of a transaction is always updated collectively. In the above example, the recalculated January result would be stored in the buffer and, if the payroll run for February were terminated prematurely, the database would not be updated.

    The current January record on the database would thus be:

    FOR-PERIOD 199801 IN-PERIOD 199802

    Starting Payroll in the Test Mode

    In a test run, the database is not updated. Since the payroll results from the previous period are used as the basis for calculating the results of the following period, the results of the actual payroll run would differ from those of the test run, if this test run were executed over several periods.

    The use of the buffer enables trouble-free access to the required results for the previous period.

    What is required for exporting/importing data to/from the PCLn files using the buffer?

    &#61607; The following includes contain the data definition for the buffer. They must be included in the report that writes the data to or reads the data from the database.

    RPPPXD00

    RPPPXD10

    &#61607; Include RPPPXD10 must be in the common part ‘BUFFER’ .

    Include RPPPXM00, which contains the buffer management routines, is also required.

    The macros for importing and exporting data must comply with the following naming convention:

    Naming Convention for EXPORT/ IMPORT Macros:

    RP-aaa-Cn-xy

    where aaa = IMP / EXP, n=1 for PCL1, 2 for PCL2, 3 for PCL3, 4 or PCL4

    and xy = cluster name.

    This guarantees consistency between the export and import of data and also ensures that all exported objects are imported again.

    Export Using the Data Buffer

    When macros are used for exporting, records are written to a main memory buffer and not directly to the database. When the program run has been completed, the records in the buffer are stored in the appropriate PCLn database.

    Import Using the Data Buffer

    When the macros are used to import data, the data records are not read directly from file PCLn. Instead, the system checks the buffer directory to see whether the main memory already contains a record with the same key. If this is not the case, the record is read from PCLn to the buffer and then retrieved from the buffer for the report.

    If the import is successful, the return code RP-IMP-xy-SUBRC = 0 is set. When data is read from the buffer, the system carries out a check for cluster authorization. Standard import programs follow the naming convention RPCLSTxy (xy = cluster name).

    &#61607; report rpttcdmg.

    tables:

    pernr,

    pcl1,

    pcl2.

    include rpppxd00. "buffer definitions

    data: begin of common part 'BUFFER'.

    include rpppxd10. "PCLx buffer

    data: end of common part.

    data: begin of common part 'CLUSTER_DIRECTORY'.

    include rpc2cd00. " "cluster directory definitions

    data: end of common part.

    include rpc2rdd0.

    get pernr.

    rp-init-buffer. "reset buffer

    cd-key-pernr = pernr-pernr.

    rp-imp-c2-cd. "read cluster CD from

    buffer/DB

    perform cd_manager using ... .

    • alternative: call function rp_evaluation_periods...

    ...

    rx-key-pernr = pernr-pernr.

    rx-key-seqno = rgdir-seqnr.

    rp-imp-c2-rd. "read cluster RD from

    buffer/DB

    ...

    rp-exp-c2-rd. "update cluster RD in buffer

    ...

    perform prepare_update using 'V'. "update database (DB)

    *----

    -


    • Subroutines CD manager and Cluster buffer

    *----

    -


    include rpcmgr00. "Cluster Directory Manager

    include rpppxm00. "module pcl1(2)-buffer

    3.4 Cluster Directory

    Finding Payroll Results for a Specific Query

    Payroll results are stored in cluster Rx of the PCL2.

    The cluster key is non-mnemonic. It contains the PERNR (personnel number) and SEQNO (sequential number) fields.

    The internal table RGDIR contains a directory entry for each payroll result. This entry is a sequential number (RGDIR-SEQNR) which uniquely identifies the payroll result.

    Payroll results can only be imported if the payroll cluster key contains the personnel number and sequential number.

    Before you can import a payroll record, you must select the entry in the RGDIR on the basis of existing data such as for-period, for-payroll area, for-payroll category, in-period, in-payroll area, in-payroll category, and so on, in order to determine the sequential number.

    You will probably always have the same queries when importing payroll records. For example, "Which payroll results (original and retroactively accounted records) were written for a specific payroll run (defined by IN payroll category, IN payroll area, IN period)"?

    There are standard modules that can be used. It is advantageous to use the standard modules rather than self-programmed solutions because no program modifications will be required if the payroll directory changes. The modules are described in the following section:

    Function Modules for Selecting Payroll Results

    3.5 Function Modules for Selecting Payroll Results

    The employeeÂ’s payroll directory is always transferred to the function modules using the table RGDIR.

    The modules then transfer the payroll records which satisfy the specified selection criteria using a table whose type corresponds to that of the RGDIR but which has a different name. The selection parameters differ according to the function of the module. For more information, read the module documentation.

    All module names begin with ‘CD_’.

    Function Module: CD_EVALUATION_PERIODS

    Function Module: CD_READ_PREVIOUS

    Function Module: CD_READ_PREVIOUS_ORIGINAL

    Other Modules for the Payroll Cluster

    Sample Report

    Function Module: CD_EVALUATION_PERIODS

    This module transfers the payroll results to a payroll run as ‘A’ records (current). It also transfers the accompanying ‘P’ records (previous).

    This is the module most frequently used in evaluation programs.

    Table contents before the function module is accessed:

    SEQNR FPPER FPBEG FPEND INPER IPBEG IPEND BONDT PAYTY PAYID INPTY INPID

    00001 01.1996 01.01.96 01.15.96 01.1996 01.01.96 01.15.96

    00002 01.1996 01.01.96 01.15.96 01.16.96 01.16.96 B 0

    00003 01.16.96 01.16.96 01.16.96 01.16.96 01.16.96 B 0 B 0

    00004 01.17.96 01.17.96 01.17.96 01.17.96 01.17.96 A 0 A 0

    00005 01.17.96 01.17.96 01.17.96 01.17.96 01.17.96 A 1 A 1

    00006 02.1996 01.16.96 01.31.96 02.1996 01.16.96 01.31.96

    00007 02.1996 01.16.96 01.31.96 03.1996 02.01.96 01.15.96

    00008 03.1996 01.16.96 01.31.96 03.1996 01.01.96 02.15.96

    The following parameters are transferred:

    - BONUS_DATE = '00000000'

    - INPER_MODIF = '02'

    - INPER = '199803'

    - PAYTY = ' '

    - PAYID = ' '

    Result:

    SEQNR FPPER FPBEG FPEND INPER IPBEG IPEND BONDT PAYTY INPTY INPID SRTZA

    00006 02.1996 01.16.96 01.31.96 02.1996 01.16.96 01.31.96 P

    00007 02.1996 01.16.96 01.31.96 03.1996 02.01.96 02.15.96 A

    00008 03.1996 01.16.96 01.31.96 03.1996 02.01.96 02.15.96 A

    Explanation of individual fields

    Function Module: CD_READ_PREVIOUS

    This module transfers a previous payroll record for a payroll record; this is the newest record for the payroll period (or daily payroll run) which was written before the transferred payroll record and contains the same FOR data as the transferring record.

    Table contents before the function module is accessed:

    SEQNR FPPER FPBEG FPEND INPER IPBEG IPEND BONDT PAYTY PAYID

    00001 01.1996 01.01.96 01.15.96 01.1996 01.01.96 01.15.96

    00002 01.1996 01.01.96 01.15.96 01.16.96 01.16.96

    00003 01.16.96 01.16.96 01.16.96 01.16.96 01.16.96 B 0

    00004 01.17.96 01.17.96 01.17.96 01.17.96 01.17.96 A 0

    00005 01.17.96 01.17.96 01.17.96 01.17.96 01.17.96 A 1

    00006 02.1996 01.16.96 01.31.96 02.1996 01.16.96 01.31.96

    00007 02.1996 01.16.96 01.31.96 03.1996 02.01.96 02.15.96

    00008 03.1996 01.16.96 01.31.96 03.1996 02.01.96 02.15.96

    The following parameters are transferred:

    - Record with SEQNR '00007'

    Result:

    SEQNR FPPER FPBEG FPEND INPER IPBEG IPEND BONDT PAYTY SRTZA

    00006 02.1996 01.16.96 01.31.96 02.1996 01.16.96 01.31.96 P

    Explanation of individual fields

    Function Module: CD_READ_PREVIOUS_ORIGINAL

    This module reads the previous original payroll result.

    Table contents before the function module is accessed:

    SEQNR FPPER FPBEG FPEND INPER IPBEG IIPEND BONDT PAYTY PAYID

    00001 01.1996 01.01.96 01.15.96 01.1996 01.01.96 01.15.96

    00002 01.1996 01.01.96 01.15.96 01.16.96 01.16.96

    00003 01.16.96 01.16.96 01.16.96 01.16.96 01.16.96 B 0

    00004 01.17.96 01.17.96 01.17.96 01.17.96 01.17.96 A 0

    00005 01.17.96 01.17.96 01.17.96 01.17.96 01.17.96 A 1

    00006 02.1996 01.16.96 01.31.96 02.1996 01.16.96 01.31.96

    00007 02.1996 01.16.96 01.31.96 03.1996 02.01.96 02.15.96

    00008 03.1996 01.16.96 01.31.96 03.1996 02.01.96 02.15.96

    The following parameters are transferred:

    - Record with SEQNR '00008'

    Result:

    SEQNR FPPER FPBEG FPEND INPER IPBEG IPEND BONDT PAYTY SRTZA

    00006 02.1996 01.16.96 01.31.96 02.1996 01.16.96 01.3196 P

    Explanation of individual fields

    3.6 Other Modules for the Payroll Cluster

    Modules which derive information from the payroll cluster are available in addition to the modules for payroll result selection.

    1. CD_RETROCALC_PERIOD

    This module differentiates between original payroll records and retroactive accounting records.

    Table contents before the function module is accessed:

    SEQNR FPPER FPBEG FPEND INPER IPBEG IPEND BONDT PAYTY PAYID

    00001 01.1996 01.01.96 01.15.96 01.1996 01.01.96 01.15.96

    00002 01.1996 01.01.96 01.15.96 01.16.96 01.16.96

    00003 01.16.96 01.16.96 01.16.96 01.16.96 01.16.96 B 0

    00004 01.17.96 01.17.96 01.17.96 01.17.96 01.17.96 A 0

    00005 01.17.96 01.17.96 01.17.96 01.17.96 01.17.96 A 1

    00006 02.1996 01.16.96 01.31.96 02.1996 01.16.96 01.31.96

    00007 02.1996 01.16.96 01.31.96 03.1996 02.01.96 02.15.96

    00008 03.1996 01.16.96 01.31.96 03.1996 02.01.96 02.15.96

    The following parameters are transferred:

    - Record with SEQNR '00008'

    Result:

    - CALCD = ' '

    Explanation of individual fields

    2. CD_PAYROLL_UNTIL

    This module reads the RGDIR for the date up to which the regular payroll run was executed for an employee.

    3. CD_HIGHEST_PAYDT

    This module reads the most recent check date for an employee from the RGDIR.

    4. CD_GET_INFO

    This module provides information (most recent check date, accounted to date) for a particular personnel number.

    3.7 Explanation of Individual Fields

    For-Information

    The FPPER, FPBEG, FPEND, BONDT, PAYTY, PAYID, ABKRS, PERMO, PAYDT, JUPER fields contain information on the period for which payroll is run.

    In-Information

    The INPER, IPEND, INPTY, INPID, IABKRS, IPERM fields contain information on the period in which payroll is run.

    SEQNR

    The field is used as a key to uniquely identify the payroll record.

    This field also defines the sequence of payroll results (history).

    Control Indicator (SRTZA)

    Control indicator Meaning

    a Current

    p Previous

    o Old

    &#61607; For more information, see the online documentation for the individual function modules.

    3.8 Sample Report

    REPORT RPTTMWBS.

    DATA: RGDIR LIKE PC261 OCCURS 0 WITH HEADER LINE.

    DATA: EVPDIR LIKE RGDIR OCCURS 0 WITH HEADER LINE.

    DATA: PREVIOUS_RESULTS LIKE RGDIR OCCURS 0 WITH HEADER LINE.

    DATA: CALCD TYPE C.

    DATA: IN_ENTRY LIKE PC261.

    DATA: OUT_ENTRY LIKE PC261.

    INCLUDE RPCCCD09.

    CALL FUNCTION 'CU_READ_RGDIR'

    EXPORTING

    PERSNR = '00021218'

    TABLES IN_RGDIR = RGDIR

    EXCEPTIONS

    NO_RECORD_FOUND = 1

    OTHERS = 2.

    • Read RGDIR

    CALL FUNCTION 'CD_EVALUATION_PERIODS'

    EXPORTING

    BONUS_DATE = '00000000'

    INPER_MODIF = '02'

    INPER = '199603'

    PAY_TYPE = CD_C-REGULAR

    PAY_IDENT = ' '

    TABLES

    RGDIR = RGDIR

    EVPDIR = EVPDIR

    • IABKRS =

    EXCEPTIONS

    NO_RECORD_FOUND = 1

    OTHERS = 2.

    • output:

    • 00006

    • 00007

    • 00008

    • Read regular payroll results for January

    • A results (original result plus retroactive calculations)

    • and P results

    LOOP AT EVPDIR WHERE SRTZA = CD_C-ACTUAL.

    • Only current results (00007 and 00008)

    CALL FUNCTION 'CD_RETROCALC_PERIOD'

    EXPORTING

    ENTRY = EVPDIR

    IMPORTING

    CALCD = CALCD

    EXCEPTIONS

    OTHERS = 1.

    • Determine, whether original result

    CHECK CALCD = ' '.

    • Special processing: Only the original period

    • March is processed (seqnr 00008).

    IN_ENTRY = EVPDIR.

    CALL FUNCTION 'CD_READ_PREVIOUS_ORIGINAL'

    EXPORTING

    IN_RECORD = IN_ENTRY

    IMPORTING

    OUT_RECORD = OUT_ENTRY

    TABLES

    RGDIR = RGDIR

    EXCEPTIONS

    OTHERS = 1.

    • out_entry now contains the previous results

    • Input 00008 ----> Output 00006

    ENDLOOP.

    LOOP AT EVPDIR WHERE SRTZA = CD_C-ACTUAL.

    IN_ENTRY = EVPDIR.

    CALL FUNCTION 'CD_READ_PREVIOUS'

    EXPORTING

    IN_RECORD = IN_ENTRY

    TABLES

    RGDIR = RGDIR

    OUT_RGDIR = PREVIOUS_RESULTS

    EXCEPTIONS

    NO_RECORD_FOUND = 1

    OTHERS = 2.

    • Input 00007 ---> 00006

    • Input 00008 ---> no record found

    • Output structure is a table, since there can be

    • several previous results: for example, if legal person

    • changes, and is retroactively deleted

    ENDLOOP

    4 Specific Commands

    The following sections describe the different specific commands in HR.

    Function modules in HR

    Macro modules

    4.1 Function Modules in HR

    Function modules are program modules which have a defined interface and allow type testing of parameters.

    They are managed with transaction SE37 and combined to function groups according to relevant criteria. You can access this transaction under Tools &#61614; ABAP Workbench &#61614; Function Builder.

    The HR function groups use the naming convention RPxx or HRxx where xx is an identifier of your choice.

    You can use the SHOW FUNCTION * editor command to branch from report processing to function module display.

    4.2 Macro Modules

    Definition

    An module that can be called within an ABAP program.

    Use

    Like subprograms and function modules, macro modules are a means of presenting programs in modular form. Macro modules (macros) are used often in the Human Resources application component (HR).

    Defining and Calling Modules

    Two options are provided:

    • Macros can be defined in reports or includes using the ABAP command DEFINE. A macro can be used within a report or within an include. If a macro is used in a report, and the macro is defined in an include with the DEFINE command, the include must be integrated.

    &#61607; Macros have the following advantages:

    If a macro is changed, each report using this macro is automatically regenerated when it is executed.

    • Macros can also be defined as RMAC macros. The source code of these modules is stored in the function section of the control table TRMAC (Macros in ABAP Programs). The coding is grouped under a specific name in the table key.

    According to conventions, the first two letters of the name must stand for the application. The rest of the name is freely definable.

    &#61607; Customer-specific RMAC modules should begin with a special character.

    The macros defined in the control table TRMAC can be used by all reports.

    &#61607; When you change a RMAC macro in the table TRMAC, the reports that use this macro are not regenerated automatically. You must regenerate them manually.

    The following section includes a list of programming utilities for the logical databases PNP and PAP.

    5 Utilities in HR

    The following utilities are available.

    General Utilities

    Report Meaning

    RPUACG00 Code generation / authorization check

    RPUAUD00 Infotype auditing

    Programming Utilities

    Report Meaning

    RPINCL10 String search in reports

    Cluster Utilities

    Report Meaning

    RPCLSTyy Display cluster for PCLx (yy = RELID)

    RPUPxD00 Delete cluster for PCLx (individual data records)

    RPUPxD10 Delete cluster for PCLx (several data records)

    6 References:

    Different parts of the document has been prepared with the help of articles available on Internet

    Following websites are referred :

    a). http://help.sap.com

    b). http://sapfans.com

    c). http://www.sap-basis-abap.com/saphr.htm

    ******************************

    HR:

    HR deals with the INFOTYPES which are similar to Tables in General ABAP.

    There are different ways of fetching data from these infotypes.

    There are different areas in HR LIKE Personal Admn, Orgn Management, Benefits, Time amangement, Event Management, Payroll etc

    Infotypes for these areas are different from one another area.

    storing of records data in each type of area is different

    LDBS like PNP are used in HR programing.

    Instead of Select.. we use some ROUTINES and PROVIDE..ENDPROVIDE.. etc

    and in the case of Pay roll we use Clusters and we Import and Export them for data fetching.

    On the whole Normal ABAP is different from HR abap.

    For Personal Admn the Infotypes start with PA0000 to PA1999

    Time Related Infotypes start with PA2000 to PA2999.

    Orgn related Infotypes start with HRP1000 to HRP1999.

    All custom developed infotypes stsrat with PA9000 onwards.

    In payroll processing we use Clusters like PCL1,2,3 and 4.

    Instead of Select query we use PROVIDE and ENDPROVIDE..

    You have to assign a Logical Database in the attributes PNP.

    Go through the SAp doc for HR programming and start doing.

    http://www.sapdevelopment.co.uk/hr/hrhome.htm

    See:

    http://help.sap.com/saphelp_46c/helpdata/en/4f/d5268a575e11d189270000e8322f96/content.htm

    sites regarding hr-abap:

    http://www.sapdevelopment.co.uk/hr/hrhome.htm

    http://help.sap.com/printdocu/core/Print46c/en/data/pdf/PAPA/PAPA.pdf

    http://help.sap.com/printdocu/core/Print46c/en/data/pdf/PAPD/PAPD.pdf

    http://help.sap.com/printdocu/core/Print46c/en/data/pdf/PYINT/PYINT_BASICS.pdf

    http://www.atomhr.com/training/Technical_Topics_in_HR.htm

    http://www.planetsap.com/hr_abap_main_page.htm

    You can see some Standard Program examples in this one ...

    http://www.sapdevelopment.co.uk/programs/programshr.htm

    http://searchsap.techtarget.com/originalContent/0,289142,sid21_gci1030179,00.html?Offer=SAlgwn12604#Certification

    http://www.erpgenie.com/faq/hr.htm.

    http://www.planetsap.com/hr_abap_main_page.htm

    http://www.sapbrain.com/TUTORIALS/FUNCTIONAL/HR_tutorial.html

    These are the FAQ's that might helps you as well.

    http://www.sap-img.com/human/hr-faq.htm

    http://www.sapgenie.com/faq/hr.htm

    http://www.planetsap.com/hr_abap_main_page.htm

    http://www.atomhr.com/library_full.htm

    HR Long texts Upload

    Look at the below link

    sample code

    START-OF-SELECTION.

    GET pernr.

    rp_provide_from_frst p0000 space pn-begda pn-endda.

    if pnp-sw-found EQ '1'.

    READ TABLE p0001 WITH KEY pernr = p0000-pernr.

    if sy-subrc = 0.

    write : p0001-plans. " earliest.

    endif.

    endif.

    rp_provide_from_last p0014 space pn-begda pn-endda.

    if pnp-sw-found EQ '1'.

    READ TABLE p0014 WITH KEY pernr = p0000-pernr.

    if sy-subrc = 0.

    write : p0014-LGART. .

    endif.

    endif.

    check out the following links

    http://help.sap.com/printdocu/core/Print46c/en/data/pdf/PYINT/PYINT_DATAEX.pdf

    http://help.sap.com/printdocu/core/Print46c/en/data/pdf/CAARCHR/CAARCHR.pdf

    http://help.sap.com/printdocu/core/Print46c/en/data/pdf/PAXX/PAXX.pdf

    general links..

    http://www.sap-img.com/abap.htm

    http://help.sap.com/saphelp_46c/helpdata/en/fc/eb2d67358411d1829f0000e829fbfe/content.htm

    http://www.geocities.com/victorav15/sapr3/abap.html

    http://www.henrikfrank.dk/abapexamples/SapScript/sapscript.htm

    http://abap4.tripod.com/Other_Useful_Tips.html

    http://help.sap.com/saphelp_45b/helpdata/en/cf/21ee2b446011d189700000e8322d00/content.htm

    http://www.sap-basis-abap.com/sapmm.htm

    http://sap.ittoolbox.com/nav/t.asp?t=303&p=448&h1=303&h2=322&h3=448

    http://sapfans.com/

    http://cma.zdnet.com/book/abap/ch03/ch03.htm

    http://help.sap.com/saphelp_40b/helpdata/en/4f/991f82446d11d189700000e8322d00/applet.htm

    http://sappoint.com/abap/

    http://www.henrikfrank.dk/abapuk.html

    http://www.sts.tu-harburg.de/teaching/sap_r3/ABAP4/abapindx.htm

    http://www.sapgenie.com/abap/index.htm

    http://www.sap-img.com/abap.htm

    http://www.sapdevelopment.co.uk/tips/tipshome.htm

    http://help.sap.com/printdocu/core/Print46c/en/Data/Index_en.htm

    http://sap.ittoolbox.com/nav/t.asp?t=322&p=322&h1=322

    http://sap.ittoolbox.com/nav/t.asp?t=448&p=448&h1=448

    http://www.thespot4sap.com/

    http://www.kabai.com/abaps/q.htm

    http://www.geocities.com/mpioud/Abap_programs.html

    http://www.sapgenie.com/abap/tips_and_tricks.htm

    http://www.sapassist.com/code/d.asp?whichpage=1&pagesize=10&i=10&a=c&o=&t=&q=&qt=

    https://www.sdn.sap.com/irj/sdn/collaboration

    http://help.sap.com/printdocu/core/Print46c/en/data/pdf/HRINF/HRINF.pdf

    http://help.sap.com/printdocu/core/Print46c/en/data/pdf/CAARCHR/CAARCHR.pdf

    http://help.sap.com/printdocu/core/Print46c/en/data/pdf/PAXX/PAXX.pdf

    http://help.sap.com/printdocu/core/Print46c/en/data/pdf/PYINT/PYINT_DATAEX.pdf

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