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Former Member

Responce,,,,,,,,

Hi fnds,

What is the Use of route determination ?How can it Link with Sales and Distribution,

Please give me Clear Clarification.

Thanks in advance

Regards

Ram

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5 Answers

  • author's profile photo Former Member
    Former Member
    Posted on Sep 21, 2007 at 05:40 AM

    hi

    Distance and other geographical considerations play an important role when calculating shipment costs.

    You can define shipment cost conditions as dependent upon these considerations. For example, when defining a condition table in Customizing, you can select fields such as departure zone, destination region, destination postal code, and so on.

    You define the condition tables for shipment costing in SD Customizing: Logistics Execution ® Transportation ® Shipment Costs ® Pricing ® Pricing Control ® Define price dependencies (condition tables).

    For further information on the role of the condition table in pricing, see Condition Tables.

    Features

    You have the following options for representing geographical considerations in the system as part of pricing:

    Distances

    The distance can be used as a scale basis and calculation rule during the calculation of shipment costs. The distance can be stored in the shipment header or the shipment stage header. The distance can be entered in the following ways:

    - Manually

    You can enter the distance manually in the shipment document

    - Routes and route stages

    You can maintain the distance in route definition in Customizing for both routes and route stages. When the corresponding route is used, this value is copied to the shipment document as a system proposal.

    - Customer enhancement for distance determination

    If you want to determine distances automatically, you can activate a customer enhancement (enhancement ‘V56DISTZ’), for user-defined distance determination.

    Locations and zones

    You have the following options for the origin of locations and zones that can be used to influence shipment costing. They are categorized into departure and destination-related data:

    - Address data

    Data such as the country, region, postal code or transportation zone that can be used as fields to define the condition tables, can be taken from the shipment address data.

    - Determination of tariff zones

    You can set the automatic determination of tariff zones in Customizing. A tariff zone is the combination of a postal code area for a country. The tariff zone is defined in terms of the

    · Transportation planning point

    · Service agents

    · Shipping type

    · Country

    . For example, a postal code area has been assigned to a predefined tariff zone for a combination of transportation planning point, service agent, etc. If the system does not find a valid tariff zone for these criteria, it carries out determination again with an "empty" shipping type.

    With the corresponding system settings, the tariff zone is determined automatically when it creates a shipment cost item. That is, when it creates a shipment cost document or when another item is created manually.

    Prerequisites

    If you want the system to determine distances from the route or route stage, you must maintain the distances in Customizing for route definition. You make these settings in Customizing: Sales and Distribution ® Basic Functions ® Routes ® Define Routes ® Define routes and stages.

    If you want to use tariff zones for shipment costing, you must define them in Customizing and select them there for automatic determination. You make these settings in Customizing: Logistics Execution ® Transportation ® Shipment Costs ® Basic Shipping Functions ® Define and assign tariff zones.

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  • author's profile photo Former Member
    Former Member
    Posted on Sep 21, 2007 at 05:41 AM

    Hi

    Refer below

    http://help.sap.com/saphelp_46c/helpdata/en/dd/5607da545a11d1a7020000e829fd11/content.htm

    Route can be determined in sales order with the help of 5 parameters: depart country, shipping conditions in customer master record, transportation group in material master, destination country, and weight group.

    Weight group plays a vital role. The purpose of route detrmination is like in scenario's where company will ship goods to the customer in various ways not only that it has optional of having n number of routes select the best one & based on his customer priority (time & money.) for sending samples company will go for air, for delivering ordered goods it can go for different mode of transportation & routes.

    Configuration part:

    SPRO > LE - Shipping - Basic shipping functions Routes

    Define Routes:

    Define mode of transportation

    Define shipping types.

    Asssign shipping types to mode of transportation.

    Define Routes and Stages

    Maintain Stages For All Routes

    Route Determination:

    Define Transportation Zones

    Maintain Country And Transportation Zone For Shipping Point

    Define Transportation Groups

    Define Weight Groups

    Maintain Route Determination in the combination of

    a) Departure country/Departure Zone - maintained in shipping point configuration

    b) Shipping condition from the sales order

    c) Transportation planning group mantained in General/Plant view of material master.

    d) Destination country/Transportation zone maintained in General view -Address of Customer master of Ship to Party

    route-determination

    route-determination-process

    Message was edited by:

    SHESAGIRI.G

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  • author's profile photo Former Member
    Former Member
    Posted on Sep 21, 2007 at 05:43 AM

    hi

    Route Determination

    · Route may consist of different stages and different transportation connection

    points or legs.

    · The material can be transported from source to destination by using different

    modes of transports with different shipment types.

    · Route can be determined for a line item in the sales order.

    · Route can be re-determined at delivery document header level by taking “Weight

    Group” into consideration.

    · Each line item in the sales document will have its own route, each line item route

    will be copied to delivery document header.

    Configuration Settings:

    1. Define Modes of Transport:

    Ex.: Road, Train etc.

    Menu Path: IMG / Sales and Distribution / Basic Functions / Routes / Define

    Routes / Define Modes of Transports.

    Here we create our own modes of transport and assign the shipping types

    2. Define Shipping Types:

    Menu Path: IMG / Sales and Distribution / Basic Functions / Routes / Define

    Routes / Define Shipping Types

    Here we assign modes of transport to the shipping types

    3. Define Transportation Connection Points:

    Menu Path: Menu Path: IMG / Sales and Distribution / Basic Functions / Routes /

    Define Routes / Define Transportation Connection Points

    · Transportation Connection Point can be a Airport, Border crossing or a

    railway station.

    · Transportation connection point is a source or a destination.

    4. Define Routes and Stages:

    Menu Path: Menu Path: IMG / Sales and Distribution / Basic Functions / Routes /

    Define Routes / Define Routes and Stages

    Choose an existing route, copy and create our own route SUZ001

    Enter the data as shown

    If you want to create a service agent, use T. Code: V-11

    Specify Company Code and Account Group = 0005 – Forwarding Agent, enter

    the relevant data as required.

    Also enter rest of the information as required seen in the screen shot.

    : It is a pre-requisite for transportation for this route.

    Save it. Highlight our Route and click on “Route Stages”. Following screen will

    appear. Go to “New Entries” and enter the data as shown.

    Leg Indicator:

    There are 5 types of legs:

    · Preliminary Leg

    · Main Leg

    · Direct Leg

    · Return Leg

    · Subsequent Leg

    : It is a pre-requisite for calculating shipment cost for this particular

    stage by using SDFC00 pricing procedure.

    Until now what we did was a pre-requisite for the route determination. Now let us do the

    route determination.

    Route Determination:

    5. Define Transportation Zone:

    Menu Path: Menu Path: IMG / Sales and Distribution / Basic Functions / Routes /

    Route Determination / Define Transportation Zones

    Transportation Zone represents Ship-to Party region or Vendor region. System

    uses transportation zone as one of the factor to determine the route for a line item

    in the sales order.

    We go to the “new entries” and define transportation zone for country.

    Then we go to the Customer Master Data in XD01 / XD02 and assign

    Transportation Zone in the Address tab of the General Data Section.

    6. Maintain Country and Transportation Zone for Shipping Point:

    Menu Path: Menu Path: IMG / Sales and Distribution / Basic Functions / Routes /

    Route Determination / Maintain Country and Transportation Zone for Shipping Point

    7. Define Transportation Group: We can define Transportation Group if it is not

    available according to our requirements

    8. Define Weight Group: We can define Weight group if is not available according

    to our requirements

    9. Maintain Route Determination:

    Menu Path: Menu Path: IMG / Sales and Distribution / Basic Functions / Routes /

    Route Determination / Maintain Route Determination

    Route Determination is done for the line item by taking 4 factors in to considerations

    1. Country of Departure Zone

    2. Country of Destination Zone

    3. Shipping Conditions (From Sales Document Header)

    4. Transportation group (From Material Master)

    Go to “new entries’ and enter the data as shown

    Select the route and the double click on the “Route Determination Without Weight

    Group”. Go to “new entries” and enter the following data

    Here SC – Shipping Conditions (01 - Standard)

    TGroup – Transportation group (0004 – on Train)

    Proposed Route – SUZ001 (Our Route)

    Save it and create order in VA01, Go to Shipping Tab in the item level data and Check

    for the entry of the route determination as shown below.

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  • author's profile photo Former Member
    Former Member
    Posted on Sep 21, 2007 at 05:43 AM

    Hi Venkat

    Follwoing is the Route determination Process and setup of transportation.

    Step: 1

    Maintain Purchase Organization

    Path: Spro—Enterprise Structure—Definition—Materials Management—Maintain Purchasing Organization.

    Step: 2

    Create Purchasing Group

    Path: Spro—Materials Management—Purchasing—Create Purchasing Group.

    Step: 3

    Maintain Transportation Planning Point to Company Code.

    Path: Spro—Enterprise Structure—Definition—Logistics Execution—Maintain Transportation Planning Point

    Step: 3A

    Assign Transportation planning point to company code.

    Step: 4

    Assign Purchasing Organization to Company Code.

    Path: Spro—Enterprise Structure—Assignment—Materials management—Assign Purchasing Organization to Company Code.

    Step: 5

    Assign Purchasing Organization to Plant.

    Path: Spro—Enterprise Structure—Assignment—Materials management-- Assign Purchasing Organization to Plant

    DEFINE ROUTES

    Step: 6

    Define Modes of Transport

    Path: Spro—Logistics Execution—Transportation—Basic Transportation Function---Routes—Define Routes—Define Modes of Transport.

    Step: 7

    Define Shipping Types

    Path: Under the Same Menu path---Define Shipping Types

    Select New Entries and Assign the Shipping Type (e.g. Road or Train) and Assign Mode of Transport (Mdtr) and Assign Shipping type Procedure group.

    Step: 8

    Define Transportation Connection Point

    Path: Under the Same Menu path--- Define Transportation Connection Point.

    Here we have to maintain the Shipment Starting Zone and Shipment Destination Zone. For E.g. Here Balanagar is the Shipment Departure Zone and Chennai is the Shipment Destination zone.

    Step: 9

    Define Routes and Stages.

    Path: Under the Same Menu path--- Define Routes and Stages.

    Step: 10

    Maintain Stages for all Routes.

    Path: Under the Same Menu path---Maintain Stages for all Routes.

    Step: 11

    ROUTE DETERMINATION

    Define Transportation Zone

    Path: Spro—Logistics Execution—Transportation—Basic Transportation Function---Routes—Route Determination—Define Transportation Zone.

    Here u assign the route for ur transportation Zone.

    Step: 12

    Maintain County and Transportation Zone for Shipping Point.

    Path: Under the Same Menu path--- Maintain County and Transportation Zone for Shipping Point.

    Step: 13

    Define Transportation Groups.

    Path: Under the Same Menu path---Define Transportation Groups.

    :Step 14

    Maintain Route Determination

    Path: Under the Same Menu path--Maintain Route Determination.

    Select New Entries and Define the Route Determination.

    Step: 15

    Define Shipment Types

    Path: Spro—Logistics Execution—Transportation—Basic Transportation Function—Shipments—Define Shipment Types.

    I hope this will be useful to u.

    Reward if it helps u.

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  • author's profile photo Former Member
    Former Member
    Posted on Sep 21, 2007 at 05:47 AM

    Hi raju,

    Route determination is how you will deliver the material to your customer.

    Requirements for Route Schedules

    The route schedules are determined by the following conditions:

    · Shipping point

    Where are the goods coming from?

    Ship-to party and unloading point

    Where are the goods going to?

    Shipping condition

    How are the goods being shipped?

    Transportation group

    Which goods are shipped?

    ® For example, which type of goods?

    Calendar week / year

    When are the goods to be shipped?

    If you do not explicitly enter the week and the year, the entry applies for each calendar week. If you enter a week and a year, the route schedule only applies for this week.

    You can only use route schedules if you have maintained the working times and therefore at least one of the following times in minutes:

    · Transportation planning time

    · Pick/pack time

    · Loading time

    · Transit time

    A route schedule can leave the warehouse exactly once in a week. If a route schedule runs several times, either on several days or several times a day, it must be copied to another route schedule.

    Special schedules and public holiday weeks are possible.

    "Insted of writing Responce/Hi/ etc in subject line, write the topic name"

    Reward point if it helps.

    rgds

    Bidhu

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