Skip to Content
author's profile photo Former Member
Former Member

define sd organisational structure?

define sd organisational structure?

Add a comment
10|10000 characters needed characters exceeded

Related questions

4 Answers

  • Best Answer
    author's profile photo Former Member
    Former Member
    Posted on Jul 19, 2007 at 10:22 AM

    SD Configuration:

    Enterprise Structure:

    1. Maintaining Sales Organization

    Sales Organization is an organizational unit responsible for the sale of certain products or services.

    IMG -> Enterprise Structure -> Definition -> Sales and Distribution -> Define, copy, delete, check Sales organization

    2. Assigning Sales Organization to Company Code

    This assignment ensures all the sales made through this Sales Organization are accounted for in the assigned Company Code (Company Code is created by FI Consultant).

    IMG -> Enterprise Structure -> Assignment -> Sales and Distribution -> Assign Sales Organziation to Company Code

    3. Maintaining Distribution Channel

    Distribution Channel is the way, in which Products or Services reach Customers.

    IMG -> Enterprise Structure -> Definition -> Sales and Distribution -> Define, copy, delete, check distribution channel

    4. Assigning Distribution Channel to Sales Organization

    This assignment ensures, a Sales Organization can supply Materials to Customers through this Distribution Channel.

    IMG -> Enterprise Structure -> Assignment -> Sales and Distribution > Assign distribution channel to sales organization

    5. Maintaining Division

    Division is a way of grouping materials, products, or services.

    IMG -> Enterprise Structure -> Definition -> Logistics - General -> Define, copy, delete, check division

    6. Assigning Division to Sales Organization

    IMG -> Enterprise Structure -> Assignment -> Sales and Distribution -> Assign division to sales organization

    7. Setting up Sales Area

    All the sales are made from a particular sales Area. For creating a Sales Order Sales Area is compulsory.

    IMG ->Enterprise Structure -> Assignment -> Sales and Distribution -> Set up sales area

    8. Assigning Sales Organization- Distribution Channel- Plant

    Plant is created ny MM Consultant.

    IMG -> Enterprise Structure -> Assignment -> Sales and Distribution -> Assign sales organization - distribution channel - plant

    9. Define Shipping Points

    Shipping Point is the Organizational element, which is responsible for shipping the Materials to the Customers.

    IMG -> Enterprise Structure -> Definition -> Logistics Execution -> Define, copy, delete, check shipping point

    10 Assigning Shipping Point to Plant

    This assignment ensures that goods from different Plant can be dispatched from different Shipping Points.

    IMG -> Enterprise Structure -> Assignment -> Logistics Execution -> Assign shipping point to plant

    Note: Ensure to do the undermentioned configuration also though it is not in Customizing node of Enterprise Structure.

    11. Defining Common Distribution Channels for Master Data

    Use

    The purpose of this activity is to define distribution channels which have common master data..

    Procedure

    Access the activity using one of the following navigation options:

    IMG Menu -> Sales and Distribution -> Master Data -> Define Common Distribution Channels

    Transaction Code: VOR1

    12. Defining Common Divisions for Master DataUse

    The purpose of this activity is to define distribution channels which have common master data..

    Procedure

    Access the activity using one of the following navigation options:

    IMG Menu -> Sales and Distribution -> Master Data -> Define Common Division

    Transaction Code: VOR2

    Pricing Procedure

    In SD, Pricing Procedure is determined based on Sales Area (Sales Organization + Distribution Centre + Division) + Customer Pricing Procedure + Document Pricing Procedure. Sales Area is determined in Sales Order Header Level. Customer Pricing Procedure is determined from Customer Master. Document Pricing Procedure is determined from Sales Document Type / Billing Type (if configured). Once the pricing procedure is determined, Condition records are fetched. If appropriate condition records are found, the price is determined. If Mandatory pricing condition is missing, system will through an error message.

    In SD, the steps to configure Pricing procedure are as under:

    Step 1:

    Condition table: If existing condition table meets the requirement, we need not create a new condition table. Considering the requirement for new condition table, the configuration will be done in spro as follows: IMG --> Sales & Distribution --> Basic Function --> Pricing Control --> Condition Table (select the required fields combination, which will store condition record).

    Step 2:

    Access Sequence: If existing access sequence meets the requirement, we need not create a new access sequence. Considering the requirement for new sequence, the configuration will be done in spro as follows: IMG --> Sales & Distribution --> Basic Function --> Pricing Control --> Access Sequence (Access sequence is made up of Accesses (Tables) & the order of priority in which it is to be accessed. Here we assign the condition table to access sequence.

    Step 3:

    Condition Type: If existing condition type meets the requirement, we need not create a new condition type. Considering the requirement for new condition type, the configuration will be done in spro as follows: IMG --> Sales & Distribution --> Basic Function --> Pricing Control --> Condition Type. It is always recommended to copy an existing similar condition type & make the neccessary changes. Here we assign Access sequence to Condition type.

    Step 4:

    a. Pricing Procedure: It is recommended to copy a similar pricing procedure & make the neccesary changes in new pricing procedure. Pricing Procedure is a set of condition type & arranged in the sequence in which it has to perform the calculation. Considering the requirement for new Pricing Procedure, the configuration will be done in spro as follows: IMG --> Sales & Distribution --> Basic Function --> Pricing Control --> Pricing Procedure --> Maintain Pricing Procedure.

    b. Pricing Procedure: After maintaining the pricing procedure the next step will be determination of pricing procedure. Configuration for determining pricing procedure in SPRO is as follows: IMG --> Sales & Distribution --> Basic Function --> Pricing Control --> Pricing Procedure --> Determine Pricing Procedure.

    5. Condition record: Condition record is a master data, which is required to be maintained by Core team / person responsible from the client. During new implementation, the condition records can be uploaded using tools like SCAT, LSMW, etc.

    Normal Sales Order Cycle:-

    Step 1: Sales Document Type

    IMG > Sales and Distribution > Sales > Sales Documents >

    Sales Document Header:

    1. Sales Document Type:The sales document types represent the different business transactions, such as Inquiry, Quotation, Sales Order, etc. To create new sales order type, always copy as with reference to similar sales order. If possible use standard sales order.

    2. Define Number Ranges For Sales Documents: Maintain number range with discussion with core team.

    3. Assign Sales Area To Sales Document Types:

    A. Combine sales organizations / Combine distribution channels / Combine divisions: Ensure to maintain these, else Sales Order creation will give error.

    B. Assign sales order types permitted for sales areas: Assign only required Sales Order Types to required Sales Area. This will minimize selection of Sales Order Type as per sales area.

    Sales Document Item:

    1. Define Item Categories: If possible use Standard Item Category. Incase if required to create new, copy as from standard & maintain New.

    2. Assign Item Categories: If possible, use standard. Formula for deriving item category: Sales Document Type + Item Category Group + Usage + Higher Level Item Category = Item Category

    Schedule Line:

    1. Define Schedule Line Categories: If possible use Standard Schedule Lines. Incase if required to create new, copy as from standard & maintain New.

    2. Assign Schedule Line Categories: If possible, use standard. Formula for deriving Schedule Line: Item Category + MRP Type / No MRP Type.

    Step 2:

    IMG > Logistic Execution > Shipping > Deliveries >

    1. Define Delivery Types: If possible use Standard Delivery Type. Incase if required to create new, copy as from standard & maintain New.

    2. Define Item Categories for Deliveries: If possible use Standard Item Categories for Delivery Type. Incase if required to create new, copy as from standard & maintain New.

    3. Define Number Ranges for Deliveries: Ensure to maintain number range.

    Step 3:

    IMG > Sales and Distribution > Billing >

    1. Define Billing Types: If possible use Standard Billing Type. Incase if required to create new, copy as from standard & maintain New.

    2. Define Number Range For Billing Documents: Ensure to maintain number range.

    3. Maintain Copying Control For Billing Documents: Maintain relevant copy controls such as Sales Order to Billing, Deliver to Billing, etc.

    The configuration differs from scenario to scenario & requirement of the client.

    Regards,

    Rajesh Banka

    Reward point if useful.

    Add a comment
    10|10000 characters needed characters exceeded

  • author's profile photo Former Member
    Former Member
    Posted on Jul 19, 2007 at 10:20 AM

    REFER" target="_blank">http://www.sap-img.com/sap-sd/sap-sd-corporate-structure-question.htm">REFER THE LINK

    n the SAP R/3 System you can use several structures to represent the legal and organizational structure of your company. The organizational structures form a framework in which all business transactions can be processed.

    Integration

    You link the organizational structures in SD with those in Financial Accounting and Materials Management.

    Activities

    You maintain and assign the organizational units in Customizing for the enterprise structure.

    http://help.sap.com/saphelp_470/helpdata/en/dd/5635a8aea111d199b60000e8a5bd28/frameset.htm

    Message was edited by:

    SHESAGIRI GEDILA

    Add a comment
    10|10000 characters needed characters exceeded

  • author's profile photo Former Member
    Former Member
    Posted on Jul 19, 2007 at 10:24 AM

    hi,

    In R/3 you can represent a company's structure by defining and assigning corporate structure elements. What is the purpose of doing that?

    Enterprise organization diagram. Chart showing the organizational structure of an enterprise, its organization units and how they are related. A combined structure can be created from the point of view of accounting, MM, SD. This structure forms a framework in which all business transactions can be processed.

    Which three organizational elements make up a sales area and briefly explain their function?

    Sales organization: An organizational unit that sells and distributes products, negotiates terms of sale, and is responsible for these transactions.

    Distribution channel: Channel through which salable materials or services reach customers. Typical distribution channels include wholesale, retail and direct sales. You can assign a distribution channel to one or more sales organizations.

    Division: Product groups can be defined for a wide-ranging spectrum of products. For every division you can make customer-specific agreements on, for example, partial deliveries, pricing and terms of payment. Within a division you can carry out statistical analyses or set up separate marketing.

    Name the three internal organizational elements within a sales organization and briefly explain their function.

    Sales Office. Geographical aspects of the organization in business development and sales are defined using the term sales office. A sales office can be considered as a subsidiary. Sales offices are assigned to sales areas. If you enter a sales order for a sales office within a certain sales area, the sales office must be assigned to that area.

    Sales Group. The staff of a sales office may be subdivided into sales groups. For example, sales groups can be defined for individual divisions.

    Salespersons. Individual personnel master records are used to manage data about salespersons. You can assign a sales person to a sales group in the personnel master record.

    What does the term "business area" refer to and how can it be used?

    Business Area. The system posts costs and revenue according to the business area. The business area can be equivalent to the:

    sales area (if the accounts are to be posted according to sales)

    plant/division (if the accounts are to be posted according to products)

    The business area is defined in Customizing for Sales.

    o Business area. A unit in an enterprise, grouping product and market combinations as homogeneously as possible for the purpose of developing unified business policy.

    o Financial Accounting (FI). A business area is an organizational unit within financial accounting which represents a separate area of operations or responsibilities within an organization. Financial accounting transactions can be allocated to a specific business area.

    Briefly explain the relationship between sales organizations and company codes.

    Many to One.

    What is the central organizational element in purchasing?

    Purchasing Organization.

    Explain the relationship between sales organizations and plants.

    Many to Many.

    Explain the relationship between sales organizations, plants and company codes.

    Many to Many to One.

    Can one business area be assigned to several company codes? Which (sub) module of SAP could make business areas obsolete?

    Yes in CO .

    What is a credit control area? What relationship exists between credit control areas and company codes?

    Credit control area. Organizational unit in an organization that specifies and checks credit limits for customers. A credit control area can include one or more company codes. It is not possible to assign a company code to more than one credit control areas.

    Which organizational element is central in shipping? Give a definition of it.

    Shipping Point: Organizational unit at a fixed location that carries out shipping activities. A shipping point could, for example, be a company's mail department or a plant's rail depot. Each delivery is processed by only one shipping point.

    Give a definition of plant (in SAP).

    Organizational unit within Logistics, serving to subdivide an enterprise according to production, procurement, maintenance, and materials planning aspects.

    A plant is a place where either materials are produced or goods and services provided.

    Classification: Business object

    Structure: A plant can assume a variety of roles:

    As a maintenance plant, it includes the maintenance objects that are spatially located within this plant. The maintenance tasks that are to be performed are specified within a maintenance planning plant.

    As a retail or wholesale site, it makes merchandise available for distribution and sale.

    As a rule, the plant is the organizational unit for material valuation.

    The preferred shipping point for a plant is defined as the default shipping point, which depends on the shipping condition and the loading condition.

    For the placement of materials in storage (stock put-away), a storage location is assigned to a plant. The storage location depends on the storage condition and the stock placement situation.

    The business area that is responsible for a valuation area is determined as a function of the division. As a rule, a valuation area corresponds to a plant.

    Can you assign two different sales organization to the same company code?

    Yes.

    To what do you assign distribution channels and divisions?

    Sales Organizations.

    What are the highest organizational units in SD, MM.PP,FI,CO?

    SD: Sales Organizations.

    M: Plant

    PP: Plant

    FI: Company Code

    CO: Controlling Area

    Can you further subdivide a plant? If yes into what?

    A plant can be subdivided into storage locations, allowing stocks of materials to be broken down according to predefined criteria (e.g., location and materials planning aspects).

    A plant can be subdivided into locations and operational areas. Subdivision into locations takes geographical criteria into account, whereas subdivision into operational areas reflects responsibilities for production.

    Can a sales organization sell from a plant belonging to a different company code?

    Yes.

    How many shipping points can you assign to a plant?

    Many.

    How many shipping points can you assign to a sales organization?

    None.

    If you have a warehouse management system active, to what would you assign the warehouse number?

    Plant & Storage Location.

    Pls reward points if the answer is helpful

    Regards,

    Murali

    Add a comment
    10|10000 characters needed characters exceeded

  • Posted on Oct 24, 2019 at 02:02 PM

    Following organizational units represents Sales and Distribution module:

    • Sales Organization
    • Distribution Channel
    • Division

    You can find more about them on https://avastips.com/sap/sap-sd-organizational-structure-complete-guide/

    Add a comment
    10|10000 characters needed characters exceeded