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pricing

Hi sap prof,

Can u ask some of the questions that are freuently asked in Pricing in the interviews.

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    author's profile photo
    Former Member
    Posted on Aug 20, 2007 at 09:31 AM

    1. What should you do if R/3 standard pricing doesn't meet your requirements?

    2. What should you remember if you define your own condition type?

    3. What is a condition table?

    4. What is a condition record?

    5. What is an access sequence?

    6. What is a pricing procedure and how is it determined?

    7. What is particular about header conditions?

    8. What are group conditions?

    9. What do you know about manual pricing changes?

    10. How are statistical conditions flagged?

    11. What are condition supplements?

    12. Condition records can be created with reference to an existing condition?

    13. To create price changes you must create a new condition record?

    14. Condition records can be created by copying an existing condition record?

    15. Copy rules control the copying of condition records?

    16. Your organization has its own pricing condition types and linked to their own condition tables. They would like to maintain the records from a central area. How can they accomplish this?

    17. We need to provide a customer with prices for a select group of materials. What tool does SAP provide us to accomplish this?

    18. How can we create a condition record that we will not be used in the pricing determination but be able to be used for planning purposes in CO-PA?

    19. What is the purpose of a group condition?

    20. How can SAP handle multiply levels of a customer or product hierarchy in one condition record.

    and some more as below:

    What is Rush Order?

    What is highest organizational unit in SD? Define?

    Effect of sales returns after delivering the goods issue (partially delivery) for a single order?

    What is pricing limits?

    What is customer material info record? What are the important fields?

    What is sales order process?

    What is item category?

    What is credit control? And the credit management?

    What is automatic credit control?

    Define Inquiry, Quotation & order?

    Where do we can find pricing procedure indicator in sd ?

    Where do we assign calender in the master records?

    What is the importance of customer account groups?

    What are incoterms? Where do we fix them? Where do you find in regular process?

    What is the standard group condition routine in condition type, what is its importance?

    What are the customizing settings in pricing procedure for tax condition type?

    What is the difference between PGI cancellation and returns order?

    regards

    AK

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    Former Member
    Posted on Aug 20, 2007 at 09:33 AM

    Hi

    Basic Questions asked in the interview are>>

    1..What is Condition Table?

    2.What is Access Sequence?

    3.What is the use of Exclusive Indicator in Acess Sequence?

    4.what are all the steps 16 Steps of Pricing Proceedure and its Usage?

    5.What is Exclusion?

    6.What Is Group Condition?

    7.What is Graduated to Inerval Scale?

    8.What is Conditon Index and its Use?

    9.What is Conditin Update and Its use?

    10.How Pricing Proceedure is Determined?

    11.What is header and Item condition Give some exmple?

    Regards

    MBS

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    Former Member
    Posted on Aug 20, 2007 at 09:34 AM

    hi

    1. Could you explain what condition technique in SAP is?

    Hierarchy of elements defining a data combination which leads to certain actions.

    In pricing the condition technique refers to the method by which the system determines prices from

    information stored in condition records. In Sales and Distribution, the various elements used in the

    condition technique are set up and controlled in Customizing. During sales order processing, the

    system uses the condition technique to determine a variety of important pricing information.

    2. Name three areas/processes which use condition technique in SD?

    Material determination, Output determination, Account determination.

    3. What are the four basic elements of condition technique?

    Condition Types, Condition Tables, Access Sequences, Pricing Procedures.

    Please explain graphically the relationship between the four basic elements in condition techniques?

    Procedures à Condition Types à Access Sequence à Condition Tables à Condition Records.

    4. Explain what a pricing procedure is?

    The primary job of a pricing procedure is to define a group of condition types in a particular sequence.

    The pricing procedure also determines:

    • Which sub*totals appear during pricing

    • To what extent pricing can be influenced manually

    • Which method the system uses to calculate percentage discounts and surcharges

    • which requirements for a particular condition type must be fulfilled before the system takes the

    condition into account.

    5. Explain what a condition table and an access sequence is and the relationship between

    them?

    A condition table defines the combination of fields (the key) that identifies an individual condition

    record. A condition record is how the system stores the specific condition data that you enter in the

    system as condition records. For example, when you enter the price for a product or a special discount

    for a good customer, you create individual condition records.

    An access sequence is a search strategy that the system uses to find valid data for a particular

    condition type. It determines the sequence in which the system searches for data. The access

    sequence consists of one or more accesses. The sequence of the accesses establishes which condition

    records have priority over others. The accesses tell the system where to look first, second, and so on,

    until it finds a valid condition record. You specify an access sequence for each condition type for which

    you create condition records.

    6. What is a condition type? What are the two main groups of condition types?

    A condition type is a representation in the system of some aspect of your daily pricing activities. For

    example, you can define a different condition type for each kind of price, discount, or surcharge that

    occurs in your business transactions.

    Fixed Amount & Percentage.

    7. Is SD the only module that uses condition technique?

    No.

    8. What is a condition supplement and why would you use it?

    A condition supplement is a supplement for a particular condition type. For example, you can include a

    supplement every time you apply a material price. The supplement can contain various discounts.

    During pricing, the system automatically applies the discounts defined in the supplement every time it

    accesses a material price. You define for which condition types you want to use condition supplements

    in Customizing for Sales.

    9. Which partner function is relevant when it comes to tax calculation in the sales order?

    Ship*to party.

    10. Name at least three different condition types in pricing?

    Price, Discounts, Freight. PROO, K007, KF00.

    You can create scales for prices and discounts. Name the four possible scale basis in R/3.

    Value, Quantity, Gross weight, Net weight, Volume.

    Where would you specify that a condition type is a discount or a surcharge?

    In Condition Type Details Screen.

    11. If somebody adds price elements manually in the sales order or if somebody changes a

    discount the system determined automatically, do you have a possibility to see that in the

    sales order?

    Yes.

    12. You want to list all condition records for a certain material or a certain sales organization.

    How would you do that?

    By creating Pricing Reports.

    13. Does the pricing procedure apply for the pricing data at item level or for the pricing data at

    header level?

    Both.

    When you create a header condition manually in the sales order the system can copy the values in

    different ways to the items. Where would you specify how the system should process?

    Condition Type.

    14. Which data do you have to maintain in SD so that the system can determine the sales taxes

    in the sales order automatically?

    Tax rate with or without Jurisdiction.

    15. What does the condition exclusion indicator do for you?

    The system can exclude conditions so that they are not taken into account during pricing in sales

    documents.

    16. Can you explain what a statistical condition is? Give an example for a statistical condition?

    VPRS.

    For what do you use customer hierarchies?

    Pricing , Rebate.

    17. Can you track cumulative values in R/3? If yes, it could be based on what?

    Yes. Maximum Value, Maximum Orders, Maximum Quantity.

    18. If you want to make sure that conditions records apply for a certain time period only what

    would you have to do?

    Validity Period to be specified in condition record.

    19. What is a group condition?

    Condition which can be used to determine a scale value based on more than one item in a document.

    The system groups the items using either the condition key for the appropriate condition record or a

    separately defined condition key.

    Name the influencing factors for pricing procedure determination during sales order entry?

    Customer, Sales Document Type and Sales Area.

    20. Can you copy condition records? If yes, are there any restrictions?

    Yes. Field specific.

    21. If you create a new condition type*do you also have to create a new condition table and a

    new access sequence?

    Yes.

    22. Where can you specify that a condition is mandatory?

    In Pricing Procedure.

    Tax jurisdiction processing is a close link between which two modules?

    FI & SD.

    23. Do you have to create a condition record for taxes in the SD application?

    Yes.

    Pricing Conditions

    Q: It is impossible to price at the material level (matnr) , when a material has a pricing reference (mvke-pmatn) set up against it in the master data. Pricing always look for the pref, even if a price is set up against the material and not the pref. How can we price by material and pref?

    A: The field used to look up at the price is defined in Access sequence. You may find a step with PMATN as material number. If you insert a step with MATNR then the system will first look for the material, if not found (use the exclusion tick box) it will look for the pref.

    Customizing

    Q: We generated a new condition table. Assigned the condition to access sequence. Created a condition record. Access sequence is assigned to the output type. But when we create a billing document, output screen comes up blank for the output type. When we look up Determination Analysis, we get an error "Note 524 Access not made (Initialized Field)". What else is required to be done?

    A: Assign output determination procedure to the header of the document and the output type.

    Q: How can we set up to have the VAT# be accepted in the Ship-To Master File Data Control screen?

    A: IMG->Fin. Acct.->AR and AP ->Customer acct->Master Record -> Prepare to Create Customer-> Define Acct. Group.

    Q: We want to explode Bill of Material automatically at time of Order entry and explode an Equipment BOM in the sales order. What are the setting required?

    A: Use an item category that is configured for bills of material for having a sales BOM to explode automatically.

    Standard SAP item categories are :

    TAQ - Pricing and inventory control take place at the BOM header level

    TAP - Pricing and inventory control take place at the BOM item level

    These can be automatically derived using the item category groups ERLA and LUMF, respectively.

    Q: How can we make the Customer Group 1 (or 2, 3, 4, 5) a mandatory field?

    A: Logistic General-> Logistics Basic Data: Business Partners -> Customers -> Control -> Define account groups and field selection for customer

    Choose Customer Acct. GR. (double-click). -> Field Status: Sales data (double click) -> sales (double click) .Check the radio button against Customer Gr as REQ. ENTRY. Save the settings to make customer GR entry mandatory .

    Q: Is there an user exit to copy the data into planning table?

    A: Use user exit MCP20001 and include ZXSOPU01.

    WHAT IS THE AIM OF PRICING

    WHAT SHOULD YOU DO IF R/3 STANDARD PRICING DOES'NT MEET YOUR REQUIREMENT

    WHAT SHOULD YOU REMEMBER IF YOU DEFINE YOUR OWN CONDITION TYPE

    WHAT IS A CONDITION TABLE

    Condition table defines the key fields used for a condition record

    WHAT IS A CONDITON RECORD

    WHAT IS AN ACESS SEQUENCE

    Defines the search strategy for locating the proper condition record.

    WHAT IS A PRICING PROCEDURE AND HOW IS IT DETERMINED

    It is a sequential list of condition types and sub totals used to calculate the price

    At header and item level of a document

    Reward if USeful

    Thanx & Regards

    Naren..

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    Former Member
    Posted on Aug 20, 2007 at 09:36 AM

    Hi

    Q: It is impossible to price at the material level (matnr) , when a material has a pricing reference (mvke-pmatn) set up against it in the master data. Pricing always look for the pref, even if a price is set up against the material and not the pref. How can we price by material and pref?

    A: The field used to look up at the price is defined in Access sequence. You may find a step with PMATN as material number. If you insert a step with MATNR then the system will first look for the material, if not found (use the exclusion tick box) it will look for the pref.

    http://www.sap-img.com/sap-sd.htm

    http://www.erpgenie.com/faq/sd.htm

    http://www.saptechies.com/category/sales-and-distribution/

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    Former Member
    Posted on Aug 20, 2007 at 09:37 AM

    hi

    1) what is the use of VPRS?requirement/step/from and to?

    2)how do u calculate net price on mrp based?

    3)what are the pricing elements in pricing procedure?

    4)how system determines ther pricing procedure in sales order?

    5)what is the use of "pricing update" field in sales order and condition type?

    6)what is pricing procedure?

    7)

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    Former Member
    Posted on Aug 20, 2007 at 09:37 AM

    They may ask anything related to pricing as it is the backbone of SD. But still mostly likely questions can be

    1.The 16 fields of Pricing screen

    2. What do you mean by Alternative condition base value and alternation calculation type in pricing screen?

    3. How does pricing gets determined?

    4. What do you mean by requirement in pricing?

    5.Where do you maintain rounding rule for pricing?

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    Former Member
    Posted on Aug 20, 2007 at 09:38 AM

    Hi Rajesh,

    1. Can we creating billing Document with out Sales Order? In this Case what should be done and how the pricing will be picked into Billing?

    2.Header discounts needed? Needed the header discount Condition types and how proportionately it’s distributed?

    3.What is domestic price list and I which t.code we find it?

    4.What is the flow of storing and retrieving the data in pricing tables?

    5.Explain the concept of REPRICING in Sale invoice/Out bound Delivery/Sales Order?

    6.Can we make changes in pricing procedure in outbound delivery, if so what are the parameters needs to met to make pricing changes in OD?

    7.What is the exact use of condition exclusion groups for customer and where can we configure it. Will it be on client’s requirement or compulsory?

    Please Reward If Really Helpful,

    Thanks and Regards,

    Sateesh.Kandula

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    Former Member
    Posted on Aug 20, 2007 at 09:40 AM

    1.How price is determined in the sales order

    2.What is the the Condition Technique explain

    3.Explain 16 controls of pricing procedure

    4.What are Condition Records how you maintain

    5.define the Condition Supplements

    6.What is the meainig of Pricing Scales

    7.What is the Condition Exclusion

    8.What is the Reference Conditions

    9.How can Delet the a Condition Record

    10.What is the deference b/w Header and Item Conditions

    11.What is meaning of Manual Pricing

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