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ASE displaying high %MEM in 'top'

Hi All

I have an ASE 15.7 dataserver running BW on Linux that (according to the network admin) is displaying very high memory usage.
This is causing memory swap to kick in. I can see dataserver is using on avg. 86.8% of memory and all the BWP_01_DIA_* is using a bit of memory as well. eg. BWP_01_DIA_W5, BWP_01_BTC_W32,

occasionally it spikes to over 100%, thus swap kicking in.

Is this normal behaviour? How does one check what is consuming the memory?

What %MEM as displayed in "top" on Linux is considered normal?

The environment details are:

Adaptive Server Enterprise/15.7/EBF 22779 SMP SP122 /P/x86_64/Enterprise Linux/ase157sp12x/3662/64-bit/FBO/Sat Apr 19 05:48:19 2014

top output:


55009 sybbwp 20 0 172g 163g 163g S 209 86.2 14939:46 dataserver

54967 bwpadm 20 0 138g 201m 154m S 9 0.1 0:01.24 BWP_01_DIA_W12

3775 root 20 0 9412 1012 248 R 1 0.0 58:02.31 top

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2 Answers

  • Best Answer
    Posted on Jul 14, 2014 at 02:50 PM

    If you really only have 198GB of memory, then configuring ASE for 180GB of memory is probably too much. ASE uses shared memory - which it attempts to lock - which means that all other processing - including file system caches - would have to fit in the other 18GB of memory. This includes the Dialogs and other BW processes. You likely need to reduce ASE down to probably 128GB of memory.

    Even when the host is dedicated to the DBMS, we don't suggest allocating more than ~70-80% of physical memory to ASE as the OS needs quite a bit...with 198GB, 75% would be 150GB or 180GB is definitely too much. Toss SAP NW into the equation and you likely need a bit less and should aim for the 128GB range.....especially if BW is doing a lot of file based processing (e.g. loading from flat files) which could leverage the read-ahead buffers in the file system cache.

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    • Former Member Former Member

      Final Update:

      The memory usage has dropped considerably to 45% consistently.

      After the ASE server was bounced there was no more swapping experienced and
      problem seemed to have been solved.

      BIG THANKS to everyone for their valuable input!

      Kind regards


  • Posted on Jul 13, 2014 at 03:06 AM

    Hi Jade,

    This memory issue depends on a few configs in ASE, please send us the output from this commands:

    sp_configure 'max memory'

    sp_configure 'allocate max shared memory'

    sp_configure 'dynamic allocation on demand'

    sp_configure 'total logical memory'

    sp_configure 'total physical memory'

    Check the ASE errorlog if there are messages indicating dynamic allocation of a new chunk of memory.

    Its not desirable tha linux swap in, if you can prevent its better always.



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    • Jade,

      I look after the difference between total logical memory and total phyisical memory and its quite low so turning of this setting will not offer you any changes to this behaviour.

      98% of cache hits its quite common if you run intensive manteinance tasks, be aware of it. I don´t consider shutdown as a recommended action in this situation.

      dump transaction log every 15 minutes right? Perhaps you are having more activity on each database so these activity its consuming you more memory.

      Based on the information you send me I don´t think that ASE its causing the system to swap in. Perhaps you can reduce the max memory a bit in order not to have these situation. Look after usser connections, or metadata cache objects (objects,indexes,partitions,etc) if monitorconfig shows very low usages you can reduce it and locks are other object that consumes lots of memory.

      I hope this help.



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