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Is any SD/MM Configuration step by step procedure available in the market?

Dear fellow SDN's,

Please give me a guide on

1. Where to start SD learning?

2. How to proceed to become a strong SD consultant.

3. Is any SD/MM configuration procedure pdf / Document available in the market?

I have an ECC 6.0 remote connectivity.

Your valuable advice appreciated and allow to earn good credit.

Thanks in advance.

Regards.

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6 Answers

  • Best Answer
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    Former Member
    Sep 25, 2007 at 04:22 PM

    <b>> 1. Where to start SD learning?</b>

    You need to start with understanding the business flow in Sales and distribution area, then understand the SAP application, how it supports business

    <b>> 2. How to proceed to become a strong SD consultant.</b>

    You must have strong business knowledge to become good SD consultant, SAP is just a software application which supports business

    <b>> 3. Is any SD/MM configuration procedure pdf / Document available in the market?</b>

    http://www.amazon.com/Implementing-SAP-R-Sales-Distribution/dp/0072124040

    Regards

    Arif Mansuri

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    • Former Member

      Hi,

      Diplomatic, real and useful answer you offered. You forgot to mention that experienced can be obtained in many years as well.

      Thanks,

      Diana

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    Former Member
    Sep 26, 2007 at 03:58 AM

    <b>Hi

    Search through google and sdn forum you can have the answer </b>

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    Former Member
    Sep 26, 2007 at 12:02 PM

    Hi first of all try to understand the business scenarios of Sales and Distribution and try to go through the book Implementing SAP R/3 Sales and distribution by Glynn C Williams you can have fair idea of entire SAP SD configuration.

    After reading the above book send me a mail on vvnv.rao@wipro.com to give you briefing on advanced topics of SAP SD for better clarity.

    Wish you good luck.

    Vijay Hanumantha Rao

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  • Sep 26, 2007 at 12:15 PM

    Stockton,

    Visit www.sap-img.com...Try to explore SD SECTION from scratch!!!

    All the best!!!

    Regds

    MM

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    Former Member
    Sep 25, 2007 at 05:52 PM

    HI Stockton,

    1. Try to start with the Basic Concepts of SD which are given Below:

    SD FLOW/ OVERVIEW:

    Sales

    Inquiry - A customer’s request to a company that they provide a quotation or sales information without obligation. An inquiry can relate to materials or services, conditions and if necessary delivery dates. The sales area that accepts the inquiry becomes responsible for further processing.

    Quotation - A quotation presents the customer with a legally binding offer for delivering a product or providing a service within certain fixed conditions. This offer is legally binding for the company within a specified time period. A sales area can reply to a customer inquiry with a customer quotation or use it to refer to a business partner contact.

    Sales Order - Request from a customer to a company to deliver a defined quantity of products or provide a service at a certain time.

    The sales area that accepts the inquiry is responsible for completing the agreement.

    Create Delivery:a. Picking - The picking process involves taking goods from a storage location and staging the right quantity in a picking area where the goods will be prepared for shipping.

    b. Packing - Packing is part of delivery- and shipment processing. When you process a delivery, you can select delivery items for packing and assign them to handling units (HUs).

    c. Goods Issue - As soon as the goods leave the company, the shipping business activity is finished. This is illustrated using goods issue for outbound deliveries.

    Billing - Billing represents the final processing stage for a business transaction in Sales and Distribution. Information on billing is available at every stage of order processing and delivery processing.

    Sales Order Management Transactions

    SALES ORDER PROCESSING

    Creating Sales Order - VA01

    Maintaining a Sales Order - VA02

    Displaying a Sales Order - VA03

    Releasing an Order or Delivery from Credit Hold: Non-Flooring - VKM1

    Display List of RMAs by Customer - VA05

    Confirm RMA Goods Receipt - VL02

    Generate list of open return orders for deletion - VA05

    Display Customer returns eligibility - MCSI

    Removing a Billing Block (Approving Credit/Debit Requests) - V.23

    PRICING MASTER DATA

    Create Pricing - VK11

    Creating a Sales Deal - VB21

    Maintaining a Sales Deal - VB22

    Displaying a Sales Deal - VB23

    Maintaining Prices - VK12

    Displaying Prices - VK13

    MATERIAL MASTER DATA

    Creating Material Substitution Master Data - VB11

    Maintaining/Deleting Material Substitution Master Data - VB12

    Displaying Material Substitution Master Data - VB13

    Creating a Bundled Master - MM01

    Creating a Sales BOM - CS01

    Maintaining a Sales BOM - CS02

    Displaying a Sales BOM - CS03

    CUSTOMER MASTER DATA

    Creating Partner Records - XD01

    Maintaining Customer Master Data - XD02

    Displaying Customer Master Data - XD03

    Deactivating a Partner - VD06

    CUSTOMER CREDIT INFO

    Creating/Maintaining New Customer Credit Information - FD32

    Displaying Customer Credit Information - FD33

    Blocking or Unblocking a Customer - VD05

    SHIPPING

    Creating a Delivery - VL01N

    Displaying a Delivery - VL03N

    Changing a Delivery - VL02N

    Shipment Inquiry / Display - VT03

    Adjusting Transfer Order - Confirmation Quantity - LT12

    Collectively Confirm Transfer Order - LT25

    Batch Shipment Confirmation - VL19

    PGI Reversal Cancellation - VL09

    Creating Service Provider/Carrier Master Data - XK01

    Maintaining Serive Provider/Carrier Master Data - XK02

    Displaying Service Provider/Carrier Master Data - XK03

    Maintaining Product Master/Serial # Profile/Unit of Measure/Shipping Unit - MM02

    IDoc Inquiry - WE02 / WE05

    BILLING

    Invoicing a Customer Shipment - VF01

    Reprinting an Invoice - VF31

    Releasing a Sales Order for Billing - V.23

    Creating an Invoice by Using the Billing Due List - VF04

    Checking Open Billing Documents - VF05

    Create Credit/Debit Memo - FB01

    A/R

    Controlling Total Debit/Credit bkgs - F.03

    Generate FI Account balance - F.08

    Generate Month-to-date Inv. register - F.02

    Process payments - FBZ1

    Rqst Individual Customer Corresp. - FB12

    Generate Customer Correspondence - F.61

    Enter Batch totals under Control ttl - FB07

    Display G/L Acct. totals - FBL3N

    Reverse Posted Amounts - FB08

    Customer Refunds - FBL6

    Customer Refund to other than Payer - FB05

    Clearing Debit/Credit on Cust. acct. - FB1D

    Customer Balance in Local Currency - F.23

    G/L Account Balance Report - F.08

    Create Invoice - legal entity adjust - FB01

    Generate Cust. Acct. statements - F.27

    Generate Dunning Letters - F150

    Generate Billing Due List - VF04

    Generate Blocked Billing Doc list - VFX3

    Inq. via Credit Release Screen - VKM1

    List orders by partner - VA05

    Past Due invoices by customer - FD11

    Check number info by G/L account - FBL3N

    Display customer Line items - FBL5N

    SD Configuration:

    Enterprise Structure:

    1. Maintaining Sales Organization

    Sales Organization is an organizational unit responsible for the sale of certain products or services.

    IMG -> Enterprise Structure -> Definition -> Sales and Distribution -> Define, copy, delete, check Sales organization

    2. Assigning Sales Organization to Company Code

    This assignment ensures all the sales made through this Sales Organization are accounted for in the assigned Company Code (Company Code is created by FI Consultant).

    IMG -> Enterprise Structure -> Assignment -> Sales and Distribution -> Assign Sales Organziation to Company Code

    3. Maintaining Distribution Channel

    Distribution Channel is the way, in which Products or Services reach Customers.

    IMG -> Enterprise Structure -> Definition -> Sales and Distribution -> Define, copy, delete, check distribution channel

    4. Assigning Distribution Channel to Sales Organization

    This assignment ensures, a Sales Organization can supply Materials to Customers through this Distribution Channel.

    IMG -> Enterprise Structure -> Assignment -> Sales and Distribution > Assign distribution channel to sales organization

    5. Maintaining Division

    Division is a way of grouping materials, products, or services.

    IMG -> Enterprise Structure -> Definition -> Logistics - General -> Define, copy, delete, check division

    6. Assigning Division to Sales Organization

    IMG -> Enterprise Structure -> Assignment -> Sales and Distribution -> Assign division to sales organization

    7. Setting up Sales Area

    All the sales are made from a particular sales Area. For creating a Sales Order Sales Area is compulsory.

    IMG ->Enterprise Structure -> Assignment -> Sales and Distribution -> Set up sales area

    8. Assigning Sales Organization- Distribution Channel- Plant

    Plant is created ny MM Consultant.

    IMG -> Enterprise Structure -> Assignment -> Sales and Distribution -> Assign sales organization - distribution channel - plant

    9. Define Shipping Points

    Shipping Point is the Organizational element, which is responsible for shipping the Materials to the Customers.

    IMG -> Enterprise Structure -> Definition -> Logistics Execution -> Define, copy, delete, check shipping point

    10 Assigning Shipping Point to Plant

    This assignment ensures that goods from different Plant can be dispatched from different Shipping Points.

    IMG -> Enterprise Structure -> Assignment -> Logistics Execution -> Assign shipping point to plant

    Note: Ensure to do the undermentioned configuration also though it is not in Customizing node of Enterprise Structure.

    11. Defining Common Distribution Channels for Master Data

    Use

    The purpose of this activity is to define distribution channels which have common master data..

    Procedure

    Access the activity using one of the following navigation options:

    IMG Menu -> Sales and Distribution -> Master Data -> Define Common Distribution Channels

    Transaction Code: VOR1

    12. Defining Common Divisions for Master DataUse

    The purpose of this activity is to define distribution channels which have common master data..

    Procedure

    Access the activity using one of the following navigation options:

    IMG Menu -> Sales and Distribution -> Master Data -> Define Common Division

    Transaction Code: VOR2

    Pricing Procedure

    In SD, Pricing Procedure is determined based on Sales Area (Sales Organization + Distribution Centre + Division) + Customer Pricing Procedure + Document Pricing Procedure. Sales Area is determined in Sales Order Header Level. Customer Pricing Procedure is determined from Customer Master. Document Pricing Procedure is determined from Sales Document Type / Billing Type (if configured). Once the pricing procedure is determined, Condition records are fetched. If appropriate condition records are found, the price is determined. If Mandatory pricing condition is missing, system will through an error message.

    In SD, the steps to configure Pricing procedure are as under:

    Step 1:

    Condition table: If existing condition table meets the requirement, we need not create a new condition table. Considering the requirement for new condition table, the configuration will be done in spro as follows: IMG --> Sales & Distribution --> Basic Function --> Pricing Control --> Condition Table (select the required fields combination, which will store condition record).

    Step 2:

    Access Sequence: If existing access sequence meets the requirement, we need not create a new access sequence. Considering the requirement for new sequence, the configuration will be done in spro as follows: IMG --> Sales & Distribution --> Basic Function --> Pricing Control --> Access Sequence (Access sequence is made up of Accesses (Tables) & the order of priority in which it is to be accessed. Here we assign the condition table to access sequence.

    Step 3:

    Condition Type: If existing condition type meets the requirement, we need not create a new condition type. Considering the requirement for new condition type, the configuration will be done in spro as follows: IMG --> Sales & Distribution --> Basic Function --> Pricing Control --> Condition Type. It is always recommended to copy an existing similar condition type & make the neccessary changes. Here we assign Access sequence to Condition type.

    Step 4:

    a. Pricing Procedure: It is recommended to copy a similar pricing procedure & make the neccesary changes in new pricing procedure. Pricing Procedure is a set of condition type & arranged in the sequence in which it has to perform the calculation. Considering the requirement for new Pricing Procedure, the configuration will be done in spro as follows: IMG --> Sales & Distribution --> Basic Function --> Pricing Control --> Pricing Procedure --> Maintain Pricing Procedure.

    b. Pricing Procedure: After maintaining the pricing procedure the next step will be determination of pricing procedure. Configuration for determining pricing procedure in SPRO is as follows: IMG --> Sales & Distribution --> Basic Function --> Pricing Control --> Pricing Procedure --> Determine Pricing Procedure.

    5. Condition record: Condition record is a master data, which is required to be maintained by Core team / person responsible from the client. During new implementation, the condition records can be uploaded using tools like SCAT, LSMW, etc.

    Normal Sales Order Cycle:-

    Step 1: Sales Document Type

    IMG > Sales and Distribution > Sales > Sales Documents >

    Sales Document Header:

    1. Sales Document Type:The sales document types represent the different business transactions, such as Inquiry, Quotation, Sales Order, etc. To create new sales order type, always copy as with reference to similar sales order. If possible use standard sales order.

    2. Define Number Ranges For Sales Documents: Maintain number range with discussion with core team.

    3. Assign Sales Area To Sales Document Types:

    A. Combine sales organizations / Combine distribution channels / Combine divisions: Ensure to maintain these, else Sales Order creation will give error.

    B. Assign sales order types permitted for sales areas: Assign only required Sales Order Types to required Sales Area. This will minimize selection of Sales Order Type as per sales area.

    Sales Document Item:

    1. Define Item Categories: If possible use Standard Item Category. Incase if required to create new, copy as from standard & maintain New.

    2. Assign Item Categories: If possible, use standard. Formula for deriving item category: Sales Document Type + Item Category Group + Usage + Higher Level Item Category = Item Category

    Schedule Line:

    1. Define Schedule Line Categories: If possible use Standard Schedule Lines. Incase if required to create new, copy as from standard & maintain New.

    2. Assign Schedule Line Categories: If possible, use standard. Formula for deriving Schedule Line: Item Category + MRP Type / No MRP Type.

    Step 2:

    IMG > Logistic Execution > Shipping > Deliveries >

    1. Define Delivery Types: If possible use Standard Delivery Type. Incase if required to create new, copy as from standard & maintain New.

    2. Define Item Categories for Deliveries: If possible use Standard Item Categories for Delivery Type. Incase if required to create new, copy as from standard & maintain New.

    3. Define Number Ranges for Deliveries: Ensure to maintain number range.

    Step 3:

    IMG > Sales and Distribution > Billing >

    1. Define Billing Types: If possible use Standard Billing Type. Incase if required to create new, copy as from standard & maintain New.

    2. Define Number Range For Billing Documents: Ensure to maintain number range.

    3. Maintain Copying Control For Billing Documents: Maintain relevant copy controls such as Sales Order to Billing, Deliver to Billing, etc.

    he configuration differs from scenario to scenario & requirement of the client.

    Interesting &important link to learn much more about configuration & business process is as under:

    Link: http://help.sap.com/

    Path: SAP Best Practices --> Baseline Packages --> Based on SAP ECC 5.00 --> Select Country: for eg, Localized for India --> Technical Information --> Building Blocks --> Select Country for eg, India --> List of Basic Configuration & scenarios will be listed.

    Select the required basic configuration / scenario. These will consist of overview, configuration guide, business process, master data &so on.

    SD FLOW

    SD Flow Cycle:

    INQUIRY ( VA11)

    |

    QUOTATION (VA21)

    |

    PURCHASE ORDER (ME21)

    |

    ORDER CONFIRMATION (VA01)

    |

    PICKING LIST – (VL36)

    |

    PACKING LIST - (VL02, VL01)

    |

    SHIPPING – (VT01)

    |

    INVOICE – (VF21, VF01)

    |

    AR

    2.Hope aware that SAP- SD itself the Big one.try to Explore the various Scenarios in SD and be Stong in Some Areas like Pricing, Intercompany Billing, Third Party Sales, LSWM, EDI Etc.,

    3.The link between SD and MM: -

    1. When you create sales order in SD, all the details of the items are copied from Material master of MM.

    2. MRP and availability check related data is also taken from MM although you control this data in SD also.

    3. While you create inbound/outbound delivery with reference to a sales order, the shipping point determination takes place with the help of the loading group, plant data, shipping conditions etc. This also refers to Material Master.

    4. The material which you are entering in a sales order must be extended to the sales area of your sales order/customer otherwise you cannot transact with this material.

    There are many such links between SD and MM.

    SD INTEGRATON WITH MM

    1a. Looking at MM and SD interaction first, take the scenario of a third party order process. This process uses a purchase order (which is sent to your vendor). Also invoice verification is used further along the process to check that the invoice you send to your customer is the same material and quantity as that which the vendor sends to you (but obviously shipped

    directly to your customer).

    1b. Billing is an SD function. But SAP needs to know, when processing a customer's payment, to which GL account the payment has to be processed. For instance payment of a UK based material would be placed in a different GL account to that of a non-UK based material. Furthermore, a UK based customer may have a different GL account to that of an Export customer. This is configured in Account Determination.

    2. ABAPers are there to essential do some bespoke development. Your integration, or interaction, with them would be when specifying the tables, fields, input fields, a simple process explanation, data mapping (if doing an interface from one system to another) etc. *-- Shahee

    The link between SD and MM :-

    1. When you create sales order in SD, all the details of the items are copied from Material master of MM.

    2. MRP and availability check related data is also taken from MM although you control this data in SD also.

    3. While you create inbound/outbound delivery with reference to a sales order, the shipping point determination takes place with the help of the loading group, plant data, shipping conditions etc. This also refers to Material Master.

    4. The material which you are entering in a sales order must be extended to the sales area of your sales order/customer otherwise you cannot transact with this material.

    There are many such links between SD and MM

    In Pricing we would want to determine the cost of the product

    thru VPRS Condition Type. This cost of the material is

    picked from the Material Master. How this happens is, if

    we would want to determine this cost VPRS in the Sales Order

    for Profitability purpose then , all those Item categories

    that can appear in a sales order must be activated for

    Determine Cost Check box in customizing. That’s one of the SD

    MM Integration.

    Please go through the below Link,

    http://sap-img.com/sap-sd/link-between-sap-sd-mm-and-fi.htm

    Hope Clarifies your doubts and Please Reward If Really Helpful,

    Thanks and Regards,

    Sateesh.Kandula

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    Former Member
    Oct 11, 2007 at 08:07 PM

    Thanks to Every one for the valuable information. I am closing this posting.

    Thanks again

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