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Former Member

ALV Grid - Heading & currency field

Hi Experts,

I have two issues to takecare for which i require some inputs:

i)How is TOP OF LIST handled in ALV GRID DISPLAY.

ii) I have a field HOURS(quantity field) & another field MEINH (unit of measure) which is common for all the quantities.

How to display the Unit of measure field against the subtotal quantity.

Regards,

Simran

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  • author's profile photo Former Member
    Former Member
    Posted on Sep 08, 2006 at 01:49 PM

    Hi,

    Check this example code

    REPORT ZTUFI091 .

    &----


    *& Report ZDEMO_ALVGRID *

    *& *

    &----


    *& *

    *& Example of a simple ALV Grid Report *

    *& ................................... *

    *& *

    *& The basic requirement for this demo is to display a number of *

    *& fields from the EKKO table. *

    &----


    *REPORT zdemo_alvgrid .

    TABLES: ekko.

    type-pools: slis. "ALV Declarations

    *Data Declaration

    *----


    TYPES: BEGIN OF t_ekko,

    ebeln TYPE ekpo-ebeln,

    ebelp TYPE ekpo-ebelp,

    statu TYPE ekpo-statu,

    aedat TYPE ekpo-aedat,

    matnr TYPE ekpo-matnr,

    menge TYPE ekpo-menge,

    meins TYPE ekpo-meins,

    netpr TYPE ekpo-netpr,

    peinh TYPE ekpo-peinh,

    END OF t_ekko.

    DATA: it_ekko TYPE STANDARD TABLE OF t_ekko INITIAL SIZE 0,

    wa_ekko TYPE t_ekko.

    *ALV data declarations

    data: fieldcatalog type slis_t_fieldcat_alv with header line,

    gd_tab_group type slis_t_sp_group_alv,

    gd_layout type slis_layout_alv,

    gd_repid like sy-repid,

    gt_events type slis_t_event,

    gd_prntparams type slis_print_alv.

    ************************************************************************

    *Start-of-selection.

    START-OF-SELECTION.

    perform data_retrieval.

    perform build_fieldcatalog.

    perform build_layout.

    perform build_events.

    perform build_print_params.

    perform display_alv_report.

    &----


    *& Form BUILD_FIELDCATALOG

    &----


    • Build Fieldcatalog for ALV Report

    ----


    form build_fieldcatalog.

    • There are a number of ways to create a fieldcat.

    • For the purpose of this example i will build the fieldcatalog manualy

    • by populating the internal table fields individually and then

    • appending the rows. This method can be the most time consuming but can

    • also allow you more control of the final product.

    • Beware though, you need to ensure that all fields required are

    • populated. When using some of functionality available via ALV, such as

    • total. You may need to provide more information than if you were

    • simply displaying the result

    • I.e. Field type may be required in-order for

    • the 'TOTAL' function to work.

    fieldcatalog-fieldname = 'EBELN'.

    fieldcatalog-seltext_m = 'Purchase Order'.

    fieldcatalog-col_pos = 0.

    fieldcatalog-outputlen = 10.

    fieldcatalog-emphasize = 'X'.

    fieldcatalog-key = 'X'.

    • fieldcatalog-do_sum = 'X'.

    • fieldcatalog-no_zero = 'X'.

    append fieldcatalog to fieldcatalog.

    clear fieldcatalog.

    fieldcatalog-fieldname = 'EBELP'.

    fieldcatalog-seltext_m = 'PO Item'.

    fieldcatalog-col_pos = 1.

    append fieldcatalog to fieldcatalog.

    clear fieldcatalog.

    fieldcatalog-fieldname = 'STATU'.

    fieldcatalog-seltext_m = 'Status'.

    fieldcatalog-col_pos = 2.

    append fieldcatalog to fieldcatalog.

    clear fieldcatalog.

    fieldcatalog-fieldname = 'AEDAT'.

    fieldcatalog-seltext_m = 'Item change date'.

    fieldcatalog-col_pos = 3.

    append fieldcatalog to fieldcatalog.

    clear fieldcatalog.

    fieldcatalog-fieldname = 'MATNR'.

    fieldcatalog-seltext_m = 'Material Number'.

    fieldcatalog-col_pos = 4.

    append fieldcatalog to fieldcatalog.

    clear fieldcatalog.

    fieldcatalog-fieldname = 'MENGE'.

    fieldcatalog-seltext_m = 'PO quantity'.

    fieldcatalog-col_pos = 5.

    append fieldcatalog to fieldcatalog.

    clear fieldcatalog.

    fieldcatalog-fieldname = 'MEINS'.

    fieldcatalog-seltext_m = 'Order Unit'.

    fieldcatalog-col_pos = 6.

    append fieldcatalog to fieldcatalog.

    clear fieldcatalog.

    fieldcatalog-fieldname = 'NETPR'.

    fieldcatalog-seltext_m = 'Net Price'.

    fieldcatalog-col_pos = 7.

    fieldcatalog-outputlen = 15.

    fieldcatalog-datatype = 'CURR'.

    append fieldcatalog to fieldcatalog.

    clear fieldcatalog.

    fieldcatalog-fieldname = 'PEINH'.

    fieldcatalog-seltext_m = 'Price Unit'.

    fieldcatalog-col_pos = 8.

    append fieldcatalog to fieldcatalog.

    clear fieldcatalog.

    endform. " BUILD_FIELDCATALOG

    &----


    *& Form BUILD_LAYOUT

    &----


    • Build layout for ALV grid report

    ----


    form build_layout.

    gd_layout-no_input = 'X'.

    gd_layout-colwidth_optimize = 'X'.

    gd_layout-totals_text = 'Totals'(201).

    • gd_layout-totals_only = 'X'.

    • gd_layout-f2code = 'DISP'. "Sets fcode for when double

    • "click(press f2)

    • gd_layout-zebra = 'X'.

    • gd_layout-group_change_edit = 'X'.

    • gd_layout-header_text = 'helllllo'.

    endform. " BUILD_LAYOUT

    &----


    *& Form DISPLAY_ALV_REPORT

    &----


    • Display report using ALV grid

    ----


    form display_alv_report.

    gd_repid = sy-repid.

    call function 'REUSE_ALV_GRID_DISPLAY'

    exporting

    i_callback_program = gd_repid

    i_callback_top_of_page = 'TOP-OF-PAGE' "see FORM

    i_callback_user_command = 'USER_COMMAND'

    • i_grid_title = outtext

    is_layout = gd_layout

    it_fieldcat = fieldcatalog[]

    • it_special_groups = gd_tabgroup

    it_events = gt_events

    is_print = gd_prntparams

    i_save = 'X'

    • is_variant = z_template

    tables

    t_outtab = it_ekko

    exceptions

    program_error = 1

    others = 2.

    if sy-subrc <> 0.

    • MESSAGE ID SY-MSGID TYPE SY-MSGTY NUMBER SY-MSGNO

    • WITH SY-MSGV1 SY-MSGV2 SY-MSGV3 SY-MSGV4.

    endif.

    endform. " DISPLAY_ALV_REPORT

    &----


    *& Form DATA_RETRIEVAL

    &----


    • Retrieve data form EKPO table and populate itab it_ekko

    ----


    form data_retrieval.

    select ebeln ebelp statu aedat matnr menge meins netpr peinh

    up to 10 rows

    from ekpo

    into table it_ekko.

    endform. " DATA_RETRIEVAL

    ----


    • Form TOP-OF-PAGE *

    ----


    • ALV Report Header *

    ----


    Form top-of-page.

    *ALV Header declarations

    data: t_header type slis_t_listheader,

    wa_header type slis_listheader,

    t_line like wa_header-info,

    ld_lines type i,

    ld_linesc(10) type c.

    • Title

    wa_header-typ = 'H'.

    wa_header-info = 'EKKO Table Report'.

    append wa_header to t_header.

    clear wa_header.

    • Date

    wa_header-typ = 'S'.

    wa_header-key = 'Date: '.

    CONCATENATE sy-datum+6(2) '.'

    sy-datum+4(2) '.'

    sy-datum(4) INTO wa_header-info. "todays date

    append wa_header to t_header.

    clear: wa_header.

    • Total No. of Records Selected

    describe table it_ekko lines ld_lines.

    ld_linesc = ld_lines.

    concatenate 'Total No. of Records Selected: ' ld_linesc

    into t_line separated by space.

    wa_header-typ = 'A'.

    wa_header-info = t_line.

    append wa_header to t_header.

    clear: wa_header, t_line.

    call function 'REUSE_ALV_COMMENTARY_WRITE'

    exporting

    it_list_commentary = t_header.

    • i_logo = 'Z_LOGO'.

    endform.

    ----


    • FORM USER_COMMAND *

    ----


    • --> R_UCOMM *

    • --> RS_SELFIELD *

    ----


    FORM user_command USING r_ucomm LIKE sy-ucomm

    rs_selfield TYPE slis_selfield.

    • Check function code

    CASE r_ucomm.

    WHEN '&IC1'.

    • Check field clicked on within ALVgrid report

    IF rs_selfield-fieldname = 'EBELN'.

    • Read data table, using index of row user clicked on

    READ TABLE it_ekko INTO wa_ekko INDEX rs_selfield-tabindex.

    • Set parameter ID for transaction screen field

    SET PARAMETER ID 'BES' FIELD wa_ekko-ebeln.

    • Sxecute transaction ME23N, and skip initial data entry screen

    CALL TRANSACTION 'ME23N' AND SKIP FIRST SCREEN.

    ENDIF.

    ENDCASE.

    ENDFORM.

    &----


    *& Form BUILD_EVENTS

    &----


    • Build events table

    ----


    form build_events.

    data: ls_event type slis_alv_event.

    call function 'REUSE_ALV_EVENTS_GET'

    exporting

    i_list_type = 0

    importing

    et_events = gt_events[].

    read table gt_events with key name = slis_ev_end_of_page

    into ls_event.

    if sy-subrc = 0.

    move 'END_OF_PAGE' to ls_event-form.

    append ls_event to gt_events.

    endif.

    read table gt_events with key name = slis_ev_end_of_list

    into ls_event.

    if sy-subrc = 0.

    move 'END_OF_LIST' to ls_event-form.

    append ls_event to gt_events.

    endif.

    endform. " BUILD_EVENTS

    &----


    *& Form BUILD_PRINT_PARAMS

    &----


    • Setup print parameters

    ----


    form build_print_params.

    gd_prntparams-reserve_lines = '3'. "Lines reserved for footer

    gd_prntparams-no_coverpage = 'X'.

    endform. " BUILD_PRINT_PARAMS

    &----


    *& Form END_OF_PAGE

    &----


    form END_OF_PAGE.

    data: listwidth type i,

    ld_pagepos(10) type c,

    ld_page(10) type c.

    write: sy-uline(50).

    skip.

    write:/40 'Page:', sy-pagno .

    endform.

    &----


    *& Form END_OF_LIST

    &----


    form END_OF_LIST.

    data: listwidth type i,

    ld_pagepos(10) type c,

    ld_page(10) type c.

    skip.

    write:/40 'Page:', sy-pagno .

    endform.

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  • author's profile photo Former Member
    Former Member
    Posted on Sep 08, 2006 at 01:57 PM

    Hi,

    I do not find any parameter 'i_callback_top_of_page' in the ALV_GRID_DISPLAY.

    I am working in 4.7 version.

    Can you tell me which parameter should i use alternatively.

    Simran

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    • Former Member

      Hi Simran,

      You can verify standard program BALVST02_GRID for printing top of page.

      CONSTANTS:
      GC_FORMNAME_TOP_OF_PAGE TYPE SLIS_FORMNAME VALUE 'TOP_OF_PAGE'.
      ..
      FORM E03_EVENTTAB_BUILD USING E03_LT_EVENTS TYPE SLIS_T_EVENT.
        DATA: LS_EVENT TYPE SLIS_ALV_EVENT.
      *
        CALL FUNCTION 'REUSE_ALV_EVENTS_GET'
             EXPORTING
                  I_LIST_TYPE = 0
             IMPORTING
                  ET_EVENTS   = E03_LT_EVENTS.
        READ TABLE E03_LT_EVENTS WITH KEY NAME =  SLIS_EV_TOP_OF_PAGE
                                 INTO LS_EVENT.
        IF SY-SUBRC = 0.
          MOVE GC_FORMNAME_TOP_OF_PAGE TO LS_EVENT-FORM.
          APPEND LS_EVENT TO E03_LT_EVENTS.
        ENDIF.
      ENDFORM.
      ..
      FORM E04_COMMENT_BUILD USING E04_LT_TOP_OF_PAGE TYPE SLIS_T_LISTHEADER.
        DATA: LS_LINE TYPE SLIS_LISTHEADER.
      *
      * Listenüberschrift: Typ H
        CLEAR LS_LINE.
        LS_LINE-TYP  = 'H'.
      * LS_LINE-KEY:  not used for this type
        LS_LINE-INFO = TEXT-100.
        APPEND LS_LINE TO E04_LT_TOP_OF_PAGE.
      * Kopfinfo: Typ S
        CLEAR LS_LINE.
        LS_LINE-TYP  = 'S'.
        LS_LINE-KEY  = TEXT-101.
        LS_LINE-INFO = TEXT-102.
        APPEND LS_LINE TO E04_LT_TOP_OF_PAGE.
        LS_LINE-KEY  = TEXT-103.
        LS_LINE-INFO = TEXT-104.
        APPEND LS_LINE TO E04_LT_TOP_OF_PAGE.
      * Aktionsinfo: Typ A
        CLEAR LS_LINE.
        LS_LINE-TYP  = 'A'.
      * LS_LINE-KEY:  not used for this type
        LS_LINE-INFO = TEXT-105.
        APPEND LS_LINE TO  E04_LT_TOP_OF_PAGE.
      ENDFORM.
      ..
        CALL FUNCTION 'REUSE_ALV_GRID_DISPLAY'
             EXPORTING
                  I_BACKGROUND_ID         = 'ALV_BACKGROUND'
                  I_CALLBACK_PROGRAM      = G_REPID
      ..
                  IT_EVENTS               = GT_EVENTS[]
      

      Regards,

      Raghav

  • author's profile photo Former Member
    Former Member
    Posted on Sep 08, 2006 at 03:05 PM

    Simran,

    ii)

    Have a column for MEINH in your grid.

    In the field catalog for HOURS, set qfieldname to 'MEINH'.

    If you like, you can hide MEINH in the grid, maybe by specifying a display variant that hides MEINH.

    John

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