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Former Member

Need help with security tasks

Experts,

Need help with security tasks....Please help me.

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thanks

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    Former Member
    Apr 09, 2007 at 05:23 AM

    <b>Hi Jay,

    Hope this would answer all your queries regarding security tasks :</b>

    SAP Security

    1. Security Administration

    • Determine how security administration is organized

    2. Help Desk

    • Determine if the help desk is effective

    • Records incidents reports

    3. Determine if proper system monitoring is performed

    4. Determine if training is properly administrated

    5. Determine if key system interfaces are properly controlled.

    6. Obtain a list of all system users

    7. Obtain a list of custom transactions

    • List off all transactions within the TSTC table beginning with the letters Y or Z

    • Tables>Data Display>Y, and then Z

    8. Obtain a listing of all Clients

    • List table T001

    9. Obtain a listing of all group companies

    • List table T042G

    10. Obtain a listing of all business areas

    • List table TGSB and TGSBT

    11. Obtain a listing of all credit control areas

    • List table T014 and T014T

    12. Obtain a list of all charts of accounts

    • List table T004 and T004T

    13. Obtain a listing of all plants

    • List tables T001W and TVKWZ

    14. Obtain a listing of storage locations

    • List table T001L

    15. Obtain a listing of all purchasing organizations

    • List table T024W

    16. Obtain a listing of all purchasing groups

    • List table T024

    17. Obtain a listing of all sales organizations

    • List table TVKO and TVKOT

    18. Obtain a listing of distribution channels

    • List table TVTW, TVTWT, and TVKOV

    19. Obtain a listing of all divisions

    • List tables TSPA, TSPAT, and TVKOS

    20. Obtain a listing of sales areas

    • List table TVTA

    21. Obtain a listing of sales offices

    • List tables TVBUR, TVKBT, and TVKBZ

    22. Obtain a listing of sales groups

    • List tables TVKGR, TVBVK, and TVGRT

    23. ABAP programs

    Review ABAP programs to ensure that all system function calls are authorized. System function calls allow are Unix commands that are passed to the operating system to perform a task at the operating system level such as using Oracle SQL commands to query the database during the execution of an ABAP program.

    24. Review all SAP userids at the Unix operating system level. (etc/passwd and etc/group files)

    SIDADM system administration

    ORASID Oracle administration

    PCTEMU Terminal administration

    25. Review all relevant SAP change control directories under Unix

    /usr/sap/trans

    26. Ensure that all default passwords have been changed.

    27. Determine that only authorized users have direct access to the Oracle database management system. And determine that all default system passwords have been changed.

    28. Correction and Transport (CTS)

    Control types

    Default Changes are allowed in corrections. Changes to SAP-provided objects require a repair correction

    No Change Changes are not allowed

    Repairs Repairs are allowed but all must have corrections and all corrections are flagged as repairs. Other types of changes are allowed with or without corrections.

    Unlimited Any changes are allowed with or without corrections. No corrections are flagged as repairs

    CTS Type CTS Changes

    Development Default

    Integration No Change

    Consolidation No Change

    Recipient No Change

    Determine if change control procedures are formally documented.

    Determine if separate instances have been defined for development and testing

    Determine who is responsible for transport administration

    Ensure that control tables are properly established

    TSYST defines all systems to be used in CTS

    TASYS defines all recipient systems

    TDEVC defines all development classes

    Use transaction code SE06 for CTS verification

    Use Transaction code SE38 to review the placement of programs in authorization groups

    - SE38 select attributes and select display

    29. Determine who has the capability to add user master records.

    S_USER_GRP and S_USER_ALL

    30. Determine who can maintain profiles.

    S_USER_PRO

    31. Determine who can maintain autorizations.

    S_USER_AUT

    32. List all SAP supplied profiles and authorizations that have been modified and review for completeness.

    33. List off the system parameter file (RSPARAM) and review the authentication controls

    - login/min_password_lng

    - login/password_expiration_time

    - login/fails_to_session_end

    - login/fails_to_user_lock

    34. Determine how the profile SAP_NEW is being used.

    35. Review SAP for any new objects/values that have been defined

    Review changes to table AUTH for new fields and table TOBJ for new objects

    36. Determine if all users have been assigned to a group. (Table USR02)

    37. Determine that the SAP* profile has a user master record and that SAP* has had its password changed and added to the SUPER group. Also determine if the password has been stored in a secured location in case of an emergency.

    38. Determine who are the members of the SUPER group and ensure that their membership is required.

    39. Determine how many users have SAP_ALL access in the production environment. List all users with the following standard system profiles:

    SAP_ALL All R/3 privileges

    S_A.SYSTEM All SAP system functions

    S_A.ADMIN System administration

    S_A.CUSTOMIZ SAP customizing system

    S_A.DEVELOP SAP development environment

    S_ABAP_ALL All authorizations for ABAPs

    TOOLS>ADMINISTRATION>USER MAINTENANCE>USERS>MAINTAIN USERS>INFORMATION>OVERVIEW>USERS> profile name >LIST>PRINT

    40. List all users with special SAP system administration

    S_ADMI_FCD Access to ABAP/4 Data Dictionary

    S_BDC_ALL Batch Input

    S_DDIC_ALL DYNPRO and ABAP/4

    S_EDI_BUK Creating and modifying ABAP/4 programs and use of screen painter

    S_EDITOR Ability to edit and modify ABAP’s programs

    S_PROG_ADM Running ABAP/4 programs and submitting background processing

    S_PROGRAM Ability to run ABAPs

    S_TABU_ADM System Table – table maintenance

    S_BTCH_ADMS_ENQ_ALL Background Processing

    S_TSKH_ADMS_ENQ_ALL Transactions – lock management for processing

    41. Determine who has access to the ABAP/4 Data Dictionary

    S_ADMI_FCD For this object list users that have the following values:

    REPL, SE01 (CTS requests) and/or DDIC in the System Administration Function field

    SM21 in the Field Administration Function field (allows access to the system log)

    TCOD which allows the user to change additional authorization checks

    Versions for a particular object are maintained as: Utilities>Version Management Menu.

    Temp

    Historical

    Active

    Revised

    Use Transactions:

    SE16 Data Browser

    SE12 Dictionary Display

    SE80 Object Browser

    SCU3 Table history transaction

    42. Determine who has batch access

    S_BDC_MONI

    S_BDC_ALL

    S_BTCH_ADM

    S_BTCH_ALL

    S_BTCH_USR

    Batch log files (bdc/logfile) should be reviewed and any deletions, modifications, or abended sessions subject to investigation and should be secured through the correct use of the operating system security.

    43. List users with authorization for SM04, SM50 (S_TSKH_ADM) which grants access to the transaction locking function. Determine which transactions are locked on the production system by viewing additional authority checks in table TSTC (Tools>Administration>Tcode Administration). Ensure that at a minimum the following transactions are locked:

    SE01 Correction and transports

    SE38 Ability to execute ABAP programs

    SE11 Maintain data dictionary objects

    44. Determine if the parameters for the trace and log files are adequate

    With the RSPARAM report, review the rstr/* and rslg/* parameters

    If a transaction cannot finish correctly, the system rolls it back. The dialog program first generates a log record in the VBLOG table.

    Transaction SM21 or Tools>Administration>Monitoring>System Log

    Selection Criteria:

    Date/Time – To – Date/Time

    By User, Trans Code, SAP Process, Problem Classes (Messages)

    45. Determine if Spool access is properly restricted.

    Verify who has the authorization object S_ADMI_FCD, S_SPO_ACT, and S_SPO_DEV

    46. Determine if backup procedures are appropriate for data and programs

    On-line and off-line backups of all the file servers can be controlled through the CCMS. Access to these transactions should be restricted, because these transactions can causes all file servers to shut down.

    Is access to the SAP archiving function restricted. (Verify which profiles have access to transaction F040).

    47. Determine who has access to the SAP customizing system (IMG, menu customizing)

    S_A.CUSTOMIZ The profile gives all authorizations required for the Basis activities in the customizing menu. (Table USR10 gives an overview of all authorization objects in a profile.)

    Regards,

    Puneet Gupta.

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