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Update a database table dynamically

Hi ABAP Experts,

Good day!

I have a test code to update a database table dynamically. (Currently, values are in strings since this is only a test code and my actual code is in a class. Unfortunately, I am unable to test it as I am still missing some logic.). My problem here is I actually see the correct values in <ls_hyper_update_log> that will be used to update the database table. However, the update statement returns a sy-subrc of 4, which means table was not updated. May you please check on what's wrong with the below code? Thank you very much.


Katherine Darunday

    <ls_hyper_update_log> TYPE any,
    <ls_update>           TYPE any.
    lv_field1 TYPE /txn/de_hyper_gen_fld_name,
    lv_field2 TYPE /txn/de_hyper_gen_fld_name,
    lv_field3 TYPE /txn/de_hyper_gen_fld_name,
    lv_field4 TYPE /txn/de_hyper_gen_fld_name,
    lv_field5 TYPE /txn/de_hyper_gen_fld_name,
    im_field_1 type CHAR20,
    im_field_2 type CHAR20,
    im_field_3 type CHAR20,
    im_field_4 type CHAR20,
    im_field_5 type CHAR20,
  CREATE DATA DYN_WA TYPE /txn/t_hyper_log.
  ASSIGN DYN_WA->* TO <ls_hyper_update_log>.
  lv_field1 = 'HYPER_TEAM'. "im_s_hyper_tsk-field_name1.
  lv_field2 = 'HYPER_TASK'. "im_s_hyper_tsk-field_name2.
  lv_field3 = 'TASK_CLASS'. "im_s_hyper_tsk-field_name3.
  lv_field4 = 'MONI_DATE'.  ".m_s_hyper_tsk-field_name4.
  lv_field5 = 'MONI_TIME'.  "im_s_hyper_tsk-field_name5.

  im_field_1 = 'LOGISTICS'.
  im_field_2 = 'DYNAMIC'.
  im_field_3 = 'TEST'.
  im_field_4 = SY-DATUM.
  im_field_5 = SY-UZEIT.
  ASSIGN COMPONENT lv_field1 OF STRUCTURE <ls_hyper_update_log> TO <ls_update>.
  IF sy-subrc EQ 0.
    <ls_update> = im_field_1.
  ASSIGN COMPONENT lv_field2 OF STRUCTURE <ls_hyper_update_log> TO <ls_update>.
  IF sy-subrc EQ 0.
    <ls_update> = im_field_2.
  ASSIGN COMPONENT lv_field3 OF STRUCTURE <ls_hyper_update_log> TO <ls_update>.
  IF sy-subrc EQ 0.
    <ls_update> = im_field_3.
  ASSIGN COMPONENT lv_field4 OF STRUCTURE <ls_hyper_update_log> TO <ls_update>.
  IF sy-subrc EQ 0.
    <ls_update> = im_field_4.
  ASSIGN COMPONENT lv_field5 OF STRUCTURE <ls_hyper_update_log> TO <ls_update>.
  IF sy-subrc EQ 0.
    <ls_update> = im_field_5.
  UPDATE /txn/t_hyper_log FROM <ls_hyper_update_log>.
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  • It means that there's no line in the database table for the key fields in <ls_hyper_update_log>, or the update is impossible because the table has one or more unique indexes and the values would make a duplicate key for these indexes.

    See ABAP doc: UPDATE

  • Hi Sandra,

    Yes, I know meaning of sy-subrc 4 in Update statement. The table I am trying to update is actually new and only has one entry. The values I am trying to insert have different primary keys with that of the existing entry. Which is why I was wondering why sy-subrc is being encountered.

    Thank you.



  • Hi Sandra,

    "It means that there's no line in the database table for the key fields in <ls_hyper_update_log>"

    Thank you very much for this. I just realized I should have used insert since it's a new entry and will not update any lines in the database table.I am now able to insert the new entry.

    Again, thanks for the assistance.



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1 Answer

  • Best Answer
    Posted on Aug 31 at 05:10 PM

    Can u check if any entry exists with the specified key field in the database? sy-subrc 4 will usually come if no entry is available in the data base with the specified primary key

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